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The Sasanian Empire (/səˈsɑːnɪən/ or /səˈsnɪən/; an aa kent as Sassanian, Sasanid, or Sassanid) or Neo-Persian Empire,[9] kent tae its indwallers as Ērānshahr[1] an Ērān in Middle Persie an resultin in the New Persie terms Iranshahr an Iran,[10] wis the last Iranian empire afore the rise o Islam, ruled bi the Sasanian dynasty frae 224 CE tae 651 CE.[2][11] The Sassanid Empire, which succeedit the Parthian Empire, wis recognised as ane o the main pouers in Wastren an Central Asie, alangside the Roman–Byzantine Empire, for a period o mair nor 400 years.[12]

Sasanian Empire
Banner o Persie
Derafsh Kaviani
The Sasanian Empire at its greatest extent, unner Khosrau II
The Sasanian Empire at its greatest extent, unner Khosrau II
Common leids Middle Persie[4]
Middle Aramaic[5]
Releegion Zoroastrianism,
(an aa Babylonian, Manichaeism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Mandaeism, Judaism)
Govrenment Feudal Monarchy[6]
• 224–241
Ardashir I (first)
• 632–651
Yazdegerd III (last)
Historical era Late Antiquity
28 April 224
• Ceevil war[7]
621 6,600,000 km2 (2,500,000 sq mi)
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Parthian Empire
Kushan Empire
Kinrick o Armenie (antiquity)
Rashidun Caliphate
Dabuyid dynasty
Masmughans o Damavand
Bavand dynasty
The day pairt o


  1. 1.0 1.1 Book Pahlavi spelling:  , Inscriptional Pahlavi spelling: 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭𐭱𐭲𐭥𐭩
  2. 2.0 2.1 (Wiesehofer 1996)
  3. "CTESIPHON – Encyclopaedia Iranica". Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  4. Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, Vol.1, Ed. Jamie Stokes, (Infobase Publishing, 2009), 601.
  5. Chyet, Michael L. (1997). Afsaruddin, Asma; Krotkoff, Georg; Zahniser, A. H. Mathias, eds. Humanism, Culture, and Language in the Near East: Studies in Honor of Georg Krotkoff. Eisenbrauns. p. 284. ISBN 9781575060200. In the Middle Persian period (Parthian and Sassanid Empires), Aramaic was the medium of everyday writing, and it provided scripts for writing Middle Persian, Parthian, Sogdian, and Khwarezmian. 
  7. Parvaneh Pourshariati, Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran, I.B. Tauris, 2008. (p. 4)
  8. Security and Territoriality in the Persian Gulf: A Maritime Political Geography by Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh, page 119
  9. Fattah, Hala Mundhir (2009). A Brief History Of Iraq. Infobase Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 9780816057672. Historians have also referred to the Sassanian Empire as the Neo-Persian Empire. 
  10. MacKenzie, D. N. (2005), A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary, London & New York: Routledge Curzon, p. 120, ISBN 0-19-713559-5 
  11. "A Brief History". Culture of Iran. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 11, 2007. Retrieved 11 September 2009. 
  12. (Shapur Shahbazi 2005)