Conservative Pairty (UK)
The Conservative Pairty, offeecially the Conservative an Unionist Pairty, is a centre-richt poleetical pairty in the Unitit Kinrick. The govrening pairty syne 2010, it is the lairgest in the Hoose o Commons, wi 288 Members o Pairlament. It an aw haes 234 members o the Hoose o Lairds, 4 members o the European Pairlament, 31 Members o the Scots Pairlament, 11 members o the Welsh Assemmly, 8 members o the Lunnon Assembly an 7,445 local cooncillors.
|Leader||David Cameron MP|
|Chairman||Laird Feldman o Elstree|
|Deputy Chairman||Robert Halfon MP|
|Lairds Leader||Baroness Stowell o Beeston|
|Precedit bi||Tory Pairty|
|Heidquarters||Conservative Campaign HQ|
4 Matthew Parker Street, London, SW1H 9NP, England
|Youth weeng||Conservative Futur|
|Weemen's wing||Conservative Weemen's Organisation|
|Owerseas weeng||Conservatives Abroad|
|Internaitional affiliation||Internaitional Democrat Union|
|European affiliation||Alliance o European Conservatives an Reformists|
|European Pairlament group||European Conservatives an Reformists|
|Hoose o Commons|
330 / 650
|Hoose o Lairds|
242 / 792
20 / 73
15 / 129
14 / 60
9 / 25
8,779 / 20,565
|Polis an Crime Commissioners|
16 / 41
The Conservative Pairty wis foondit in 1834 frae the Tory Pairty—the Conservatives' colloquial name is "Tories"—an wis ane o twa dominant poleetical pairties in the nineteent century, alang wi the Leeberal Pairty. Unner Benjamin Disraeli it played a preeminent role in politics at the hicht o the Breetish Empire. In 1912, the Leeberal Unionist Pairty merged wi the pairty tae form the Conservative an Unionist Party. In the 1920s, the Labour Pairty surpassed the Leeberals as the Conservatives' main rivals. Conservative Prime Meenisters — notably Winston Churchill an Margaret Thatcher — led govrenments for 57 years o the twentiet century.
Poseetioned on the centre-richt tae richt o Breetish politics, the Conservative Pairty is ideologically conservative. Different factions hae dominatit the pairty at different times, includin ane naition conservatives, Thatcherites, an leeberal conservatives, while its views an policies hae chynged ootthrou its history. The pairty has generally adoptit leeberal economic policies—favourin free mercat economics, leemitin state regulation, an pursuin preevatisation—awtho in the past haes an aw supportit pertectionism. The pairty is Breetish unionist, opponin baith Erse reunification an Welsh an Scots unthirldom, an historically supportit the maintenance o the Breetish Empire. The pairty includes thae wi differin views on the European Union, wi Eurosceptic an pro-European weengs. On social policy, it haes historically taken a mair socially conservative approach, tho this haes recedit ower recent decades. In furrin policy, it favours a strang militar capability, bein supportive o Breetish pairteecipation in NATO.
The Conservatives are a member o the Internaitional Democrat Union an the Alliance o Conservatives an Reformists in Europe, an sit wi the European Conservatives an Reformists (ECR) pairlamentar group. The Scots, Welsh, Northren Erse an Gibraltarian brainches o the pairty are semi-autonomous. Its support base consists primarily o middle-cless voters, especially in rural auries o Ingland, an its domination o Breetish politics ootthrou the twentiet century haes led tae it bein referred tae as ane o the maist successfu poleetical pairties in the Wastren warld.
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