Open main menu

The Gowden Horde (Tatar: Алтын Урда Altın Urda ; Mongolian: Зүчийн улс‎, Züchii-in Uls; Roushie: Золотая Орда) wis a Mongol an later Turkicized khanate, established in the 13t century, which comprised the northwastren sector o the Mongol Empire.[1] The khanate is an aa kent as the Kipchak Khanate or as the Ulus o Jochi.[2]

Ulus of Jochi
Зүчийн улс
Golden Horde

1240s–1502
Banner o Gowden Horde
GoldenHorde1300.png
CaipitalSarai Batu
Common leidsMongolian leid, Kypchak leid
Releegion
Tengrism, Shamanism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Tibetan Buddhism
(1240s–1313)
Islam
(1313–1502)
GovrenmentSemi-elective monarchy, later hereditary monarchy
Khan 
• 1226–1280
Orda Khan (White Horde)
• 1242–1255
Batu Khan (Blue Horde)
• 1379–1395
Tokhtamysh
• 1435–1459
Küchük Muhammad (Great Horde)
• 1481–1498, 1499–1502
Shaykh Ahmad
LegislaturKurultai
Historical eraLate Middle Ages
• Established efter the Mongol invasion o Rus'
1240s
• Blue Horde an White Horde unitit
1379
• Disintegrated intae Great Horde
1466
• Last remnant subjugatit bi the Crimean Khanate
1502
Aurie
13106,000,000 km2 (2,300,000 sq mi)
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Mongol Empire
Cuman-Kipchak Confederation
Volga Bulgarie
Crimean Khanate
Qasim Khanate
Khanate o Kazan
Kazakh Khanate
Uzbek Khanate
Astrakhan Khanate
Khanate o Sibir
Khanate o Khiva
Timurid dynasty
The day pairt o Russia
 Ukraine
 Kazakhstan
 Moldova
 Belarus
 Romania
 Uzbekistan
 Turkmenistan
 Georgia
 Azerbaijan
 Bulgaria
 China
 Lithuania
 Poland

ReferencesEedit

  1. Ed. Maureen Perrie The Cambridge history of Russia, p.130
  2. "Golden Horde", in Encyclopædia Britannica, 2007. Quotation: "also called Kipchak Khanate Russian designation for Juchi's Ulus, the western part of the Mongol Empire, which flourished from the mid-13th century to the end of the 14th century. The people of the Golden Horde were mainly a mixture of Turkic and Uralic peoples and Sarmatians & Scythians and, to a lesser extent, Mongols, with the latter generally constituting the aristocracy." They are not to be confused with the earlier Kipchak khanate in the same region that had previously held sway, before its conquest by the Mongols