Arizona (Listeni/ˌærˈznə/; Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo [xòːztò xɑ̀xòːtsò]; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak [ˡaɺi ˡʂonak]) is a U.S. state in the soothwastren region o the Unitit States. It is an aw pairt o the Wastren an the Moontain states. It is the saxt lairgest an the 14t maist populous o the 50 states. Its caipital an lairgest ceety is Phoenix. Arizona is ane o the Fower Corners states. Arizona is mairchit bi New Mexico tae the east, Utah tae the north, Nevada an Californie tae the wast, an Mexico tae the sooth, as weel as the soothwastren corner o Colorado. Arizona's mairch wi Mexico is 389 mile (626 km) lang, on the northren border o the Mexican states o Sonora an Baja California.

State of Arizona
The Grand Canyon State;
The Copper State;
The Valentine State
Ditat Deus (God enriches)
Anthem: "The Arizona March Song" an "Arizona"
Map o the Unitit States wi Arizona hielichted
Map o the Unitit States wi Arizona hielichted
KintraUnitit States
Afore stateheidArizona Territory
Admittit tae the Union14 Februar 1912 (48t)
(an lairgest ceety)
Lairgest ceetycaipital
Lairgest metroGreater Phoenix
 • GovrenorDoug Ducey (R)
 • Secretar o StateKatie Hobbs (D)
LegislaturArizona Legislatur
 • Upper hooseSenate
 • Lawer hooseHoose o Representatives
JudiciarArizona Supreme Coort
U.S. senatorsKyrsten Sinema (D)
Martha McSally (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation5 Democrats
4 Republicans (leet)
 • Total295,234 km2 (113,990[1] sq mi)
Area rank6t
 • Length645 km (400 mi)
 • Width500 km (310 mi)
1250 m (4,100 ft)
Highest elevation3852 m (12,637 ft)
Lowest elevation
(Colorado River at the Sonora mairch[3][4])
22 m (72 ft)
 • Total7,278,717
 • Rank14t
 • Density22/km2 (57/sq mi)
 • Density rank33rd
 • Median hooseaud income
 • Income rank
 • Offeecial leidInglis
 • Spoken leidAs o 2010
Time zones
Maist o stateUTC−07:00 (Muntain)
Navajo NationUTC−07:00 (Muntain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-AZ
Trad. abbreviationAriz.
Latitude31°20′ N to 37° N
Longitude109°03′ W to 114°49′ W

Arizona is the 48t state an last o the contiguous states ae be admittit tae the Union, achievin stateheid on 14 Februar 1912, coincidin wi Valentine's Day. Historically pairt o the territory o Alta California in New Spain, it becam pairt o independent Mexico in 1821. Efter bein defeatit in the Mexican–American War, Mexico cedit muckle o this territory tae the Unitit States in 1848. The soothrenmost portion o the state wis acquired in 1853 throu the Gadsden Purchase.

Soothren Arizona is kent for its desert climate, wi verra het simmers an mild winters. Northren Arizona featurs forests o pine, Douglas fir, an spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; some moontain ranges (sic as the San Francisco Moontains); as weel as lairge, deep canyons, wi muckle mair moderate simmer temperaturs an signeeficant winter snawfaws. Thare are ski resorts in the auries o Flagstaff, Alpine, an Tucson. In addeetion tae the Grand Canyon Naitional Pairk, thare are several national forests, naitional pairks, an naitional monuments.

Aboot ane-quarter o the state[7] is made up o Indie reservations that serve as the hame o 27 federally recognised Native American tribes, includin the Navajo Naition, the lairgest in the state an the Unitit States, wi mair nor 300,000 ceetizens. Awtho federal law gae aw Native Americans the richt tae vote in 1924, Arizona excludit thae leevin on reservations frae votin till its state Supreme Coort ruled in 1948 in favour o Native American plaintiffs.[8][9]

References eedit

  1. "2010 Census State Area Measurements and Internal Point Coordinates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  2. "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  3. a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  4. a b Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived frae the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  6. "Arizona—Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". 25 Apryle 2007. Archived frae the original on 12 Januar 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  7. All about Arizona. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  8. Dr. Dean Chavers, "History of Indian voting rights and why it's important" Archived 2016-07-07 at the Wayback Machine, Indian Country Today, 29 October 2012; accessed 17 Julie 2016. See Trujillo v. Garley (1948)
  9. Harrison v. Laveen, July 1948 Archived 2016-08-17 at the Wayback Machine, Arizona Supreme Court

Coordinates: 34°N 112°W / 34°N 112°W / 34; -112