The Republic o Dagestan (/[unsupported input]dɑːɡˈstɑːn/ or /dæɡˈstæn/; Roushie: Респу́блика Дагеста́н, Respublika Dagestan; an aw spelt Daghestan) is a federal subject (a republic) o Roushie, locatit in the North Caucasus region. Its caipital an the lairgest ceety is Makhachkala, locatit at the centre o Dagestan on the Caspian Sea. Population: 2,910,249 (2010 Census).[7]

Republic o Dagestan
Республика Дагестан
Banner o Republic o Dagestan
Coat of airms o Republic o Dagestan
Coat airms
Anthem: Naitional Anthem o the Republic o Dagestan
Dagestan in Russia.svg
Coordinates: 43°06′N 46°53′E / 43.100°N 46.883°E / 43.100; 46.883Coordinates: 43°06′N 46°53′E / 43.100°N 46.883°E / 43.100; 46.883
Federal destrictNorth Caucasian[1]
Economic regionNorth Caucasus[2]
Established10 Januar 1921[3]
 • BodiFowkassembly[4]
 • Preses[4]Magomedsalam Magomedov[5]
 • Total50300 km2 (19,400 sq mi)
Area rank52nt
 (2010 Census)[7]
 • Total2,910,249
 • Estimate 
3,063,885 (+5.3%)
 • Rank12t
 • Density58/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zoneUTC+3 (Moscow Time Edit this on Wikidata[9])
ISO 3166 codeRU-DA
License plates05
OKTMO ID82000000
Offeecial leidsRoushie;[10] Aghul, Avar, Azeri, Chechen, Dargwa, Kumyk, Lak, Lezgian, Nogai, Rutul, Tabasaran, Tat, Tsakhur[11][12]

Dagestan is ethnically vera diverse, wi several dozen ethnic groups an subgroups inhabitin the republic, maist o which speak aither Caucasian, Turkic, or Iranian leids. Lairgest amang thir ethnic groups are the Avar, Dargin, Kumyk, Lezgin, an Laks.[13] While Roushies form anerlie a sma proportion (4.7%) o the population, Roushie remains the primary offeecial leid.

Dagestan haes been a scene o law-level Islamic insurgency, occasional ootbreaks o separatism, ethnic tensions an terrorism syne the 1990s. Accordin tae International Crisis Group, the militant Islamist organisation Shariat Jamaat is responsible for hintle o the violence.[14] Hintle o the tension is ruitit in an internal Islamic conflict atween traditional Sufi groups advocatin secular govrenment an mair recently introducit Salafist teachers preachin the implementation o Sharia law in Dagestan.


The wird Dagestan is o Turkic oreegin. Dag means 'muntain' an -stan is a Persie suffix meanin 'land'. The wird Dagestan therefore means "the land o muntains". Some areas o Dagestan wur kent as Albanie, Avaria, an Tarkov at various times.[15]

Names for DagestanEedit

  • Avar - Дагъистаналъул Республика (Dağistanal‘ul Respublika)
  • Dargin - Дагъистанес Республика (Dağistanes Respublika)
  • Kumyk - Дагъыстан Республикасы (Dağıstan Respublikası)
  • Lezgian - Дагъустандин Республика (Dağustandin Respublika)
  • Lak - Дагъустаннал Республика (Dağustannal Respublika)
  • Tabasaran - Дагъустан Республика (Dağustan Respublika)
  • Turkis - Dağıstan Cumhuriyeti
  • Azerbaijani - Dağıstan Respublikası
  • Chechen - Dexasta-çö.


The republic is situatit in the North Caucasus muntains. It is the soothmaist pairt o Roushie, an is bordered on its eastren side bi the Caspian Sea.


Cairt o Dagestan

Thare are ower 1,800 rivers in the republic. Major rivers include:


Dagestan haes aboot 400 kilometer (250 mi) o coast line on the Caspian Sea.


Maist o the Republic is muntainous, wi the Greater Caucasus Muntains coverin the sooth. The heichest pynt is the Bazardyuzi peak at 4,466 m.

Natural resourcesEedit

Dagestan is rich in Ile, natural gas, coal, an mony ither minerals.


The climate is het an dry in the simmer but the winters are haurd in the muntain areas.

  • Average Januar temperatur: +2 °C (36 °F)
  • Average Julie temperatur: +26 °C (79 °F)
  • Average annual precipitation: 250 (northren plains) tae 800 mm (in the muntains).

Admeenistrative diveesionsEedit

See an awEedit


  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Всероссийский Центральный Исполнительный Комитет. Декрет от 20 января 1921 г. «Об Автономной Дагестанской Социалистической Советской Республике». (All-Russian Central Executive Committee. Decree of January 20, 1921 On Autonomous Dagestan Socialist Soviet Republic. ).
  4. a b Constitution, Article 8
  5. Lenta.ru. Новый президент Дагестана вступил в должность (in Roushie)
  6. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (21 Mey 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 1 November 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  7. a b Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  8. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.
  9. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  10. Offeecial ootthrou the Roushie Federation accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  11. According to Article 11 of the Constitution of Dagestan, the official languages of the republic include "Russian and the languages of the peoples of Dagestan"
  12. Solntsev, pp. XXXIX–XL
  13. Dagestan. Encyclopædia Britannica (Online edition)
  14. Russia’s Dagestan: Conflict Causes[deid airtin]. International Crisis Group Europe Report N°192. 3 June 2008
  15. Zonn, Igor S. et al. The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia. Berlin: Springer, p. 280.

Freemit airtinsEedit

Template:Kintras an regions o the Caucasus

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