Roubaix (French: Roubaix, pronoonced French pronunciation: ​[ʀu.bɛ]; Dutch: Robaais, pronoonced Dutch pronunciation: [roʊˈbeɪ]) is an auld industrial ceety in northren Fraunce, at the sooth o the umwhile province o French Flanders, naur tae the mairch wi Belgium. It is an aw a commune in the Nord depairtment. Roubaix is crosst bi the canaul o the same name, wi the ceety o Tourcoing tae its north, an the toun o Leers tae its east.

Roubaix
The ceety haw
The ceety haw
Coat o airms o Roubaix
Coat o airms
Roubaix is locatit in Fraunce
Roubaix
Roubaix
Location within Hauts-de-France region
Roubaix is locatit in Hauts-de-France
Roubaix
Roubaix
Coordinates: 50°41′24″N 3°10′54″E / 50.6901°N 3.18167°E / 50.6901; 3.18167Coordinates: 50°41′24″N 3°10′54″E / 50.6901°N 3.18167°E / 50.6901; 3.18167
KintraFraunce
RegionHauts-de-France
DepairtmentNord
ArrondissementLille
Canton2 cantons
IntercommunalityEuropean Metropolis o Lille
Govrenment
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Guillaume Delbar
Area
1
13.23 km2 (5.11 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)2
95,866
 • Density7,200/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
59512 /59100
Elevation17–52 m (56–171 ft)
(avg. 35 m or 115 ft)
1 French Laund Register data, that excludes lochs, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) an river estuaries. 2 Population withoot dooble coontin: residents o multiple communes (e.g., students an militar personnel) anerly coontit ance.

Wi ower ninety-five thoosand indwallers, Roubaix wis the third-maist populatit ceety o the Hauts-de-France region efter Lille an Amiens in 2013.[1] Thegither wi the ceeties o Lille, Tourcoing, Villeneuve-d'Ascq an aichty-sax ither communes,[2] Roubaix forms the European Metropolis o Lille conurbation aurie populatit bi mair nor 1.1 million fowk.[3][4]

The ceety o Roubaix is maist weil-kent as the steid o the feenish o the Clessic Paris–Roubaix.

HistorieEedit

The steid wis first documentit in 863. It remainit a smaa mercat toun till the nineteent yeirhunder, whan the Industrial Revolution led tae the growthe o the entire aurie. Waxin factories an warkshaps becam employers o monie fowk in Roubaix an the local airt. In 1800, 8,091 indwallers livit in Roubaix; in 1896 the population haed eikit tae 124,661. Durin this stound, the ceety gainit an internaitional staundin for oo an claith production, an becam kent as the "Toun o a thoosand lums" or unner the eik-name o "French Mahnchestur".

Internaitional competeetion in textile gart a dwyne in tradeetional hamelt industries atween the nineteen-seventies an nineteen-aichties. In order tae kemp economic, social an environmental difficulties associatit wi deindustrialisation, maist ceety govrenments hae wirkit tae impruive infrastructur, diversify acteevities, an invest in the airts iver syne.

FowkEedit

Roubaix haes a multicultural identity stemmin frae its sindry fowk's oreegins. Bytimes kent bi thair name in the hamelt variant o the Picard leid, Roubégnos, the ceety's indwallers are referrt tae as Roubaisiens in French an Roubaisians in Inglis.

CulturEedit

Acause its historical an cultural backgrund, the ceety haes been clesst frae its designation as a Ville d'art et d'histoire[note 1] syne December 2000. The Museum o airt an industrie foondit in 2001 unner the name o La Piscine – Musée d'art et d'industrie André Diligent an ither important cultural venues are locatit in Roubaix.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Roubaix is twinnit wi:

Friendly relationshipEedit

Roubaix haes an offeecial friendly relationship wi:

Notes and referencesEedit

NotesEedit

  1. Toun o airt an historie

ReferencesEedit

  1. French 2013 census INSEE - Roubaix
  2. Lecluyse, Frédérick (December 16, 2016). "MEL : on prend les mêmes ou presque et on recommence" [MEL: lat's tak haurdly the same anes an stairt ower]. Nord Éclair (in French). Roubaix, F: La Voix du Nord, S.A. 73 (349, ROUBAIX & SES ALENTOURS): 4. ISSN 1277-1422. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
  3. French 2013 census INSEE - Métropole européenne de Lille
  4. Neveu, Clarisse (December 15, 2016). "Métropole Européenne de Lille : les vice-présidents et conseillers métropolitains délégués élus" [European Metropolis o Lille : electit vice-presidents an metropolitan delegate-councilors]. MEL. Communiqué de presse (in French). Lille, F: Métropole Européenne de Lille. Retrieved 2016-12-18. La fusion, effective au 1er janvier 2017, acte un élargissement historique du territoire de la Métropole Européenne de Lille, passant de 85 à 90 communes pour près d'1.2 million d'habitants.
  5. "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
  6. "Skopje - Twin towns & Sister cities". Official portal of City of Skopje. © Grad Skopje - 2006 - 2013, www.skopje.gov.mk. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2013-10-24. Retrieved 2013-11-04.

Freemit airtinsEedit

  Media relatit tae Roubaix at Wikimedia Commons