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Kraków (Pols pronunciation: [ˈkrakuf] ( listen)) also Cracow, or Krakow (US Inglis /ˈkræk/, British Inglis /ˈkrækɒv/), is the seicond lairgest and ane o the auldest ceeties in Poland. Situatit on the Vistula River (Pols: Wisła) in the Lesser Poland region, the ceety dates back tae the 7t century.[1] Kraków haes traditionally been ane o the leadin centres o Pols academic, cultural an airtistic life an is one o Poland's maist important economic centres. It wis the caipital o Poland frae 1038 tae 1596; the caipital o the Grand Duchy o Kraków frae 1846 tae 1918; an the caipital o Kraków Voivodeship frae the 14t century tae 1999. It is nou the caipital o the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.

Kraków
Cracow
Main Mercat Square, Wawel Castle, Barbican, St. Mary's Basilica, St. Peter an Paul Kirk, Collegium Maius
Banner o Kraków
Banner
Coat o airms o Kraków
Coat o airms
Kraków is locatit in Poland
Kraków
Kraków
Coordinates: 50°3′41″N 19°56′18″E / 50.06139°N 19.93833°E / 50.06139; 19.93833Coordinates: 50°3′41″N 19°56′18″E / 50.06139°N 19.93833°E / 50.06139; 19.93833
Kintra  Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
Coonty Kraków Coonty
Ceety richts 5 Juin 1257
Govrenment
 • Mayor Jacek Majchrowski
 • First Deputy of the Mayor Tadeusz Trzmiel
Aurie
 • City 327 km2 (126 sq mi)
Elevation 219 m (719 ft)
Population (31 December 2011)
 • Ceety 759,137
 • Density 2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,395,893
Demonym(s) Cracovian
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Simmer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 30-024 to 31–962
Aurie code(s) +48 12
Wabsteid www.krakow.pl

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Kraków is twinned, or maintains close relations, wi mair than 30 ceeties aroond the warld:[2]

  Bordeaux, Fraunce (syne 1993)[2]
  Bratislava, Slovakie [2][3]
  Budapest, Hungary (syne 2005)[2]
  Cambridge, Mass., USA (syne 1989)[4]
  Curitiba, Brazil (syne 1993)[2]
  Cusco, Peru [2][5]
  Edinburgh, Scotland, UK (syne 1995) [6]
  Fes, Morocco (syne 2004)[2]
  Florence, Italy (syne 1992)[2]
  Frankfurt, Germany (syne 1991)[2][7]
  Göteborg, Swaden (syne 1990)[2]

  Grozny, Roushie (syne 1997) [8]
  Innsbruck in Austrick (syne 1998)[2]
  Kiev, Ukraine (syne 1993)[2]
  Lahore, Pakistan

  La Serena, Chile (syne 1995)[2]
  Leipzig, Germany (syne 1995)[2][9]
  Leuven, Belgium (syne 1991)[2]
  Lviv, Ukraine (syne 1995)[2]
  Milan, Italy (syne 2003)[2][10]
  Nuremberg, Germany (syne 1991)[2]
  Orléans, Fraunce (syne 1992)[2]

  Pécs, Hungary (syne 1998)[2]
  Rochester, NY, USA (syne 1973)[2]
  Quito, Ecuador [2]
  St Petersburg, Roushie (syne 2006)[2]
  San Francisco, CA, USA (syne 2009)[2]
  Seville, Spain (syne 2002)[2]
  Solothurn, Swisserland (syne 1990)[2]
  Tbilisi, Georgie[2]
  Veliko Turnovo, Bulgarie (syne 1975)[2]
  Vilnius, Lithuanie[2]
  Zagreb, Croatie (syne 1975)[2][11][12]

ReferencesEedit

  1. The Municipality Of Kraków Press Office, 1996–2007, in participation with ACK Cyfronet of the AGH University of Science and Technology, "Our City. History of Krakow, archaeological findings". Retrieved 2007-09-11. 
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 "Kraków otwarty na świat". www.krakow.pl. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  3. "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". © 2003-2008 Bratislava-City.sk. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  4. "A Message from the Peace Commission: Information on Cambridge's Sister Cities," February 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12. Also in: Richard Thompson, "Looking to strengthen family ties with 'sister cities'," Boston Globe, October 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  5. "Ciudades Hermanas (Sister Cities)" (in Spanish). Municipalidad del Cusco. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  6. "Edinburgh - Twin and Partner Cities". © 2008 The City of Edinburgh Council, City Chambers, High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1YJ Scotland. Archived frae the oreeginal on March 28, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  7. "Frankfurt -Partner Cities". © 2008 Stadt Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved 2008-12-05.  Freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  8. "Grozny Official Website". (in Russian) © 2000-2008 сайт Грозный Виртуальный при перепечатке материалов в онлайн проектах. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  line feed character in |publisher= at poseetion 149 (help)
  9. "Leipzig - International Relations". © 2009 Leipzig City Council, Office for European and International Affairs. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  10. "Milano - Città Gemellate". © 2008 Municipality of Milan (Comune di Milano). Retrieved 2008-12-05. 
  11. "Foreign co-operation". Retrieved 2007-11-01.  from the municipality official website
  12. "Intercity and International Cooperation of the City of Zagreb". © 2006-2009 City of Zagreb. Retrieved 2009-06-23.