The Turkic leids constitute a leid faimlie o at least thirty-five[2] leids, spaken bi Turkic fowks athort a vast aurie frae Eastren Europe an the Mediterranean tae Siberie an Wastren Cheenae, an are considered tae be pairt o the proposed Altaic leid faimlie.[3]

Frae Sootheastren Europe tae Wastren Cheenae an Siberie
Lingueestic clessificationAne o the warld's primary leid faimilies
ISO 639-5trk
Turkic leids

Turkic leids are spaken as a native leid bi some 165[4] tae 180 million fowk;[5] an the total nummer o Turkic speakers is ower 200 million, includin speakers o a seicont leid. The Turkic leid wi the greatest nummer o speakers is Turkis proper, or Anatolien [an Balkan] Turkish, the speakers o whilk accoont for aboot 40% o aw Turkic speakers.[3] Characteristic featurs o Turkis, sic as vowel harmony, agglutination, an lack o grammatical gender, are universal athin the Turkic faimily.[3] There is an aw a hie degree o mutual intelligibility atween the sindry Oghuz leids, whilk include Turkis, Azerbaijani, Turkmen, Qashqai, Gagauz, an Balkan Gagauz Turkis.[6]


  1. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Turkic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  2. Dybo A.V., "Chronology of Türkic languages and linguistic contacts of early Türks", Moscow, 2007, p. 766, [1] Archived 2005-03-11 at the Wayback Machine (In Russian)
  3. a b c Katzner, Kenneth (2002). Languages of the World, Third Edition. Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Books Ltd. ISBN 978-0415250047. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  4. "Turkic Peoples". Archived frae the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 29 October 2010.
  5. Turkic Language family tree entries provide the information on the Turkic-speaking populations and regions.
  6. "Language Materials Project: Turkish". UCLA International Institute, Center for World Languages. 2007. Archived frae the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 26 Apryle 2007. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)

Fremmit airtins


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