UEFA Super Cup
The UEFA Super Cup is a annual fitbaa match organisit bi UEFA an contestit bi the reignin champions o the twa main European club competeetions, the UEFA Champions League an the UEFA Europa League. It taks place at the stairt o the domestic saison, in August, normally on a Friday.
(recognisit bi UEFA syne 1973)
|Nummer o teams||2|
|Current champions||FC Barcelona (5t title)|
|Maist successfu club(s)|| Milan|
FC Barcelona (5 titles)
|2014 UEFA Super Cup|
Frae 1972 tae 1999, the UEFA Super Cup wis contestit atween the winners o the European Cup/UEFA Champions League an the winners o the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. Efter the discontinuation o the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, it haes been contestit bi the winners o the UEFA Champions League an the winners o the UEFA Cup, which wis renamit the UEFA Europa League in 2009.
The European Super Cup wis creatit in 1971 bi Anton Witkamp, a reporter an later sports editor o Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf. The idea came tae him in a time when Dutch total fitbaa wis Europe's finest an Dutch fitbaa clubs wur livin thair gowden era (especially Ajax). Witkamp wis leukin for something new tae definitely decide which wis the best team in Europe an tae faur test Ajax's legendar team an aw, led bi thair starn player Johan Cruyff. It wis then proposed that the winner o the European Cup wad face the winner o the Cup Winners' Cup.
Aw wis set for a new competeetion tae be born. Houiver, when Witkamp tried tae get an offeecial endorsement tae his competeetion, the UEFA preses turned it doun.
The 1972 feenal atween Dutch team Ajax an Scotland's Rangers is considered unoffeecial bi UEFA, as Rangers wur banned frae European competeetion due tae the behaviour o thair fans durin the 1972 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Feenal. As a result, UEFA refused tae endorse the competeetion till the follaein saison. It wis played in twa legs an wis financially supportit bi Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf. Ajax defeatit Rangers 6–3 on aggregate an wan the first (albeit unoffeecial) European Super Cup.
Awtho the twa-leggit format wis kept till 1997, the Super Cup wis decidit in ane single match acause o schedule issues or poleetical problems in 1984, 1986, an 1991. In 1974, 1981 an 1985, the Super Cup wis no played at aw.
Efter the 1998–1999 saison, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup wis discontinued bi UEFA. The 1999 UEFA Super Cup wis the last Super Cup contestit bi the winners o the Cup Winners' Cup. Lazio, winners o the 1998–99 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeatit Manchester United, winners o the 1998–99 UEFA Champions League, 1–0.
Syne then, the UEFA Super Cup wis contestit atween the winners o the UEFA Champions League an the winners o the UEFA Cup. The 2000 UEFA Super Cup wis the first Super Cup contestit bi the winners o the UEFA Cup. Galatasaray, winners o the 1999–2000 UEFA Cup, defeatit Real Madrid, winners o the 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League, 2–1.
Tae date, Chelsea is the anerly club tae contest the Super Cup as haulders o aw three UEFA club honours, haein entered as haulders o the Cup Winners' Cup (1998), the Champions League (2012) an Europa League (2013).
Efter 15 consecutive Super Cups bein played at Stade Louis II in Monaco atween 1998 an 2012, frae 2013 onwairds, the Super Cup wis played at various stadiums (seemilar tae the feenals o the Champions League an the Europa League), stairtin wi the 2013 UEFA Super Cup, which wis played at Eden Stadium in Prague, Czech Republic.
The competeetion wis oreeginally played ower twa legs, ane at each pairticipatin club's stadium, except in exceptional circumstances; for instance in 1991 when Reid Starn Belgrade wur no permittit tae play a seicont leg in thair native Yugoslavie due tae the war which wis takkin place at the time. Syne 1998, the Super Cup wis played as a single match at a neutral venue. Atween 1998 an 2012, the Super Cup wis played at the Stade Louis II in Monaco. Frae 2013 onwairds, various stadiums will be uised.
Leet o venues syne 1998Edit
The UEFA Super Cup trophy is retained bi UEFA at aw times. A full-size replica trophy is awairdit tae the winnin club. Thirty gowd medals are presentit tae the winnin club an thirty siller medals tae the runners-up.
The UEFA Super Cup trophy haes unnergane several chynges in its history. The first trophy that wis presentit tae Ajax in 1973 an 1974 wis extremely lairge; in fact, it wis bigger than the European Cup. This wis replacit bi a plaque wi a gowd UEFA Emblem. The next trophy wis the smawest an lichtest o aw the European club trophies, wichin 5 kg an measurin 42.5 cm in hicht (the UEFA Champions League trophy wichs 8 kg an the UEFA Europa League trophy 15 kg). The new model wichs 12.2 kg an measurs 58 cm in hicht.
A team which wins 3 times in a row or 5 in total, receives a oreeginal copy o the trophy an a special merk o recogneetion. Anerly Milan haes achievit this honour sae far, winnin the trophy a total o 5 times, aye takkin pairt as Champions League Winner.
Currently, the rules o the UEFA Super Cup are the same as ony ither UEFA club competeetion. It is a single match feenal, contestit in a neutral venue. The match consists o twa periods o 45 minutes each, kent as halves. If the scores are level at the end o 90 minutes, twa addeetional 15-minute periods o extra time are played. If thare is nae winner at the end o the seicont period o extra time, a penalty shuit-oot determines the winner. Each team names 18 players, 11 o which stairt the match. O the 7 remainin players, a total o 3 mey be substitutit throuoot the match. Each team mey wear its first choice kit; if thir clash, housomeivver, the previous year's Europa League winnin team must wear a alternative colour. If a club refuses tae play or is ineligible tae play then thay are replacit bi the seicont feenalist frae the competeetion throu which thay qualifee'd. If the field is unfit for play due tae bad wather, the match must be played the next day.
UEFA Super Cup's sponsors are the same as the sponsors for the UEFA Champions League. The toornament's current main sponsors are:
- Sony Computer Entertainment Europe
- PlayStation is the buist advertisit.
Adidas is a seicontar sponsor an supplees the offeecial match baw an referee uniform, as thay dae for aw ither UEFA competitions. Konami's Pro Evolution Soccer is a seicontar sponsor as the offeecial Super Cup video gemme an aw.
Individual clubs mey wear jerseys wi advertisin, even if sic sponsors conflict wi thae o the Europa League; housomeivver, anerly ane sponsorship is permittit per jersey (plus that o the manufacturer). Exceptions are made for nan-profit organisations, which can featur on the front o the sark, incorporatit wi the main sponsor, or on the back, aither belaw the squad nummer or atween the player name an the collar.
60% o the AS Monaco stadium capacity is reservit for the visitin clubs. Seats are reservit for VIP guests an aw. The remainin seats are sauld bi UEFA throu a online auction. Thare are a unlimitit nummer o applications for tickets gien oot. The 5 euro admeenistration fee is deductit frae each applicant an thare is nae leemit tae the nummer o applications each individual can mak.
Records an statisticsEdit
See an awEdit
- "UEFA Super Cup - History". UEFA. 13 Julie 2005. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2008.
- "Dynamo bring happy memories". BBC Sport. 16 October 2001. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2008.
- Prague celebrates 2013 Super Cup honour
- "UEFA Super Cup: Competition format". UEFA. 31 August 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
- "Wembley, Amsterdam ArenA, Prague get 2013 finals". UEFA.com. 16 Juin 2011.
- "UEFA EURO 2020, UEFA Super Cup decisions". UEFA.com. 30 Juin 2012.
- "Regulations of the UEFA Super Cup" (PDF). UEFA. Mairch 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2008.
- "The trophy". UEFA. Retrieved 2 August 2009.
- "Regulations of the UEFA Super Cup 2009, Page 3, III Trophies and Medals, Article 4, Trophy" (PDF). UEFA. Retrieved 2 August 2009.
- "UEFA Champions League revenue distribution". uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae UEFA Super Cup.|