The Levant (/ləˈvænt/; Arabic: المشرق /ʔal-maʃriq/[1][5][6][7][8][9][10]) is an approximate heestorical geografical term referrin tae a muckle aurie in the eastren Mediterranean.

  Kintras o the Levant in the broad, heestoric meanin (equivalent tae the eastren Mediterranean)
  Kintras o the Levant in 20t century uisage (equivalent tae Sirie-Palestine)
  Kintras an regions sometimes includit in the modren defineetion
Kintras an regions Cyprus
(Hatay Province)
LeidsLevantine Arabic, Ebreu, Aramaic, Armenie, Circassian, Greek, Kurdish, Ladino, Turkis
Time ZonesUTC+02:00 (EET) (Turkey an Cyprus)


  1. a b c The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome, Volume 1, p247, "Levant"
  2. Microsoft Encarta (2009) "Levant"
  3. Oxford Dictionaries Online. "Levant." Oxford University Press. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  4. Population foond bi addin aw the kintras' populations (Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Sirie, Palestine an Hatay Province)
  5. Naim, Samia, Dialects of the Levant, in Weninger, Stefan et al. (eds.), The Semitic Languages: An International Handbook, Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter (2011), p. 921
  6. Amy Chua (2004), World on Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability p. 212
  7. Mandyam Srinivasan, Theodore Stank, Philippe-Pierre Dornier, Kenneth Petersen (2014), Global Supply Chains: Evaluating Regions on an EPIC Framework – Economy, Politics, Infrastructure, and Competence: “EPIC” Structure – Economy, Politics, Infrastructure, and Competence, p. 3
  8. Ayubi, Nazih N. (1996), Over-stating the Arab State: Politics and Society in the Middle East p. 108
  9. David Thomas, Alexander Mallett (2012), Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History. Volume 4 (1200-1350), p. 145
  10. Jeff Lesser (1999), Negotiating National Identity: Immigrants, Minorities, and the Struggle for Ethnicity in Brazil p. 45