Free Democratic Pairty (Germany)

liberal an clessical liberal poleetical pairty in Germany

The Free Democratic Pairty (German: Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal[5][6] an clessical liberal[7][8][9] poleetical pairty in Germany.

Free Democratic Pairty
Freie Demokratische Partei
ChairmanChristian Lindner
General SecretarNicola Beer
Foondit12 December 1948
Reinhardtstraße 14
10117 Berlin
Youth weengYoung Liberals
FoundationFriedrich Naumann Foundation
Membership  (2014)55,000[1]
Clessical leeberalism
Poleetical poseetionCentre-richt[3][4]
Internaitional affiliationLiberal Internaitional
European affiliationAlliance o Liberals an Democrats for Europe
European Pairlament groupAlliance o Liberals an Democrats for Europe
ColoursYellow and blue
80 / 709
State Pairlaments
103 / 1,857
European Pairlament
3 / 96


  1. "Freie Demokraten (FDP)". Freie Demokraten (FDP).
  2. Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  3. Dymond, Johnny (27 September 2009). "Merkel heading for new coalition". BBC News.
  4. Peel, Quentin (9 May 2010). "Germans take weeks over coalition pacts". Financial Times.
  5. Thomas Banchoff; Mitchell Smith (1999). Legitimacy and the European Union: The Contested Polity. Taylor & Francis. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  6. Sylvia Breukers (2007). Changing Institutional Landscapes for Implementing Wind Power: A Geographical Comparison of Institutional Capacity Building: the Netherlands, England and North Rhine-Westphalia. Amsterdam University Press. p. 188. ISBN 978-90-5629-454-0.
  7. Arthur B. Gunlicks (2003). The Länder and German federalism. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 268. ISBN 978-0-7190-6533-0.
  8. Ruud van Dijk, ed. (2008). Encyclopedia of the Cold War, Volume 1. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 541. ISBN 978-0-415-97515-5.
  9. Stefan Immerfall; Andreas Sobisch (1997). "Party System in Transition". In Matthias Zimmer (ed.). Germany: Phoenix in trouble?. Edmonton: University of Alberta. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-88864-305-6.