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The 1st o September is the 244t day o the year (245t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 121 days bidin.
- 1271 - Pape Gregory X is electit.
- 1420 - A suspectit magnitude 9.4 yirdquauk hits the Atacama Region is present-day Chile.
- 1598 - Boris Godunov acomes Tsar o Roushie.
- 1715 - Louis XIV o Fraunce dees efter a reign o 72 years, the langest reign o ony major European monarch.
- 1804 - Juno, a main-belt asteroid in the Solar Seestem, is discoverit bi Karl Ludwig Harding.
- 1897 - The subway seestem in Boston, Massachusetts, opens.
- 1905 - Alberta an Saskatchewan acome provinces o Canadae.
- 1914 - Martha, the last Passenger Pigeon, dees in Cincinnati Zoo in the Unitit States.
- 1923 - A major yirdquauk strikes Tokyo an Yokohama, killin tens o thousands o fowk.
- 1939 - Warld War II: Nazi Germany invades Poland.
- 1951 - The Unitit States, Australie an New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact.
- 1952 - The Old Man an the Sea, a beuk bi Ernest Hemingway, is published.
- 1958 - Iceland expands its fishin zone.
- 1961 - The Eritrean War o Unthirldom stairts.
- 1962 - A yirdquauk strikes Qazvin, Iran, killin ower 12,000 fowk.
- 1969 - Muammar Gaddafi taks pouer in Libya throu a militar coup.
- 1972 - Bobby Fischer wins the Warld Chess Championship in Reykjavik, Iceland, defeatin Boris Spassky.
- 1979 - The Pioneer 11 space probe flies bi the planet Saturn at a distance o 21,000 kilometres.
- 1983 - The Soviet Union shoots doon a Sooth Korean airliner near Sakhalin Island.
- 1984 - An attack on Kabul Airport in Afghanistan kills 42 fowk.
- 1986 - Soviet passenger steamer "Admiral Nakhimov" sinks in the Black Sea efter a colleesion, killin 398 fowk.
- 1991 - Uzbekistan gains unthirldom frae the Soviet Union.
- 2004 - Beslan schuil siege: Militants tak mony childer an teachers hostage at a schuil in Beslan, North Ossetie, Soothren Roushie.
- 2005 - A "Shoot tae Kill" policy is creatit in New Orleans, Louisiana, efter Hurricane Katrina.
- 2018 - The funeral o US Senator John McCain taks place in Washington, D.C..
- 2019 - Hurricane Dorian hits the Bahamas as a Category 5 storm.
- 1653 - Johann Pachelbel, German componer (d. 1706)
- 1732 - Thomas Erskine, 6t Yerl o Kellie, Scots muisicker an componer (d. 1781)
- 1854 - Engelbert Humperdinck, German componer (d. 1921)
- 1863 - Violet Jacob, Scots writer (d. 1946)
- 1864 - Roger Casement, Irish politeecian, diplomat an patriot (d. 1916)
- 1875 - Edgar Rice Burroughs, American writer (d. 1950)
- 1877 - Francis William Aston, Inglis chemist an pheesicist (d. 1945)
- 1912 - Gwynfor Evans, Welsh politeecian, Preses o Plaid Cymru (d. 2005)
- 1923 - Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
- 1925 - Roy J. Glauber, American pheesicist (d. 2018)
- 1930 - Michel Serres, French filosofer (d. 2019)
- 1933 - Conway Twitty, American sangster (d. 1993)
- 1939 - Lily Tomlin, American actress an comedienne
- 1944 - Eve Johnstone, Scots medicinar, cleenical resaircher, psychiatrist an academic
- 1945 - Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, Preses o Yemen
- 1946 - Barry Gibb, Breetish sangster (Bee Gees)
- 1946 - Roh Moo-hyun, Preses o Sooth Korea (d. 2009)
- 1950 - Phil McGraw, American televeesion personality, author an psychologist
- 1957 - Gloria Estefan, Cuban-American sangster an actress
- 1960 - Rab Wilson, Scots poet
- 1962 - Ruud Gullit, Dutch fitbawer
- 1989 - Daniel Sturridge, Inglis fitbawer
- 1992 - Kirani James, Grenadian sprinter
- 1996 - Zendaya, American sangster
- 1159 - Pape Adrian IV (b. 1100)
- 1557 - Jacques Cartier, French splorer (b. 1491)
- 1648 - Marin Mersenne, French mathemateecian an filosofer (b. 1588)
- 1715 - Louis XIV o Fraunce (b. 1638)
- 1838 - William Clark, American splorer an politeecian (b. 1770)
- 1925 - Donald Petrie, Scots botanist (b. 1846)
- 1981 - Albert Speer, German Nazi politeecian (b. 1905)
- 1988 - Luis Walter Alvarez, American scientist (b. 1911)
- 2001 - Bobby Evans, Scots fitbawer (b. 1927)