Arizona (Listeni/ˌærˈznə/; Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo [xòːztò xɑ̀xòːtsò]; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak [ˡaɺi ˡʂonak]) is a U.S. state in the soothwastren region o the Unitit States. It is an aw pairt o the Wastren an the Moontain states. It is the saxt lairgest an the 14t maist populous o the 50 states. Its caipital an lairgest ceety is Phoenix. Arizona is ane o the Fower Corners states. Arizona is mairchit bi New Mexico tae the east, Utah tae the north, Nevada an Californie tae the wast, an Mexico tae the sooth, as weel as the soothwastren corner o Colorado. Arizona's mairch wi Mexico is 389 miles (626 km) lang, on the northren border o the Mexican states o Sonora an Baja California.

State of Arizona
Banner o Arizona State seal o Arizona
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Grand Canyon State;
The Copper State
Motto(s): Ditat Deus
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Arizona heichlichtit
Offeecial leidInglis
Spoken leidsEnglish 72.58%[1]
Spanish 21.57%[1]
Navajo 1.54%[1]
(an lairgest ceety)
Lairgest metroPhoenix Metropolitan Aurie
AurieRanked 6t
 • Tot113,990[3] sq mi
(295,234 km2)
 • Width310 miles (500 km)
 • Lenth400 miles (645 km)
 • % watter0.35
 • Latitude31°  20′ North tae 37° North
 • Longitude109°  03′ Wast tae 114°  49′ Wast
PopulationRanked 16t
 • Tot6,482,505 (2011 est)[4]
 • Density57/sq mi  (22/km2)
Ranked 33rd
 • Heichest pyntHumphreys Peak[5][6][7]
12,637 ft (3852 m)
 • Mean4,100 ft  (1250 m)
 • Lawest pyntColorado River at the Sonora border[6][7]
72 ft (22 m)
Admission to Union14 Februar 1912 (48t)
GovrenorDoug Ducey (R)
Secretary o StateKen Bennett (R)
LegislaturArizona Legislature
 • Upper hooseSenate
 • Lawer hooseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsVacant
Jeff Flake (R)
U.S. Hoose delegationFive Republicans and three Democrats (leet)
Time zones 
 • Maist o stateMountain: UTC-7
 • Navajo NationMuntain: UTC-7/-6
AbbreviationsAZ, Ariz.

Arizona is the 48t state an last o the contiguous states ae be admittit tae the Union, achievin stateheid on 14 Februar 1912, coincidin wi Valentine's Day. Historically pairt o the territory o Alta California in New Spain, it becam pairt o independent Mexico in 1821. Efter bein defeatit in the Mexican–American War, Mexico cedit muckle o this territory tae the Unitit States in 1848. The soothrenmost portion o the state wis acquired in 1853 throu the Gadsden Purchase.

Soothren Arizona is kent for its desert climate, wi verra het simmers an mild winters. Northren Arizona featurs forests o pine, Douglas fir, an spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; some moontain ranges (sic as the San Francisco Moontains); as weel as lairge, deep canyons, wi muckle mair moderate simmer temperaturs an signeeficant winter snawfaws. Thare are ski resorts in the auries o Flagstaff, Alpine, an Tucson. In addeetion tae the Grand Canyon Naitional Pairk, thare are several national forests, naitional pairks, an naitional monuments.

Aboot ane-quarter o the state[8] is made up o Indie reservations that serve as the hame o 27 federally recognised Native American tribes, includin the Navajo Naition, the lairgest in the state an the Unitit States, wi mair nor 300,000 ceetizens. Awtho federal law gae aw Native Americans the richt tae vote in 1924, Arizona excludit thae leevin on reservations frae votin till its state Supreme Coort ruled in 1948 in favour o Native American plaintiffs.[9][10]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2005 American Community Survey. Retrieved from the data of the MLA, 2010-07-13
  2. "Arizona – Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
  3. "2010 Census State Area Measurements and Internal Point Coordinates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  5. "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. All about Arizona. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  9. Dr. Dean Chavers, "History of Indian voting rights and why it's important", Indian Country Today, 29 October 2012; accessed 17 Julie 2016. See Trujillo v. Garley (1948)
  10. Harrison v. Laveen, July 1948, Arizona Supreme Court

Coordinates: 34°N 112°W / 34°N 112°W / 34; -112