Medina (Inglis pronunciation: /mɛˈdiːnə/; Arabic: المدينة المنورة‎, al-Madīnah l-Munawwarah, “the radiant ceety” (offeecially), or المدينة al-Madīnah; an aa transliteratit as Madinah) is a ceety in the Hejaz region o wastren Saudi Arabie, an serves as the caipital o the Al Madinah Province. It is the seicont holiest ceety in Islam, an the burial place o the Islamic Prophet Muhammad an it is historically significant for being his hame efter the Hijrah.

Medina

المدينة المنورة
Ceety
Al Madinah Al Munawwarah
al-Madinat al-Nabi
Muhammad's tomb is locatit unner the Green Dome o Al-Masjid al-Nabawi.
Muhammad's tomb is locatit unner the Green Dome o Al-Masjid al-Nabawi.
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Coordinates: 24°28′N 39°36′E / 24.467°N 39.600°E / 24.467; 39.600
KintraFlag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabie
ProvinceAl Madinah Province
Govrenment
 • MayorAbdulaziz Bin Majid (عبدالعزيز بن ماجد)
Area
 • Total589 km2 (227 sq mi)
Elevation
608 m (1995 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total1,300,000
Time zoneUTC+3 (Arabie Staundart Time)

The significance o Medina stems frae the presence o the historically significant an auldest mosques in Islam, namely; Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (The Prophet's Mosque), Quba Mosque (the first mosque in Islam's history)[1], an Masjid al-Qiblatain (the mosque whaur the qibla wis switched tae Mecca).

The Islamic calendar is based on the emigration o Muhammad an his follaers tae the ceety o Medina, which marks the stairt o the Hijri year in 622 CE, cawed Hijra (هجرة).

Similarly tae Mecca, entrance tae Medina is restrictit tae Muslims anerlie; non-Muslims are neither permittit tae enter nor travel through the ceety.[2][3] Muslims believe that the latter verses o the Quran wur revealed in Medina an its surroondin ootskirts, cried the medinan suras.[4][5]

ReferencesEedit

  1. http://www.hajinformation.com/main/h2022.htm
  2. Sandra Mackey's accoont o her attempt tae enter Mecca in Mackey, Sandra (1987). The Saudis: Inside the Desert Kingdom. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 63–64. ISBN 0393324176.
  3. Cuddihy, Kathy (2001). An A To Z Of Places And Things Saudi. Stacey International. p. 148. ISBN 1900988402.
  4. Historical value of the Qur'ân and the Ḥadith A.M. Khan
  5. What Everyone Should Know About the Qur'an Ahmed Al-Laithy

Template:Historic Caipitals o the Arab Empire