seicond lairgest ceety o Poland

Kraków (Pols pronunciation: [ˈkrakuf] ( listen)), awso Cracow, or Krakow, is the seicond lairgest and ane o the auldest ceeties in Poland. Situatit on the Vistula River (Pols: Wisła) in the Lesser Poland region, the ceety dates back tae the 7t century.[1] Kraków haes traditionally been ane o the leadin centres o Pols academic, cultural an airtistic life an is one o Poland's maist important economic centres. It wis the caipital o Poland frae 1038 tae 1596; the caipital o the Grand Duchy o Kraków frae 1846 tae 1918; an the caipital o Kraków Voivodeship frae the 14t century tae 1999. It is nou the caipital o the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.


Main Mercat Square, Wawel Castle, Barbican, St. Mary's Basilica, St. Peter an Paul Kirk, Collegium Maius
Banner o Kraków
Coat of airms o Kraków
Coat airms
Kraków is located in Poland
Coordinates: 50°3′41″N 19°56′18″E / 50.06139°N 19.93833°E / 50.06139; 19.93833Coordinates: 50°3′41″N 19°56′18″E / 50.06139°N 19.93833°E / 50.06139; 19.93833
Kintra Poland
VoivodeshipLesser Poland
CoontyKraków Coonty
Ceety richts5 Juin 1257
 • MayorJacek Majchrowski
 • First Deputy of the MayorTadeusz Trzmiel
 • City327 km2 (126 sq mi)
219 m (719 ft)
 (31 December 2011)
 • City759,137
 • Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
30-024 to 31–962
Area code(s)+48 12

Internaitional relations eedit

Twin touns — Sister ceeties eedit

Kraków is twinned, or maintains close relations, wi mair nor 30 ceeties aroond the warld:[2]

  Bordeaux, Fraunce (syne 1993)[2]
  Bratislava, Slovakie [2][3]
  Budapest, Hungary (syne 2005)[2]
  Cambridge, Mass., USA (syne 1989)[4]
  Curitiba, Brazil (syne 1993)[2]
  Cusco, Peru [2][5]
  Edinburgh, Scotland, UK (syne 1995) [6]
  Fes, Morocco (syne 2004)[2]
  Florence, Italy (syne 1992)[2]
  Frankfurt, Germany (syne 1991)[2][7]
  Göteborg, Swaden (syne 1990)[2]

  Grozny, Roushie (syne 1997) [8]
  Innsbruck in Austrick (syne 1998)[2]
  Kiev, Ukraine (syne 1993)[2]
  Lahore, Pakistan

  La Serena, Chile (syne 1995)[2]
  Leipzig, Germany (syne 1995)[2][9]
  Leuven, Belgium (syne 1991)[2]
  Lviv, Ukraine (syne 1995)[2]
  Milan, Italy (syne 2003)[2][10]
  Nuremberg, Germany (syne 1991)[2]
  Orléans, Fraunce (syne 1992)[2]

  Pécs, Hungary (syne 1998)[2]
  Rochester, NY, USA (syne 1973)[2]
  Quito, Ecuador [2]
  St Petersburg, Roushie (syne 2006)[2]
  San Francisco, CA, USA (syne 2009)[2]
  Seville, Spain (syne 2002)[2]
  Solothurn, Swisserland (syne 1990)[2]
  Tbilisi, Georgie[2]
  Veliko Turnovo, Bulgarie (syne 1975)[2]
  Vilnius, Lithuanie[2]
  Zagreb, Croatie (syne 1975)[2][11][12]

References eedit

  1. The Municipality Of Kraków Press Office, 1996–2007, in participation with ACK Cyfronet of the AGH University of Science and Technology, "Our City. History of Krakow, archaeological findings". Retrieved 11 September 2007.
  2. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Kraków otwarty na świat". Retrieved 19 Julie 2009.
  3. "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". © 2003-2008 Retrieved 26 October 2008.
  4. "A Message from the Peace Commission: Information on Cambridge's Sister Cities," February 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12. Also in: Richard Thompson, "Looking to strengthen family ties with 'sister cities'," Boston Globe, October 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  5. "Ciudades Hermanas (Sister Cities)" (in Spanish). Municipalidad del Cusco. Archived frae the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  6. "Edinburgh - Twin and Partner Cities". © 2008 The City of Edinburgh Council, City Chambers, High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1YJ Scotland. Archived frae the original on 28 Mairch 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2008.
  7. "Frankfurt -Partner Cities". © 2008 Stadt Frankfurt am Main. Archived frae the original on 7 November 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2008. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  8. "Grozny Official Website". (in Russian) © 2000-2008 сайт Грозный Виртуальный при перепечатке материалов в онлайн проектах. Retrieved 1 November 2008. line feed character in |publisher= at position 149 (help)
  9. "Leipzig - International Relations". © 2009 Leipzig City Council, Office for European and International Affairs. Archived frae the original on 29 Juin 2009. Retrieved 17 Julie 2009.
  10. "Milano - Città Gemellate". © 2008 Municipality of Milan (Comune di Milano). Archived frae the original on 10 Apryle 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2008.
  11. "Foreign co-operation". Retrieved 1 November 2007. from the municipality official website
  12. "Intercity and International Cooperation of the City of Zagreb". © 2006-2009 City of Zagreb. Archived frae the original on 7 Julie 2017. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.