Herzliya

Herzliya (Ebreu: הֶרְצְלִיָּה‬) is a ceety in the central coast o Israel, at the wastren pairt o the Tel Aviv Destrict. In 2015 it haed a population o 91,926. Named efter Theodor Herzl, the foonder o modren Zionism, Herzliya covers an aurie o 26 km². At its wastren municipal boondaries is Herzliya Pituah, ane o Israel's maist affluent destricts, hame tae ambassadors, foreign diplomats an businessmen.

Herzliya

  • הֶרְצְלִיָּה
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • ISO 259Herçliya
 • Transleet.Hertzliya
 • An aa spelledHerzliya (offeecial)
Banner o Herzliya
Banner
Official logo of Herzliya
Emblem of Herzliya
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Coordinates: 32°09′55″N 34°50′45″E / 32.16528°N 34.84583°E / 32.16528; 34.84583Coordinates: 32°09′55″N 34°50′45″E / 32.16528°N 34.84583°E / 32.16528; 34.84583
Destrict Tel Aviv
Foondit1924
Govrenment
 • TeepCeety
 • MayorYael German
Area
 • Total21.585 km2 (8.334 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)[1]
 • Total91,926
 • Density4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Name meaninnamit for Theodor Herzl

HistoryEdit

 
Herzliya Pituah neighborhuid
 
Ben-Gurion Street

Herzliya, named efter Theodor Herzl,[2] wis foondit in 1924 as a semi-cooperative farmin community (moshava) wi a mixed population o new immigrants an veteran residents. Efter the establishment o the state in 1948, lairge numbers o immigrants settled there. In 1960, when the population reached 25,000, Herzliya wis declared a ceety.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics, residents o Herzliya are amang the wealthiest in Israel. In 2003–2005, average monthly salaries wur NIS 8,211, or aboot NIS 1,500 abuin average in a survey o Israel's 15 lairgest ceeties. Housomeivver, there is a lairge gap atween the ceety's seiven wirkin class neighborhuids, amang them Yad Tisha, Neve Yisrael an Neve Amal, an upscale Herzliya Pituah. The population is aulder than that o ither ceeties in the Sharon region: 18% are unner 14 year auld, compared tae a naitional average o 27.5%.[2]

Education an culturEdit

 
Herzliya ensemble concert hall

In a quality o life survey in 2008, Herzliya ranked seicont heichest amang Israel's 15 lairgest ceeties. Investment in education wis heicher than aw ither ceeties in the survey an mair hie schuil students wur eligible for a bagrut matriculation certificate.[2] The Herzliya Interdisciplinary Center is a private college that affers unnergraduate an graduate degrees in govrenment, business administration, law, computer science an ither academic disciplines.[4]

 
Herzliya Marina

Israel's lairgest telly an film studio, Herzliya Studios (Ulpanei Herzliya), is locatit in Herzliya. The Herzliya Marina wis built in the 1970s. The ceety haes a sma airport (code: HRZ), three shopping malls (Arena Mall, Seven Stars Mall an the Outlet), movie theaters, museums, cultural centers an a stadium. In 2008, the Herzliya Cinematheque opened in the dountoun aurie o the ceety.[5]

Local govrenmentEdit

In a 2008 survey o 15 Israeli ceeties, Herzliya ranked seicont in fiscal management. The Herzliya municipality endit 2006 wi a sizeable budget surplus.[2]

MayorsEdit

 
Auld ceety hall

SportsEdit

The ceety haes twa football clubs, Maccabi Herzliya an Hapoel Herzliya, baith o which are based at the 7,100-capacity Herzliya Municipal Stadium. Baith teams currently play in Liga Leumit. The Bnei HaSharon basketbaw club plays its games in Herzliya an Ra'anana (the club wis formed bi a merger o the Herzliya an Ra'anana teams). Herzliya is an aa ane o the centres o rugby union in Israel.

Internaitional relationsEdit

Twin touns - Sister ceetiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. a b c d Shemesh, Hen. "Herzliya: For the Young at Heart, Not the Young". Retrieved 18 October 2008. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  3. "Herzliya". Israel Wonders. GoIsrael.com. Archived frae the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
  4. "Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya". Retrieved 18 October 2008. (in Ebreu)
  5. "Herzliya gets its very own cinematheque". Jerusalem Post. 20 November 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  6. "Banská Bystrica Sister Cities". © 2001-2008. Archived frae the original on 3 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
  7. "Beverly Hills street to honor Herzl". Retrieved 3 Mey 2010.