The Druze ([درزي, derzī or durzī] error: {{lang-xx}}: text haes italic markup (help), plural دروز, durūz, Ebreu: דרוזים‎‎ druzim) are an esoteric, monotheistic releegious community, foond primarily in Sirie, Lebanon, Israel, an Jordan, which emerged durin the 11t century frae Ismailism. The Druze hae an eclectic set o beliefs that incorporate several elements frae Aubrahamic releegions, Gnosticism, Neoplatonism an ither philosophies. The Druze caw thairsels Ahl al-Tawhid (Fowk o Unitarianism or Monotheism) or al-Muwaḥḥidūn (Unitarians, Monotheists) – the offeecial name o the sect is al-Muwaḥḥidūn al Dururz (The Unitarian Druze).

Druze دروز
Druze star.svg
Tot population
1,000,000 tae 2,500,000
Regions wi signeeficant populations
 Sirie700,000[1]
 Lebanon400,000[1]
 Israel100,000[1]
 Jordan20,000[2]
Ootside the Middle East100,000
 Unitit States20,000[3]
 Canadae10,000
 Venezuela5,000
 Australie3,000[4]
 Colombie3,000
 Unitit Kinrick<1,000
Releegions
Unitarian Druze
Scripturs
Qur'an, Rasa'il al-hikmah (Epistles of Wisdom)
Leids
Arabic
Inglis
Ebreu (in Israel)
French (in Lebanon an Sirie) Spaingie (in Colombie an Venezuela)

LocationEedit

The Druze fowk reside primarily in Sirie, Lebanon, an Israel.[5] The Israeli Druze are maistly in Galilee (81%), aroond Haifa (19%), an in the Golan Heights,[6] which is hame tae aboot 20,000 Druze.[7] The Institute o Druze Studies estimates that 40%–50% o Druze live in Sirie, 30%–40% in Lebanon, 6%–7% in Israel, an 1%–2% in Jordan.[8][9]

Lairge communities o expatriate Druze an aw live ootside the Middle East in Australie, Canadae, Europe, Laitin Americae, the Unitit States, an Wast Africae. They uise the Arabic leid an follae a social pattern vera similar tae those o the ither fowks o the eastren Mediterranean region.[10]

The number o Druze fowk warldwide exceeds ane million, wi the vast majority residin in the Levant or East Mediterranean.

NotesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "The Economist". 390 (8618–8624). Economist Newspaper Ltd. 2009: 49. Retrieved 14 April 2011. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. US State Department International Religious Freedom Report 2005
  3. Institute of Druze Studies - Druze Traditions
  4. "Druze Population of Australia by Place of Usual Residence (2006)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  5. Druze
  6. "Press Release: The Druze Population of Israel" (DOC). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2009-04-23. (in Ebreu)
  7. Jordanian Druze can be foond in Amman an Zarka; aboot 50% live in the toun o Azraq, an a smawer number in Irbid an Aqaba. "Localities and Population, by District, Sub-District, Religion and Population Group" (PDF). Statistical Abstract of Palestine 2006. Palestine Central Bureau of Statistics.
  8. Institute of Druze Studies: Druzes
  9. Dana, Nissim (2003). The Druze in the Middle East: Their Faith, Leadership, Identity and Status. Sussex University Press. p. 99. ISBN 1903900360.
  10. Rabah Halabi, Citizens of equal duties—Druze identity and the Jewish State, p. 55 (in Ebreu)