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Bihar (/bˈhɑːr/, pronounced [bɪˈɦaːr] ( listen)) is a state in northren Indie.[3][4] It is the 12t lairgest state in terms o geografical size at 38,202 sq mi (98,940 km2) an 3rd lairgest bi population. Amaist 58% o Biharis is ablo the age o 25,[5] whilk is the heichest proportion in Indie.

Offeecial seal o Bihar
Location o Bihar in Indie
Location o Bihar in Indie
Coordinates (Patna): 25°22′N 85°08′E / 25.37°N 85.13°E / 25.37; 85.13
Kintra Indie
Region Angika Region, Bhojpur Region, Magadh Region, Mithila Region
Diveesion Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger, Magadha
Established 1912 (as Bihar)
Caipital Patna
Lairgest ceety Patna
Destricts 38 total
 • Bouk Govrenment o Indie, Govrenment o Bihar
 • Govrenor Devanand Konwar
 • Chief Meenister Nitish Kumar (JDU)
 • Legislatur Bicameral (243 + 75 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency 40
 • Heich Court Patna Heich Court
 • Total 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi)
Aurie rank 12t
Population (2011)[1]
 • Tot 103,804,637
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-BR
Vehicle registration BR
HDI Increase 0.367 (low)
HDI rank 21st (2011)
Literacy 63.82% (28t)
73.4% (male)
53.3% (female)
Offeecial leid(s) Hindi, Urdu, Maithili,[2]

The Bihar plain is dividit intae twa pairts bi the river Ganges whilk rins through the middle frae wast tae east.[6] Bihar haes notifee'd forest aurie o 6,764.14 km2,[7] whilk is 6.8% o its geografical aurie. Hindi an Urdu is the offeecial leids o the state, while the majority o the fowk speak Angika, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili and Bajjika. In 2000, Bihar wis divided intae 2 pairts, the Southren part kent as Jharkhand.


  1. "census of india". Census of India 2001. Government of India. 27 May 2002. Retrieved 14 April 2007. 
  2. "National Commissioner Linguistic Minorities". Retrieved 10/12/2010.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. "State Profile". Bihar Government website. 
  4. "Food riots, anger as floods swamp South Asia". Reuters India. 22 August 2008. 
  5. Guruswamy, Mohan (15 December 2003). "The Economic Strangulation of Bihar" (PDF). Centre for Policy Alternatives, New Delhi, India.  Unkent parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)
  6. "State Profile". 
  7. "State Profile". Gov. of India.