Louisiana is a state in the Deep Sooth region o the sootheastren Unitit States. It is the 31st maist extensive an the 25t maist populous o the 50 United States. Louisiana is mairchit bi Arkansas tae the north, Mississippi tae the east, the Gulf o Mexico tae the sooth, an Texas tae the wast. A lairge pairt o its eastren boondary is demarcatit bi the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the anerly U.S. state wi poleetical subdiveesions termed pairishes, that are equivalent tae coonties. The state's caipital is Baton Rouge, an its lairgest ceety is New Orleans.

State o Louisiana
État de Louisiane  (French)
Banner o Louisiana State seal o Louisiana
Banner Seal
Nickname(s): Bayou State • Bairn o the Mississippi
Creole State • Pelican State (offeecial)
Sportsman's Paradise • Sugar State • The Buit
Motto(s): Union, Justice, Confidence
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Louisiana heichlichtit
Offeecial leidNo offeecial leid
Spoken leidsAs o 2007
CaipitalBaton Rouge
Lairgest ceetyNew Orleans[1][2][3]
Lairgest metroGreater New Orleans
AurieRanked 31st
 • Tot50,000 sq mi
(135,382 km2)
 • Width130 miles (210 km)
 • Lenth379 miles (610 km)
 • % watter15
 • Latitude28° 56′ N tae 33° 01′ N
 • Longitude88° 49′ W tae 94° 03′ W
PopulationRanked 25t
 • Tot4,681,666 (2015 est)[4]
 • Density93.6/sq mi  (34.6/km2)
Ranked 24t
 • Median hoosehauld income$45,992[5] (45th)
 • Heichest pyntDriskill Moontain[6][7]
535 ft (163 m)
 • Mean100 ft  (30 m)
 • Lawest pyntNew Orleans[6][7]
−8 ft (−2.5 m)
Afore statehuidTerritory o Orleans
Admission to UnionAprile 30, 1812 (18t)
GovrenorJohn Bel Edwards (D)
Lieutenant GovernorBilly Nungesser (R)
LegislaturState Legislature
 • Upper hooseState Senate
 • Lawer hooseHoose o Representatives
U.S. SenatorsBill Cassidy (R)
John Neely Kennedy (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation5 Republicans, 1 Democrat (leet)
Time zoneCentral: UTC −6/−5
AbbreviationsLA, La.

Muckle o the state's launds war formed frae sediment washed doun the Mississippi River, leavin enormous deltas an vast auries o coastal mairsh an swamp.[8] Thir conteen a rich soothren biota; teepical ensaumples include birds sic as ibis an egrets. Thare are an aw mony species o tree frogs, an fish such as sturgeon an paidlefish. In mair elevatit areas, fire is a naitural process in the laundscape, an haes produced extensive auries o langleaf pine forest an wet savannas. Thir support an exceptionally lairge nummer o plant species, includin mony species o orchids an carnivorous plants.[8] Louisiana haes mair Native American tribes nor ony ither soothren state, includin fower that are federally recognised, ten that are state recognised, an fower that hae nae received recogneetion.[9]

Some Louisiana urban environments hae a multicultural, multilingual heritage, bein sae strangly influenced bi a mixtur of 18t-century French, Haitian, Spaingie, Native American, an African culturs that they are conseedert tae be exceptional in the US. Afore the American purchase o the territory in 1803, the current Louisiana State haed been baith a French colony an for a brief period, a Spaingie one. In addeetion, colonists importit numerous African fowk as sclaves in the 18t century. Mony cam from fowks o the same region o Wast Africae, sicweys concentratin thair cultur. In the post-Ceevil War environment, Anglo-Americans increased the pressur for Anglicisation, an in 1921, Inglis wis for a time made the sole leid o instruction in Louisiana schuils afore a policy o multilingualism wis revived in 1974.[10][11] Thare haes niver been an offeecial leid in Louisiana, an the state constitution enumerates "the richt o the fowk to preserve, foster, an promote thair respective historic, lingueestic, an cultural oreegins."[10]


  1. "New Orleans a 'ghost town' after thousands flee Gustav: mayor", AFP, Google, August 31, 2008, archived frae the oreeginal on May 16, 2013 Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. "Expert: N.O. population at 273,000". WWL-TV. August 7, 2007. Archived frae the oreeginal on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 14, 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. "Relocation". Baton rouge. Connecting U.S. Cities. May 3, 2007. Archived frae the oreeginal on February 9, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. December 26, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal (CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. 7.0 7.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Keddy, Paul A. (2008). Water, Earth, Fire: Louisiana's Natural Heritage. Philadelphia: Xlibris. p. 229. ISBN 978-1-4363-6234-4.
  9. Dayna Bowker Lee, "Louisiana Indians in the 21st Century", Louisiana Folklife Program, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 Louisiana Official Site on Languages, accessed August 22, 2016
  11. Murphy, Alexander B. (2008). "Placing Louisiana in the Francophone World: Opportunities and Challenges" (PDF). Atlantic Studies. 5 (3): 11. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on May 10, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

Freemit airtinsEedit

State govrenment

Relatit informationEedit