Ceety o Wastmeenster

The Ceety o Wastmeenster (Inglis: City of Westminster) is a Lunnon burgh occupyin hintle o the central aurie o Lunnon, Ingland, includin maist of the Wast End. It is locatit tae the wast o an adjoinin the auncient Ceety o Lunnon, directly tae the east o the Ryal Burgh o Kensington an Chelsea, an its soothren bundary is the River Thames. It is an Inner Lunnon borough an wis creatit in 1965 when Greater Lunnon wis established. At its creation Wastmeenster wis awairdit ceety status, which haed been previously held bi the smawer Metropolitan Burgh o Wastmeenster. Aside frae a nummer o lairge pairks an open spaces, the population density o the destrict is heich. Mony steids commonly associatit wi Lunnon are locatit in the borough, includin Buckingham Palace, the Hooses o Parliament, an 10 Downing Street. The ceety is dividit intae a nummer o localities includin the auncient poleetical destrict o Wastmeenster aroond the Palace o Wastmeenster; the shoppin auries aroond Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly an Bond Street; an the nicht time entertainment destrict o Soho. Hintle o the ceety is residential, an in 2008 it wis estimatit tae hae a population o 236,000. The local authority is Wastmeenster Ceety Cooncil.

Ceety o Wastmeenster
Palace o Wastmeenster
Palace o Wastmeenster
Wastmeenster shown athin Greater Lunnon
Wastmeenster shown athin Greater Lunnon
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
Constituent kintraIngland
Ceremonial coontyGreater Lunnon
StatusLunnon burgh, Ceety
Admin HQCeety Haw, Victoria Street
Incorporatit1 Aprile 1965
 • TeepLunnon borough cooncil
 • BodiWastmeenster Ceety Cooncil
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • Laird MayorCllr Susie Burbridge
 • MPsKaren Buck (Lab)
Mark Field (Con)
 • Lunnon AssemblyKit Malthouse (Con) AM for Wast Central
 • EU ParliamentLunnon
 • Total21.48 km2 (8.29 sq mi)
Area rank318t (o 326)
 (mid-2016 est.)
 • Rank69t (o 326)
 • Ethnicity[1]
35.2% White Breetish

2.3% White Erse
24.1% Ither White
0.9% White & Black Caribbean
0.9% White & Black African
1.6% White & Asie
1.8% Ither Mixed
3.3% Indie
1.1% Pakistani
2.9% Bangladeshi
4.6% Ither Asie
2% Black Caribbean
4.2% Black African
1.3% Ither Black
2.7% Cheenese

3.9% Ither
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Area code(s)020
Polis forceMetropolitan Polis
Website[[1] www.westminster.gov.uk/%20]]

History eedit

In 1965 the Ceety o Wastmeenster wis creatit frae the umwhile aurie o the metropolitan burghs o St Marylebone, Paddington, an the smawer Metropolitan Burgh o Wastmeenster. The earlier Wastmeenster metropolitan burgh wis itsel the result o an amalgamation in 1900.

Demography eedit

Accordin tae the 2001 census, the ceety haed a population o 181,279. Wastmeenster Ceety Cooncil unnerteuk several studies, supportit bi baith poleetical pairties on the cooncil, that indicatit that this figur wis too law. The Office for National Statistics eventually addit 17,500 fowk tae Wastmeenster's population, increasin its grant frae the Breetish govrenment. The offeecial population is nou 198,779, but some estimates put it at 220,000. Approximately 71% o the population is White (Breetish: 49.0%, Erse: 2.0%, an Ither White: 19.0%), 16% are o ony Asie ethnicity, 7% Black, 6% Mixed, an 4% belang tae ither racial groups. Aboot 35% o hoosehaulds are occupeed bi thair awners.

Governance eedit

The ceety is dividit intae 20 wards, each electin 3 cooncillors. Wastmeenster Ceety Cooncil is currently componed o 48 Conservative Pairty members an 12 Labour Pairty members.[2][3]

Destricts eedit

The Ceety o Wastmeenster covers aw or pairt o the follaein auries o Lunnon:

Economy eedit

The Ceety o Wastmeenster is hame tae a lairge nummer o companies. Mony leadin global corporations hae chosen tae locate thair global or European heidquarters in the Ceety o Wastmeenster. Mayfair an St. James's athin the Ceety o Wastmeenster an aw hae a lairge concentration o hedge fund an private equity funds. The Wast End is kent as the Theatre Destrict an is hame tae mony o the leadin performin airts businesses. Soho an its adjoinin auries hoose a concentration o media an creative companies. Oxford Street is ane o the leadin shoppin destinations in the warld. The leet o companies includes

BP heid office in St. James's, Ceety o Wastmeenster

The Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Lunnon is locatit in Wastmeenster.[9][30]

Companies that previously haed thair heid offices in the Ceety o Wastmeenster include British Aircraft Corporation,[9][31] British Midland (Portland House),[32] British United Airways,[33] British Mediterranean Airways,[34] Cadbury,[35] Diageo,[36] BAA Limited,[9][37][38] Lloyd International Airways,[39] an P&O Princess Cruises.[40]

Laundmerks eedit

Palace o Wastmeenster

Wastmeenster contains mony o the maist famous steids in Lunnon. Some o the popular tourist steids are Buckingham Palace, Palace o Wastmeenster (Hooses o Parliament) an Big Ben an nearbi Wastmeenster Abbey.

Pairks an open spaces eedit

Lord's Cricket Ground

Thir include Green Park, Hyde Park, Kensington Gardens, Regent's Park an St. James's Park. In addition tae pairks an open spaces athin the burggh, the Ceety awns an maintains East Finchley Cemetery an crematorium in the Lunnon Burgh o Barnet.

Transport eedit

Brigs eedit

Thir include Chelsea Bridge, Hungerford Bridge, Grosvenor Bridge, Lambeth Bridge, Vauxhall Bridge, Waterloo Bridge an Westminster Bridge.

National Rail stations eedit

Stations include: Lunnon Charing Cross, Lunnon Marylebone, Lunnon Paddington an Lunnon Victoria thir are aw main Lunnon termini stations.

London Underground eedit

The Ceety o Wastmeenster is served bi 27 tube stations, an 10 o the 11 Unnergrund lines (the Waterloo an City line is the exception).

Electric chairgin pynts eedit

Wastmeenster Ceety Cooncil nou haes electric vehicle chairgin pynts in 15 locations throu the ceety (13 caur pairks an twa on-street pynts). Uisers pey an annual fee tae civer admeenistration costs tae register an uise the pynts.[41]

Road eedit

Motorcyclists are subject tae a motorcycle pairkin chairge that haes caused protest in the borough.

Education eedit

LSE's Old Building entrance

Westminster Childer's Services operates mony community primary and seicontar schuils. In addition, several voluntary-aidit Kirk o Ingland (CE), Roman Catholic (RC), an Christian non-denominational (ND) schuils are in the ceety.[42]

Varsities an colleges eedit

Public libraries eedit

Charing Cross Library

The London Library, an independent lendin leebrar, is locatit at 14 St. James Square in the Ceety o Wastmeenster.[9][43]

The ceety operates ane reference leebrar, the Westminster Reference Library.[44] City-operated public lending libraries in Westminster include the Charing Cross Library,[45] the Kirk Street Library,[46] the Maida Vale Library,[47] the Marylebone Library,[48] the Mayfair Library,[49] the Paddington Library,[50] the Pimlico Library,[51] the Queen's Park Library,[52] St. James's Library,[53] St. John's Wood Library,[54] an the Victoria Library.[55] In addition the ceety haes twa specialist libraries, the Westminster Music Library, the lairgest muisic leebrar in the Unitit Kinrick,[56] an the Westminster Cheenese Library in the Charing Cross Library.[57]

Banksy an offeecial policy towards graffiti eedit

Ane nation under CCTV.[58]

In Apryle 2008 the street airtist Banksy creatit a wirk "One Nation Under CCTV" on the side o the Newman Street Royal Mail biggin in Soho, apparently accomplished bi erectin scaffauldin owernicht unner the direct observation o a CCTV camera. The wirk wis describit bi the Daily Mail as "his biggest wirk yet in central Lunnon".[59] Wastmeenster Ceety Cooncil statit in October 2008 that the wirk wad be paintit ower as it is graffiti. The cooncil explained that it wad remuive ony graffiti, regairdless o the reputation o its creautor, an specifically statit that Banksy "haes nae mair richt tae paint graffiti than a child". Robert Davis, the chairman o the cooncil plannin committee tauld The Times newspaper: "If we condone this then we might as well say that any kid with a spray can is producing art". The wirk wis paintit ower in Aprile 2009.[60][61]

Internaitional relations eedit

Twin Touns - Sister Ceeties eedit

Gallery eedit

See an aa eedit

References eedit

  1. Data Management and Analysis Group, Greater London Authority, Demography Update October 2007, (2007)
  2. City Council Elections 2010 - Results Archived 2010-11-06 at the Wayback Machine at westminster.gov.uk
  3. Previous Elections Archived 2009-09-19 at the Wayback Machine (for by-election results) at westminster.gov.uk
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  5. "London > BAE Systems plc." BAE Systems. Retrieved on 31 August 2011. "BAE Systems plc Address London - Stirling Square Carlton Gardens London SW1Y 5AD United Kingdom "
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  9. a b c d e f g "Maps Archived 2014-02-28 at the Wayback Machine." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 28 August 2009. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Map" defined multiple times wi different content
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  13. "Locations." Economist Group. Retrieved on 12 September 2009. "The Economist Group 25 St James's Street London, SW1A 1HG United Kingdom"
  14. "Kingfisher Group Archived 2011-03-07 at the Wayback Machine." Kingfisher plc. Retrieved on 2 February 2011. "Corporate Responsibility Kingfisher plc 3 Sheldon Square Paddington London W2 6PX."
  15. "United Kingdom Archived 2014-05-07 at the Wayback Machine." SABMiller. Retrieved on 20 October 2009. "SABMiller plc Head office One Stanhope Gate London W1K 1AF England"
  16. "Contact us." British American Tobacco. Retrieved on 15 December 2009.
  17. "Company > Contacts." Marks & Spencer. Retrieved on 21 June 2010.
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  31. Gardner, Charles. British Aircraft Corporation: A History. Batsford, 1981. 40. Retrieved from Google Books on 1 September 2011. "The London headquarters chosen for bac were at 100 Pall Mall - on the top floors of a new concrete box which had sprung up on the site of the old, historic (and bombed) Carlton Club. It was the view of bac that small London headquarters[...]"
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  33. "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 28 September 1967. 530 Archived 2012-07-24 at the Wayback Machine. "Head Office: Portland House, Stag Place, London SW1"
  34. "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 29 March-4 April 1995. 62. "53 Mount Street, London W1Y 5RE, UK"
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  41. Ceety o Wastmeenster: Additional on street chairgin points for electric vehicles
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  59. Article in the Daily Mail 14 April 2008 Retrieved April 22, 2010
  60. Sydney Morning Herald, October 24 2008 Retrieved April 13, 2010
  61. Article in The Independent 24 October 2008 Retrieved April 22, 2010

Freemit airtins eedit

Video clips eedit

Template:Lunnon history

Coordinates: 51°30′N 00°08′W / 51.500°N 0.133°W / 51.500; -0.133