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The 19t o August is the 231st day o the year (232nt in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 134 days bidin.
- 14 - Daith o Roman Enperor Augustus.
- 1561 - Mary, Queen o Scots returns tae Scotland efter 13 years in Fraunce.
- 1745 - Charles Edward Stuart raises his standard at Glenfinnan, stairtin the Jacobite Rebellion.
- 1768 - Saunt Isaac's Cathedral is foondit in Saunt Petersburg.
- 1861 - The Weisshorn in the Swiss Alps is climbed for the first time.
- 1889 - Meteorological experiments are carriet oot on the Eiffel Touer in Paris; It is strack bi lichtnin durin the experiment, wi nobody noticin.
- 1919 - Afghanistan gains full unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick.
- 1941 - The Kodiak Naitional Wildlife Refuge is creatit on Kodiak Island, Alaska, Unitit States.
- 1944 - Warld War II: The fowk o Paris rise up against thair German occupiers.
- 1966 - Varto, Turkey is strack bi a yirdquauk, killin 2,500 fowk.
- 1978 - An attack on the Cinema Rex in Abadan, Iran kills 430 fowk. It is believed tae hae been carriet oot bi supporters o Ruhollah Khomeini tae discredit Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
- 1980 - A fire on a Lockheed L-1011 aircraft at Keeng Fahd Airport in Riyadh, Saudi Arabie, kills 30 fowk.
- 1987 - A gunman kills 16 fowk in the Hungerford shuitin in Ingland, afore killin hissel.
- 1989 - Tadeusz Mazowiecki acomes the first non-Communist Prime meenister o Poland in 42 years.
- 1991 - August Coup: Mikhail Gorbachev is placed unner hoose reest while on haliday in Crimea.
- 2003 - A bomb attack on a bus in Jerusalem kills 23 fowk.
- 2003 - The Unitit Naitions Headquarters in Baghdad are bombed, killin 22 fowk.
- 2007 - Major protests against the militar junta in Burma stairt.
- 2009 - A series o bomb attacks in Baghdad kills at least 101 fowk.
- 2010 - The last Unitit States combat troops leave Iraq.
- 2013 - The Dhamara Ghat train crash in Bihar, Indie, kills 57 fowk.
- 232 - Marcus Aurelius Probus, Roman Emperor (d. 282)
- 1560 - James Crichton, Scots polymath (d. 1582)
- 1596 - Elizabeth Stuart, Queen o Bohemie (d. 1662)
- 1631 - John Dryden, Inglis poet an playwricht (d. 1709)
- 1743 - Madame du Barry, French courtesan (d. 1793)
- 1808 - James Nasmyth, Scots ingineer, airtist an inventor (d. 1890)
- 1871 - Orville Wright, American aviator (d. 1948)
- 1878 - Manuel L. Quezon, Preses o the Philippines (d. 1944)
- 1883 - Coco Chanel, French fashion designer (d. 1971)
- 1920 - George Patterson, Scots-Tibetan ingineer an meesionar (d. 2012)
- 1921 - Gene Roddenberry, American author an producer (d. 1991)
- 1924 - Willard Boyle, Canadian pheesicist (d. 2011)
- 1946 - Bill Clinton, 42nt Preses o the Unitit States
- 1951 - John Deacon, Inglis muisicker (Queen)
- 1951 - Jean-Luc Melenchon, French politeecian
- 1953 - Cesare Prandelli, Italian fitbawer an manager
- 1958 - Gordon Brand Jnr, Scots gowfer (d. 2019)
- 1969 - Matthew Perry, American-Canadian actor
- 1973 - Marco Materazzi, Italian fitbawer
- 1986 - Christina Perri, American sangster-sangwriter
- 1990 - Danny Galbraith, Scots fitbawer
- 1994 - Nafissatou Thiam, Belgian heptathlete
- 14 - Augustus, Roman Emperor (b. 63 BC)
- 1493 - Frederick III, Haly Roman Emperor (b. 1415)
- 1580 - Andrea Palladio, Italian airchitect (b. 1508)
- 1662 - Blaise Pascal, French mathemateecian, filosofer an pheesicist (b. 1623)
- 1730 - James Ogilvy, 4t Yerl o Findlater, Scots politeecian (b. 1664)
- 1905 - William-Adolphe Bouguereau, French penter (b. 1825)
- 1926 - Horatio Brown, Scots historian (b. 1854)
- 1936 - William Agnew, Scots fitbawer (b. 1880)
- 1954 - Alcide De Gasperi, Italian statesman (b. 1881)
- 1976 - Alastair Sim, Scots actor (b. 1900)
- 1977 - Groucho Marx, American comedian an actor (b. 1890)
- 1980 - Otto Frank, faither o Anne Frank (b. 1889)
- 1994 - Linus Pauling, American chemist (b. 1901)
- 2012 - Tony Scott, Inglis film director (b. 1944)
- 2015 - Egon Bahr, German politeecian (b. 1922)
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