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Nanjing (Cheenese: 南京; pinyin: Nánjīng; Mandarin: [nǎntɕíŋ] ( listen); Romanizations: Nánjīng (Pinyin), Nan-ching (Wade-Giles), Nanking (Postal cairt spellin)) is the caipital o Jiangsu province, Cheenae, an haes a prominent place in Cheenese history an cultur. The ceety's name (南京) means "Soothren Caipital", an wis widely romanisit as 'Nanking' till the Pinyin leid reform, efter which 'Nanjing' became the internaitional staundart spellin o the ceety's name.

Sub-provincial ceety
Nanjing montage.png
Location o Nanjing Ceety in Jiangsu
Location o Nanjing Ceety in Jiangsu
Nanjing is locatit in China
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 32°03′N 118°46′E / 32.050°N 118.767°E / 32.050; 118.767Coordinates: 32°03′N 118°46′E / 32.050°N 118.767°E / 32.050; 118.767
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Jiangsu
Coonty-level 13
Tounship-level 129
Settled 495 BC
 • Teep Sub-provincial ceety
 • CPC Ctte Secretary Zhang Jinghua
 • Mayor Lan Shaomin
 • Sub-provincial ceety 6,598 km2 (2,548 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (50 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Sub-provincial ceety 8,109,100
 • Density 1,230/km2 (3,183/sq mi)
 • Urban 7,165,600
Demonym(s) Nanjinger or Nankingese
Time zone Cheenae Staundart Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 210000–211300
Aurie code(s) 25
GDP (Nominal) 2011
 - Total US$97.3 billion
 - Per caipita US$ 12,010
GDP (PPP) 2011
 - Total US$155.6 billion
 - Per caipita US$ 19,209
 - Growt Increase 12.0%
Licence plate prefixes A
Wabsteid Ceety o Nanjing
City trees
Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara),
Platanus × acerifolia[1]
City flowers
Méi (Prunus mume)
Cheenese 南京
Hanyu Pinyin Nánjīng
Postal Nanking
Leeteral meanin southern capital

Locatit in the lawer Yangtze River drainage basin an Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing haes aye been ane o Cheenae's maist important ceeties. It servit as the caipital o Cheenae durin several historical periods an is recognised as ane o the Fower Great Auncient Caipitals o Cheenae. Nanjing wis the caipital o the Republic o Cheenae afore the Cheenese Ceevil War in 1949. Nanjing is ane o the fifteen sub-provincial ceeties in the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae's admeenistrative structur an aw, enjoyin jurisdictional an economic autonomy anerlie slichtly less nor that o a province. Nanjing haes lang been a naitional centre o eddication, research, transport netwirks, an tourism.

Wi an urban population o ower five million (2006), Nanjing is the seicont lairgest commercial centre in the East Cheenae region, efter Shanghai. It haes been ranked fowert bi Forbes magazine in its leetin o "2008 Top 100 Business Ceeties in Mainland Cheenae", seivent in the evaluation o "Ceeties wi Strangest Comprehensive Strength" issued bi the Naitional Statistics Bureau, an seicont in the evaluation o ceeties wi maist sustainable development potential in the Yangtze River Delta. It haes an aa been awardit the title o 2008 Habitat Scroll o Honour o Cheenae, Special Awaird o UN Habitat Scroll o Honour an Naitional Ceevilized Ceety.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Sister ceeties an friendship ceetiesEedit

Nanjing currently haes 18 sister ceeties (auries):


  1. A Grass-Roots Fight to Save a ‘Supertree’, The New York Times, 2011-06