The UEFA Super Cup is a annual fitbaa match organisit bi UEFA an contestit bi the reignin champions o the twa main European club competeetions, the UEFA Champions League an the UEFA Europa League. It taks place at the stairt o the domestic saison, in August, normally on a Friday.

UEFA Super Cup
Foondit1972
(recognisit bi UEFA syne 1973)
RegionEurope (UEFA)
Nummer o teams2
Current championsSpain FC Barcelona (5t title)
Maist successfu club(s)Italy Milan
Spain FC Barcelona (5 titles)
WabsteidOffeecial Wabsteid
2014 UEFA Super Cup

Frae 1972 tae 1999, the UEFA Super Cup wis contestit atween the winners o the European Cup/UEFA Champions League an the winners o the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. Efter the discontinuation o the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, it haes been contestit bi the winners o the UEFA Champions League an the winners o the UEFA Cup, which wis renamit the UEFA Europa League in 2009.

HistoryEedit

The European Super Cup wis creatit in 1971 bi Anton Witkamp, a reporter an later sports editor o Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf. The idea came tae him in a time when Dutch total fitbaa wis Europe's finest an Dutch fitbaa clubs wur livin their gowden era (especially Ajax). Witkamp was leukin for something new tae definitely decide which wis the best team in Europe an tae further test Ajax's legendar team an aw, led bi their starn player Johan Cruyff. It was then proposed that the winner of the European Cup would face the winner of the Cup Winners' Cup.

All was set for a new competition to be born. However, when Witkamp tried to get an official endorsement to his competition, the UEFA president turned it down.

The 1972 feenal atween Dutch team Ajax an Scotland's Rangers is considered unoffeecial bi UEFA,[1] as Rangers wur banned frae European competeetion due tae the behaviour o their fans durin the 1972 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Feenal. As a result, UEFA refused tae endorse the competeetion till the follaein saison.[2] It wis played in twa legs an wis financially supportit bi Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf. Ajax defeatit Rangers 6–3 on aggregate an wan the first (albeit unoffeecial) European Super Cup.

The 1973 feenal, in which Ajax defeatit Milan 6–1 on aggregate, wis the first Super Cup offeecially recognisit an supportit bi UEFA.

Awtho the twa-leggit format wis kept till 1997, the Super Cup wis decidit in one single match acause o schedule issues or poleetical problems in 1984, 1986, an 1991. In 1974, 1981 an 1985, the Super Cup wis no played at aw.

In the 1992–1993 saison, the European Cup wis renamit the UEFA Champions League an the winners o this competeetion wad face the winners o the European Cup Winners' Cup in the UEFA Super Cup.

In the 1994–1995 saison, the European Cup Winners' Cup wis renamit the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup.

Efter the 1998–1999 saison, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup wis discontinued bi UEFA. The 1999 UEFA Super Cup was the last Super Cup contestit bi the winners o the Cup Winners' Cup. Lazio, winners o the 1998–99 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeatit Manchester United, winners o the 1998–99 UEFA Champions League, 1–0.

Syne then, the UEFA Super Cup wis contestit atween the winners o the UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup. The 2000 UEFA Super Cup wis the first Super Cup contestit bi the winners of the UEFA Cup. Galatasaray, winners o the 1999–2000 UEFA Cup, defeatit Real Madrid, winners o the 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League, 2–1.

In the 2009–2010 saison, the UEFA Cup wis renamit the UEFA Europa League an the winners o this competeetion wad face the winners o the UEFA Champions League in the UEFA Super Cup.

Tae date, Chelsea is the anerly club tae contest the Super Cup as haulders o aw three UEFA club honours, haein entered as haulders o the Cup Winners' Cup (1998), the Champions League (2012) an Europa League (2013).

Efter 15 consecutive Super Cups bein played at Stade Louis II in Monaco atween 1998 an 2012, frae 2013 onwairds, the Super Cup wis played at various stadiums (similar tae the feenals o the Champions League an the Europa League), stairtin wi the 2013 UEFA Super Cup, which wis played at Eden Stadium in Prague, Czech Republic.[3]

VenueEedit

The competition wis oreeginally played ower twa legs, ane at each pairticipatin club's stadium, except in exceptional circumstances; for instance in 1991 when Reid Starn Belgrade wur no permittit tae play a seicont leg in their native Yugoslavie due tae the war which wis takkin place at the time. Syne 1998, the Super Cup wis played as a single match at a neutral venue.[4] Atween 1998 an 2012, the Super Cup wis played at the Stade Louis II in Monaco. Frae 2013 onwairds, various stadiums will be uised.

Leet o venues syne 1998Eedit

TrophyEedit

The UEFA Super Cup trophy is retained bi UEFA at aw times. A full-size replica trophy is awairdit tae the winnin club. Thirty gowd medals are presentit tae the winnin club an thirty siller medals tae the runners-up.[7]

The UEFA Super Cup trophy haes unnergane several chynges in its history. The first trophy that wis presentit tae Ajax in 1973 an 1974 wis extremely lairge; in fact, it wis bigger than the European Cup. This wis replacit bi a plaque wi a gowd UEFA Emblem. The next trophy wis the smawest an lichtest o aw the European club trophies, wichin 5 kg an measurin 42.5 cm in hicht (the UEFA Champions League trophy wichs 8 kg an the UEFA Europa League trophy 15 kg). The new model wichs 12.2 kg an measurs 58 cm in hicht.[8]

A team which wins 3 times in a row or 5 in total, receives a oreeginal copy o the trophy an a special mark o recogneetion. Anerly Milan haes achievit this honour so far, winnin the trophy a total o 5 times, aye takkin pairt as Champions League Winner.[9]

RulesEedit

Currently, the rules o the UEFA Super Cup are the same as ony ither UEFA club competition. It is a single match feenal, contestit in a neutral venue. The match consists o twa periods o 45 minutes each, kent as halves. If the scores are level at the end o 90 minutes, twa addeetional 15-minute periods o extra time are played. If thare is nae winner at the end o the seicont period o extra time, a penalty shuit-oot determines the winner. Each team names 18 players, 11 o which stairt the match. O the 7 remainin players, a total o 3 mey be substitutit throuoot the match. Each team mey wear its first choice kit; if these clash, housomeivver, the previous year's Europa League winnin team must wear a alternative colour. If a club refuses tae play or is ineligible tae play then they are replacit bi the seicont feenalist frae the competeetion throu which they qualifee'd. If the field is unfit for play due tae bad weather, the match must be played the next day.[7]

SponsorshipEedit

UEFA Super Cup's sponsors are the same as the sponsors for the UEFA Champions League. The toornament's current main sponsors are:

Adidas is a seicontar sponsor an supplees the offeecial match baw an referee uniform, as they dae for aw ither UEFA competitions. Konami's Pro Evolution Soccer is a seicontar sponsor as the offeecial Super Cup video gemme an aw.

Individual clubs mey wear jerseys wi advertisin, even if such sponsors conflict wi those o the Europa League; housomeivver, anerly ane sponsorship is permittit per jersey (plus that o the manufacturer). Exceptions are made for nan-profit organisations, which can featur on the front o the shirt, incorporatit wi the main sponsor, or on the back, either belaw the squad number or atween the player name and the collar.

Prize moneyEedit

As o 2012, UEFA awairds 2.2 million tae the runners-up an €3 million tae the winners o the Super Cup.[10]

TicketsEedit

60% o the AS Monaco stadium capacity is reservit for the visitin clubs. Seats are reservit for VIP guests an aw. The remainin seats are sauld bi UEFA throu a online auction. Thare are a unlimitit nummer o applications for tickets gien oot. The 5 euro admeenistration fee is deductit frae each applicant an thare is nae limit tae the nummer o applications each individual can mak.[11]

Records an statisticsEedit

WinnersEedit

Club Winners Runners-up Years wan Years runners-up
  Barcelona 5 4 1992, 1997, 2009, 2011, 2015 1979, 1982, 1989, 2006
  Milan 5 2 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007 1973, 1993
  Liverpool 3 2 1977, 2001, 2005 1978, 1984
  Real Madrid 2 2 2002, 2014 1998, 2000
  Ajax 2[A] 1 1973, 1995 1987
  Anderlecht 2 0 1976, 1978
  Juventus 2 0 1984, 1996
  Valencia 2 0 1980, 2004
  Atlético Madrid 2 0 2010, 2012
  Porto 1 3 1987 2003, 2004, 2011
  Sevilla 1 3 2006 2007, 2014, 2015
  Bayern Munich 1 3 2013 1975, 1976, 2001
  Manchester United 1 2 1991 1999, 2008
  Chelsea 1 2 1998 2012, 2013
  Dynamo Kyiv 1 1 1975 1986
  Nottingham Forest 1 1 1979 1980
  Aston Villa 1 0 1982
  Aberdeen 1 0 1983
  Steaua București 1 0 1986
  Mechelen 1 0 1988
  Parma 1 0 1993
  Lazio 1 0 1999
  Galatasaray 1 0 2000
  Zenit St. Petersburg 1 0 2008
  Hamburg 0 2 1977,1983
  PSV Eindhoven 0 1 1988
  Sampdoria 0 1 1990
  Crvena Zvezda 0 1 1991
  Werder Bremen 0 1 1992
  Arsenal 0 1 1994
  Real Zaragoza 0 1 1995
  Paris Saint-Germain 0 1 1996
  Borussia Dortmund 0 1 1997
  Feyenoord 0 1 2002
  CSKA Moscow 0 1 2005
  Shakhtar Donetsk 0 1 2009
  Internazionale 0 1 2010

NotesEedit

  • A. ^ The 1972 feenal is no recognisit bi UEFA as a offeecial title.[1]

See an awEedit

ReferencesEedit

General
  • "History of the UEFA Supercup". UEFA. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
Specific

Freemit airtinsEedit