Jeddah (whiles spelled Jiddah or Jedda ; Inglis pronunciation: /ˈɛdə/; Arabic: جدةJiddah or Jaddah, IPA: [ˈdʒɪddæ, ˈdʒæddæ]) is a Saudi Arabie ceety locatit on the coast o the Reid Sea an is the major urban centre o wastren Saudi Arabie. It is the lairgest ceety in Makkah Province, the lairgest sea port on the Reid Sea, an the seicont lairgest ceety in Saudi Arabie efter the caipital ceety, Riyadh. The population o the ceety currently stands at ower 3.4 million. It is an important commercial hub in Saudi Arabie.


جدّة Jidda
Jeddah Skyline
Jeddah Skyline
The Bride o the Red Sea
Jeddah is located in Saudi Arabie
Location in the Kinrick o Saudi Arabie
Coordinates: 21°32′36″N 39°10′22″E / 21.54333°N 39.17278°E / 21.54333; 39.17278
KintraFlag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabie
ProvinceMakkah (Mecca)
EstablishedFrae the 6t century BC
Jyned Saudi Arabie1925
 • Ceety MayorHani Abu Ras[1]
 • Ceety GovrenorMish'al Al-Saud
 • Provincial GovrenorKhalid al Faisal
 • Urban
1686 km2 (651 sq mi)
 • Metro
3000 km2 (1,000 sq mi)
12 m (39 ft)
 • Ceety5,112,018
 • Density2921/km2 (1826/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
 Jeddah Ceety estimate
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EAT)
Postal Code
(5 digits)
Area code(s)+966-2
WebsiteJeddah Municipality

Jeddah is the principal gatewey tae Mecca, Islam's holiest ceety, which able-bodied Muslims are required tae veesit at least ance in thair lifetime. It is an aa a gateway tae Medina, the seicont holiest place in Islam.

Jeddah is the maist cosmopolitan an tolerant o aw Saudi Arabie ceeties, hostin expatriates frae aw ower the warld who hae made Jeddah thair hame. Economically, Jeddah is focussin on further developin caipital investment in scienteefic an ingineerin leadership athin Saudi Arabie, an the Middle East.[2] Jeddah wis independently ranked 4t in the Africae / Mid-East region in terms o innovation in 2009 in the Innovation Ceeties Index.[3]

Regionally, Jeddah is a primar resort ceety o the kintra. Jeddah wis namit a seicont-tier beta warld ceety, accordin tae Globalization an Warld Cities Study Group an Network (GaWC).

Sister ceetiesEedit

Jeddah haes 23 sister ceeties (kent as "twin touns" forby):



  1. "Abu Ras promises new Jeddah". 19 August 2010. Archived frae the original on 14 December 2014. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2011.
  2. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 1 Julie 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)