Mainlaund Cheenae

Mainlaund Cheenae, an aw kent as the Cheenese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical aurie unner the direct jurisdiction of the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (PRC). It includes Hainan island an strictly speakin, politically, daes nae include the special admeenistrative regions of Hong Kong an Macau, even tho baith are partially on the geographic mainland (continental landmass). The term "mainlaund Cheenae" wis coined[citation needit] bi the Kuomintang (KMT Party) efter receiving control of Taiwan frae Japan efter World War II. Bi 1949, the KMT-led Republic of China (ROC) govrenment wis defeatit in the Cheenese Ceevil War an fled tae the island of Taiwan whaur the KMT pledged tae "retake the Mainlaund". The KMT considers baith sides of the Taiwan Strait (includin Taiwan), as ane naition, whauras Taiwan's Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) considers anly mainlaund Cheenae as Cheenae, an Taiwan as a separate entity an kintra.[citation needit]

Mainlaund Cheenae
The highlighted orange area in the map is what is commonly known as "mainland China".
Semplifeed Cheenese中国大陆
Tradeetional Cheenese中國大陸
Leeteral meaninContinental China
Alternative Cheenese name
Semplifeed Cheenese
Tradeetional Cheenese
Leeteral meaninInland

Thare are twa terms in Cheenese for "mainlaund":

  • Dàlù (大陆; 大陸), which means "the continent", an
  • Nèidì (内地; 內地), literally "inlaund" or "inner laund".

In the PRC, the uisage of the twa terms are strictly speakin nae interchangeable. Tae emphasize "equal footing" in Cross-Strait relations, the term must be uised in offeecial contexts wi reference tae Taiwan, wi the PRC referring tae itself as "the mainlaund side" (as opposed tae "the Taiwan side"). But in its relations wi Hong Kong an Macau, the PRC govrenment refers tae itself as "the Central People's Government", an Mainlaund Cheenae excluding Hong Kong an Macau is referred as Nèidì.

"Mainlaund" area is the opposing term tae "free area of the Republic of Cheenae" uised in the ROC Constitution (as amended in Apryle 2000). It treats the "mainlaund" as pairt of ROC's territory despite the lack of effective control.[1]