Tory an Unionist Pairty
The Tory an Unionist Pairty (Tory Pairty, Tories, Inglis: Conservative and Unionist Party an the Conservatives) is a centre-richt poleetical pairty in the Unitit Kinrick. The govrening pairty syne 2010, it is the lairgest in the Hoose o Commons, wi 364 Members o Pairlament.
|Leader||Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson|
|Lairds Leader||The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park|
|Precedit bi||Tory Pairty|
|Heidquarters||Conservative Campaign HQ|
4 Matthew Parker Street, London, SW1H 9NP, England
|Internaitional affiliation||Internaitional Democrat Union|
|European affiliation||Alliance o European Conservatives an Reformists|
|European Pairlament group||European Conservatives an Reformists|
The pairty wis foondit in 1834 frae the oreeginal Tory Pairty (1678-1834), an wis ane o twa dominant poleetical pairties in the nineteent century, alang wi the Leeberal Pairty. Unner Benjamin Disraeli it played a preeminent role in politics at the hicht o the Breetish Empire. In 1912, the Leeberal Unionist Pairty merged wi the pairty tae form the Tory an Unionist Pairty. In the 1920s, the Labour Pairty surpassed the Leeberals as the Tories' main rivals. Tory Prime Meenisters — notably Winston Churchill an Margaret Thatcher — led govrenments for 57 year o the twentiet century.
Poseetioned on the centre-richt tae richt o Breetish politics, the Tories are ideologically conservative. Different factions hae dominatit the pairty at different times, includin ane naition conservatives, Thatcherites, an leeberal conservatives, while its views an policies hae chynged ootthrou its history. The pairty has generally adoptit leeberal economic policies—favourin free mercat economics, leemitin state regulation, an pursuin preevatisation—awtho in the past haes an aw supportit pertectionism. The pairty is Breetish unionist, opponin baith Erse reunification an Welsh an Scots unthirldom, an historically supportit the maintenance o the Breetish Empire. On social policy, it haes historically taken a mair socially conservative approach, tho this haes recedit ower recent decades. In furrin policy, it favours a strang militar capability, bein supportive o Breetish pairteecipation in NATO.
The Tories are a member o the Internaitional Democrat Union an the Alliance o Conservatives an Reformists in Europe, an sit wi the European Conservatives an Reformists (ECR) pairlamentar group. The Scots, Welsh, Northren Erse an Gibraltarian brainches o the pairty are semi-autonomous. Its support base consists primarily o middle-cless voters, especially in rural auries o Ingland, an its domination o Breetish politics ootthrou the twentiet century haes led tae it bein referred tae as ane o the maist successfu poleetical pairties in the Wastren warld.
- "Membership of UK political parties - Commons Library Standard Note". UK Parliament.
- Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". parties-and-elections.eu.
- "Competing on the centre right: An examination of party strategy in Britain".
- Steve Coulter (10 April 2011). "Book Review: The Conservative Party from Thatcher to Cameron". Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Philip Johnston (19 April 2016). "The Conservative Party may be destroyed by this European madness". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Andrew Gimson (15 May 2017). "Why the Tories keep winning". New Statesman. Retrieved 18 October 2017.