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Bloemfontein (pronounced /ˈblʊmfɒnteɪn/ (deprecatit template), Dutch for "spring o Bloem (bloom)", "flouer spring" or "funtain o flouers") is the caipital ceety o the Free State Province o Sooth Africae. It is an aa the judicial caipital, makin it ane o the three naitional caipitals o Sooth Africae (thegither wi the administrative caipital Pretoria an the legislative caipital Cape Toun). Bloemfontein is popularly an poetically kent as "the ceety o roses", awin tae the abundance o these flouers an the annual rose festival held thare.[3][4] The ceety's Sesotho name is Mangaung, meanin "place o cheetahs" an it haes been includit in the Mangaung Local Municipality syne 2000.

Bloemfontein skyline viewed frae Signal Hill
Bloemfontein skyline viewed frae Signal Hill
Nickname(s): The ceety o roses
Bloemfontein is locatit in South Africa
Coordinates: 29°06′S 26°13′E / 29.100°S 26.217°E / -29.100; 26.217
Kintra Sooth Africae
Province Free State
Municipality Mangaung
Established 1846[1]
 • Total 333.69 km2 (128.84 sq mi)
Elevation 1,395 m (4,577 ft)
Population (2001)[2]
 • Tot 328,773
 • Density 990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2001)[2]
 • Black African 72.6%
 • Coloured 5.0%
 • Indie 0.2%
 • White 22.2%
First leids (2001)[2]
 • Sotho 36.5%
 • Afrikaans 25.0%
 • Tswana 19.0%
 • Xhosa 14.3%
 • Ither 5.2%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Aurie code(s) 051

Bloemfontein is situatit on dry grassland at 29°06′S 26°13′E / 29.100°S 26.217°E / -29.100; 26.217, at an altitude o 1,395 metres abuin sea level. The ceety is hame tae 369,568 residents, while the Mangaung Local Municipality haes a population o 645,455. Bloemfontein is served bi Bloemfontein Airport.


  1. "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 The figures are a sum of the census places Bloemfontein, Mangaung Part 1.
  3. Bloemfontein: Did you know?
  4. Bloemfontein: General Information