Tibetan Buddhism is the bouk o releegious doctrine an institutions characteristic o Buddhism in Tibet, Mongolie, Tuva, Bhutan, Kalmykie an certaint regions o the Himalayas, includin northren Nepal, an Indie (pairteecularly in Arunachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Dharamsala, Lahaul an Spiti destrict in Himachal Pradesh an Sikkim). It is the state releegion o Bhutan.
- An alternative term, "lamaism", an wis uised tae distinguish Tibetan Buddhism frae ither buddhism. The term wis taken up bi wastren scholars includin Hegel, as early as 1822 (Lopez, Donald S. Jr. (1999). Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 6, 19f. ISBN 0-226-49311-3.). Insofar as it implies a discontinuity atween Indian an Tibetan Buddhism, the term haes been discreditit (Conze, 1993).
- The 2007 U.S. State Department report on religious freedom in Bhutan notes that "Mahayana Buddhism is the state religion..." and that the Bhutanese government supports both the Kagyu and Nyingma sects. State.gov