The Druze ([درزي, derzī or durzī] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help), plural دروز, durūz, Ebreu: דרוזים‎‎ druzim) are an esoteric, monotheistic releegious community, foond primarily in Sirie, Lebanon, Israel, an Jordan, which emerged durin the 11t century frae Ismailism. The Druze hae an eclectic set o beliefs that incorporate several elements frae Aubrahamic releegions, Gnosticism, Neoplatonism an ither philosophies. The Druze caw thairsels Ahl al-Tawhid (Fowk o Unitarianism or Monotheism) or al-Muwaḥḥidūn (Unitarians, Monotheists) – the offeecial name o the sect is al-Muwaḥḥidūn al Dururz (The Unitarian Druze).

Druze دروز
Druze star.svg
Tot population
1,000,000 tae 2,500,000
Regions wi signeeficant populations
Ootside the Middle East100,000
 Unitit States20,000[3]
 Unitit Kinrick<1,000
Unitarian Druze
Qur'an, Rasa'il al-hikmah (Epistles of Wisdom)
Ebreu (in Israel)
French (in Lebanon an Sirie) Spaingie (in Colombie an Venezuela)


The Druze fowk reside primarily in Sirie, Lebanon, an Israel.[5] The Israeli Druze are maistly in Galilee (81%), aroond Haifa (19%), an in the Golan Heights,[6] which is hame tae aboot 20,000 Druze.[7] The Institute o Druze Studies estimates that 40%–50% o Druze live in Sirie, 30%–40% in Lebanon, 6%–7% in Israel, an 1%–2% in Jordan.[8][9]

Lairge communities o expatriate Druze an aw live ootside the Middle East in Australie, Canadae, Europe, Laitin Americae, the Unitit States, an Wast Africae. They uise the Arabic leid an follae a social pattern vera similar tae those o the ither fowks o the eastren Mediterranean region.[10]

The number o Druze fowk warldwide exceeds ane million, wi the vast majority residin in the Levant or East Mediterranean.


  1. a b c "The Economist". 390 (8618–8624). Economist Newspaper Ltd. 2009: 49. Retrieved 14 Apryle 2011. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. US State Department International Religious Freedom Report 2005
  3. Institute of Druze Studies - Druze Traditions
  4. "Druze Population of Australia by Place of Usual Residence (2006)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 Julie 2010.
  5. "Druze". Archived frae the original on 1 October 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  6. "Press Release: The Druze Population of Israel" (DOC). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 23 Apryle 2009. (in Ebreu)
  7. Jordanian Druze can be foond in Amman an Zarka; aboot 50% live in the toun o Azraq, an a smawer number in Irbid an Aqaba. "Localities and Population, by District, Sub-District, Religion and Population Group" (PDF). Statistical Abstract of Palestine 2006. Palestine Central Bureau of Statistics.
  8. Institute of Druze Studies: Druzes
  9. Dana, Nissim (2003). The Druze in the Middle East: Their Faith, Leadership, Identity and Status. Sussex University Press. p. 99. ISBN 1903900360.
  10. Rabah Halabi, Citizens of equal duties—Druze identity and the Jewish State, p. 55 (in Ebreu)