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Louisiana is a state in the Deep Sooth region o the sootheastren Unitit States. It is the 31st maist extensive an the 25t maist populous o the 50 United States. Louisiana is mairchit bi Arkansas tae the north, Mississippi tae the east, the Gulf o Mexico tae the sooth, an Texas tae the wast. A lairge pairt o its eastren boondary is demarcatit bi the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the anerly U.S. state wi poleetical subdiveesions termed pairishes, that are equivalent tae coonties. The state's caipital is Baton Rouge, an its lairgest ceety is New Orleans.

State o Louisiana
État de Louisiane  (French)
Banner o Louisiana State seal o Louisiana
Banner Seal
Nickname(s): Bayou State • Bairn o the Mississippi
Creole State • Pelican State (offeecial)
Sportsman's Paradise • Sugar State • The Buit
Motto(s): Union, Justice, Confidence
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Louisiana heichlichtit
Offeecial leid No offeecial leid
Spoken leids

As o 2007

Demonym Louisianian
Caipital Baton Rouge
Lairgest ceety New Orleans[1][2][3]
Lairgest metro Greater New Orleans
Aurie Ranked 31st
 • Tot 50,000 sq mi
(135,382 km2)
 • Width 130 miles (210 km)
 • Lenth 379 miles (610 km)
 • % watter 15
 • Latitude 28° 56′ N tae 33° 01′ N
 • Longitude 88° 49′ W tae 94° 03′ W
Population Ranked 25t
 • Tot 4,681,666 (2015 est)[4]
 • Density 93.6/sq mi  (34.6/km2)
Ranked 24t
 • Median hoosehauld income $45,992[5] (45th)
 • Heichest pynt Driskill Moontain[6][7]
535 ft (163 m)
 • Mean 100 ft  (30 m)
 • Lawest pynt New Orleans[6][7]
−8 ft (−2.5 m)
Afore statehuid Territory o Orleans
Admission to Union Aprile 30, 1812 (18t)
Govrenor John Bel Edwards (D)
Lieutenant Governor Billy Nungesser (R)
Legislatur State Legislature
 • Upper hoose State Senate
 • Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
U.S. Senators Bill Cassidy (R)
John Neely Kennedy (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation 5 Republicans, 1 Democrat (leet)
Time zone Central: UTC −6/−5
ISO 3166 US-LA
Abbreviations LA, La.

Muckle o the state's launds war formed frae sediment washed doun the Mississippi River, leavin enormous deltas an vast auries o coastal mairsh an swamp.[8] Thir conteen a rich soothren biota; teepical ensaumples include birds sic as ibis an egrets. Thare are an aw mony species o tree frogs, an fish such as sturgeon an paidlefish. In mair elevatit areas, fire is a naitural process in the laundscape, an haes produced extensive auries o langleaf pine forest an wet savannas. Thir support an exceptionally lairge nummer o plant species, includin mony species o orchids an carnivorous plants.[8] Louisiana haes mair Native American tribes nor ony ither soothren state, includin fower that are federally recognised, ten that are state recognised, an fower that hae nae received recogneetion.[9]

Some Louisiana urban environments hae a multicultural, multilingual heritage, bein sae strangly influenced bi a mixtur of 18t-century French, Haitian, Spaingie, Native American, an African culturs that they are conseedert tae be exceptional in the US. Afore the American purchase o the territory in 1803, the current Louisiana State haed been baith a French colony an for a brief period, a Spaingie one. In addeetion, colonists importit numerous African fowk as sclaves in the 18t century. Mony cam from fowks o the same region o Wast Africae, sicweys concentratin thair cultur. In the post-Ceevil War environment, Anglo-Americans increased the pressur for Anglicisation, an in 1921, Inglis wis for a time made the sole leid o instruction in Louisiana schuils afore a policy o multilingualism wis revived in 1974.[10][11] Thare haes niver been an offeecial leid in Louisiana, an the state constitution enumerates "the richt o the fowk to preserve, foster, an promote thair respective historic, lingueestic, an cultural oreegins."[10]


  1. "New Orleans a 'ghost town' after thousands flee Gustav: mayor", AFP, Google, August 31, 2008, archived frae the oreeginal on May 16, 2013 
  2. "Expert: N.O. population at 273,000". WWL-TV. August 7, 2007. Archived frae the oreeginal on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 14, 2007. 
  3. "Relocation". Baton rouge. Connecting U.S. Cities. May 3, 2007. Archived frae the oreeginal on February 9, 2014. 
  4. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. December 26, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal (CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Keddy, Paul A. (2008). Water, Earth, Fire: Louisiana's Natural Heritage. Philadelphia: Xlibris. p. 229. ISBN 978-1-4363-6234-4. 
  9. Dayna Bowker Lee, "Louisiana Indians in the 21st Century", Louisiana Folklife Program, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 Louisiana Official Site on Languages, accessed August 22, 2016
  11. Murphy, Alexander B. (2008). "Placing Louisiana in the Francophone World: Opportunities and Challenges" (PDF). Atlantic Studies. 5 (3): 11. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on May 10, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 

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