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For ither uises, see Augsburg (disambiguation).

Augsburg (German pronunciation: [ˈʔaʊ̯ksbʊʁk] ( listen)) is a ceety in the sooth-wast o Bavarie, Germany. It wis a Free Imperial Ceety for ower 500 years.

Augsburg
View o Augsburg Ceety Haw an ither historical biggins in Augsburg
View o Augsburg Ceety Haw an ither historical biggins in Augsburg
Coat o airms o Augsburg
Coat o airms
Augsburg is locatit in Germany
Augsburg
Augsburg
Coordinates: 48°22′N 10°54′E / 48.367°N 10.900°E / 48.367; 10.900Coordinates: 48°22′N 10°54′E / 48.367°N 10.900°E / 48.367; 10.900
Kintra Germany
State Bavarie
Admin. region Schwaben
Destrict Urban destrict
Govrenment
 • Laird Mayor Kurt Gribl (CSU)
Aurie
 • Total 146.93 km2 (56.73 sq mi)
Elevation 495 m (1,624 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Tot 289,584
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 86150–86199
Diallin codes 0821
Vehicle registration A
Mixed Imperial City of Augsburg
1276–1803
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms of Augsburg
before 1985
Status Ceety-state o Holy Roman Empire
Caipital Augsburg
Govrenment Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
• Bishopric established
4th century
c. 888 1276
• Ceety gained immediacy
1276
1530
• Jyned Schmalkadic League
1537
• Peace o Augsburg
1555
• Occupee'd bi Swaden
1632–35 1803
1803
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Prince-Bishopric of Augsburg
Kinrick o Bavarie

It is a varsity toun an hame o the Regierungsbezirk Schwaben an the Bezirk Schwaben. Augsburg is a urban destrict an hame tae the institutions o the Landkreis Augsburg. It is the third-lairgest ceety in Bavarie (efter Munich an Nuremberg) wi a population exceedin 280,000 ceetizens. Efter Neuss an Trier, Augsburg is Germany's third auldest ceety, bein foondit bi the Romans as Augusta Vindelicorum.

Augsburg is the anerly German ceety wi its awn legal holiday, the Augsburger Hohes Friedensfest, celebratit on August 8 o ivery year. This gies Augsburg mair legal holidays than ony ither region or ceety in Germany.[2]

Augsburg wis the hame o twa patrician faimilies that rose tae great prominence internaitionally an aw, replacin the Medicis as Europe's leadin bankers, the Fugger an the Welser faimilies.

Table o contents

PoliticsEedit

MunicipalityEedit

Frae 1266 till 1548, the terms Stadtpfleger (heid o toun cooncil) an Mayor wur uised interchyngeably, or occasionally, simultaneously. In 1548 the title wis feenally fixed tae Stadtpfleger, who officiatit for several years an wis then awairdit the title for life (tho nae langer govrenin), sicweys resultin ramfeesely, in records o twa or mair simultaneous Stadtpfleger.

Efter the transfer tae Bavarie in 1806, Augsburg wis ruled bi a Magistrate wi twa mayors, supportit bi a addeetional cooncil o "Commonty Commissioners": the Gemeindebevollmächtige.

As o 1907, the Mayor wis entitled Oberbürgermeister, as Augsburg haed reached a population of 100,000, as per the Bavarie Gemeindeordnung.

Toun CooncilEedit

Election results of the Town Council syne 1972 in percent
Year CSU SPD FDP Grüne ödp DKP/PDS REP NPD ither
1972 44.9 46.5 2.3 0.7 0.9 4.7
1978 46.8 44.5 2.7 0.4 0.6 4.9
1984 32.9 44.9 1.3 4.2 0.2 0.7 15.8
1990 43.1 28.4 2.5 10.8 10.0 5.2
1996 44.1 29.4 1.7 10.5 2.8 11.5
2002 43.5 36.4 3.5 8.7 1.8 1.2 4.9
2008 40.1 30.1 2.7 10.3 1.5 3.5 11.8
Seats 20081 25 19 1 6 22 73

1 Local elections on 2 Mairch 2008     22008: Die Linke     3 Pro Augsburg: 6, Freie Wähler: 1

Members o the BundestagEedit

Augsburg is locatit in the Wahlkreis 253 Augsburg-Stadt constituency, which includes Königsbrunn an the Destrict o Augsburg (Landkreis Augsburg).

Christian Ruck o the CSU wis directly electit tae the Bundestag wi 49.2% o the vote in the 16t German Bundestag.

Indirectly electit tae the Bundestag tae adhere tae the Landesliste wur Miriam Gruß for the FDP, Heinz Paula for the SPD an Claudia Roth for Bündnis 90/Die Grünen.

Main sichtsEedit

 
Fünfgratturm tower
 
Ring of Mercy on the Dom (Cathedral) St. Maria
 
Augsburg Synagogue
 
St. Ulrich and St. Afra Cathedral

IncorporationsEedit

Year Municipality Aurie
Julie 1, 1910 Meringerau 9.5 km²
Januar 1, 1911 Pfersee 3.5 km²
Januar 1, 1911 Oberhausen 8.6 km²
Januar 1, 1913 Lechhausen 27.9 km²
Januar 1, 1913 Hochzoll 4.4 km²
Aprile 1, 1916 Kriegshaber 59 km²
Julie 1, 1972 Göggingen
Julie 1, 1972 Haunstetten
Julie 1, 1972 Inningen

Historical population developmentEedit

Year Population
1635 16,432
1645 19,960
1806 26,200
1830 29,019
December 1, 1871 ¹ 51,220
December 1, 1890 ¹ 75,629
December 1, 1900 ¹ 89,109
December 1, 1910 ¹ 102,487
Juin 16, 1925 ¹ 165,522
Juin 16, 1933 ¹ 176,575
Mey 17, 1939 ¹ 185,369
September 13, 1950 ¹ 185,183
Juin 6, 1961 ¹ 208,659
Mey 27, 1970 ¹ 211,566
Juin 30, 1975 252,000
Juin 30, 1980 246,600
Juin 30, 1985 244,200
Mey 27, 1987 ¹ 242,819
December 31, 1990 256.877
December 31, 1991 259.884
December 31, 1992 264.852
December 31, 1993 264.764
December 31, 1994 262.110
December 31, 1995 259.699
December 31, 1996 258.457
December 31, 1997 256.625
December 31, 1998 254.610
December 31, 1999 254.867
December 31, 2000 254.982
December 31, 2001 257.836
December 31, 2002 259.231
December 31, 2003 259.217
December 31, 2004 260.407
December 31, 2005 262.676
December 31, 2006 262.512
December 31, 2007 262.992
December 31, 2008 263.313
December 31, 2009 263.646
December 31, 2010 264.708
December 31, 2011 266.647

¹ Census result

Pairtner ceetiesEedit

Information on the pairtner ceeties can foond at www.augsburg.de an aw

TransportEedit

RoadsEedit

The main road link is autobahn A 8 atween Munich an Stuttgart.

Public transportEedit

Public transport is vera well catered for. It is controlled bi the Augsburger Verkehrsverbund (Augsburg transport union, AVV) extendit ower central Swabie. Thare are seiven rail Regionalbahn lines, five tram lines, 27 ceety bus lines an sax nicht bus lines, as well as, several taxi companies.

The Augsburg tramwey netwirk is nou 35.5 km-lang efter the openin o new lines tae the varsity in 1996, the northren ceety boondar in 2001 an tae the Klinikum Augsburg (Augsburg hospital) in 2002. Tram line 6, which runs 5.2 km frae Friedberg West tae Rotes Tor, opened in Dizember 2010.[3]

Rail servicesEedit

 
The front of the station

Augsburg haes sax stations, the Central Station (Hauptbahnhof), Hochzoll, Oberhausen, Morellstraße and Messe. The Central Station, biggit frae 1843 tae 1846, is Germany’s auldest main station in a lairge ceety still providin services in the oreeginal building. It is currently bein modernized and an underground tram station is biggit underneath it. Hauptbahnhof is on the Munich–Augsburg and Ulm–Augsburg lines and is connected bi ICE and IC services tae Munich, Berlin, Dortmund, Frankfurt, Hamburg and Stuttgart. As of December 2007, the French TGV connected Augsburg wi a direct High Speed Connection tae Paris. In addition EC and nicht train services connect tae Amsterdam, Paris and Vienna and connections will be substantially improved bi the creation of the planned Magistrale for Europe.

The AVV operates seiven Regionalbahn lines frae the main station tae:

Stairtin in 2008, the regional services are planned tae be altered tae S-Bahn frequencies an developit lang term as integratit intae the Augsburg S-Bahn.

Air transportEedit

Till 2005 Augsburg wis servit bi nearbi Augsburg Airport (AGB). In that year aw air passenger transport haes been relocatit tae Munich Airport. Syne then the Airport anerly serves for General aviation an business aviation.

EconomyEedit

 
KUKA's industrial robots

Augsburg is a vibrant industrial ceety. Mony global mercat leaders namely MAN, EADS or KUKA produce heich technology products lik printin seestems, lairge diesel ingines, industrial robots or components for the Airbus A380 an the Ariane carrier rocket. Efter Munich, Augsburg is considered the heich-tech centre for Information an Communication in Bavarie an taks advantage o its lawer operatin costs, yet close proximity tae Munich an potential customers.

Major companiesEedit

EddicationEedit

Augsburg is hame tae the follaein varsities an colleges:

MediaEedit

The local newspaper is the Augsburger Allgemeine first published in 1807. Thare are aseveral local radio stations an a local TV station (a.tv) an aw.

Notable fowkEedit

 
Holbein's hoose

SportsEedit

FC Augsburg is a fitbaa team based in Augsburg an plays in the SGL arena. FC Augsburg wis promotit tae Bundesliga in 2011. The new stadium (opened in Julie 2009) hostit gemmes o the 2011 FIFA Weemen's Warld Cup.

The ceety is hame tae a DEL (first-diveesion) ice hockey team, the Augsburger Panther. The oreeginal club, AEV, wis formit in 1878, the auldest German ice sport club an regularly draws aroond 4000 spectators, quite raisonable for German ice hockey. Hame gemmes are played at the Curt Frenzel Stadion: a recently rebuilt (2012-2013) indoor rink an modren stadium. An aw Augsburg is hame tae ane o the maist tradeetional German basebaw clubs, the Augsburg Gators.

For the 1972 Olympic Gemmes in Munich, a Lech River dam protective diversionary canal for river ice wis convertit intae the warld's first airtificial whitewatter slalom course: the Eiskanal an remains a warld-cless venue for whitewatter competeetion an servit as prototeep for twa dozen seemilar foreign courses.

Local ceety elk-namesEedit

While commonly cried Fuggerstadt (Fuggers' ceety) due tae the Fuggers residin thare, athin Swabie it is aften referred tae as Datschiburg an aw: which oreeginatit sometime in the 19t century refers tae Augsburg's favorite sweet: the Datschi made frae fruit, preferably prunes, an thin cake daich.[6] The Datschiburger Kickers charity fitbaa team (foondit in 1965) reflects this in its choice o team name.[7][8]

See an awEedit

NotesEedit

  1. "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018. 
  2. "Stadt Augsburg - Home - Stadt Augsburg". .augsburg.de. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  3. "Railway Gazette: Urban rail news in brief". Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  4. www.uni-augsburg.de
  5. Martin, Douglas (2011-06-18). "Mietek Pemper, 91, Camp Inmate Who Compiled Schindler's List". New York Times. Archived frae the oreeginal on 24 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-26. 
  6. Augsburger Stadtlexikon – Datschiburg (in German) accessed: 18 November 2008
  7. Datschiburger Kickers website accessed: 18 November 2008
  8. Augsburger Stadtlexikon – Datschiburger Kickers (in German) accessed: 18 November 2008

ReferencesEedit

  • Die Chroniken der schwäbischen Städte, Augsburg, (Leipzig, 1865–1896).
  • Werner, Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg, (Augsburg, 1900).
  • Lewis, "The Roman Antiquities of Augsburg and Ratisbon", in volume xlviii, Archæological Journal, (Lunnon, 1891).

Freemit airtinsEedit