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Shetland (aulder spellin: Zetland, frae Ȝetland; Auld Norse Hjaltland; Gaelic: Sealtainn) is an archipelago aff the northeast coast o mainlaund Scotland. The islands lees tae the northeast o Orkney, 280 km (170 mi) frae the Faroe Islands an mak up pairt o the diveesion atween the Atlantic Ocean tae the wast an the German Ocean tae the east. The hail area is aboot 1,466 km² (566 sq mi). Shetland is ane o the 32 cooncil auries o Scotland. The islands' admeenistrative centre an anely burgh is Lerwick.

Shetland
Norse name Hjaltland
Meanin o name 'Hiltland'
Location
Shetland UK relief location map.jpg
Shetland is locatit in Scotland
Shetland
Shetland
Shetland shawn within Scotland
OS grid reference HU4363
Coordinates 60°21′N 1°13′W / 60.350°N 1.217°W / 60.350; -1.217Coordinates: 60°21′N 1°13′W / 60.350°N 1.217°W / 60.350; -1.217
Physical geography
Island group Northren Isles
Aurie 1,466 km2 (566 sq mi)
Heichest elevation Ronas Hill 450 m (1,480 ft)
Admeenistration
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Kintra Scotland
Cooncil aurie Shetland Islands Cooncil
Demografics
Population 23,210 (2012)
Population density 15/km2 (40/sq mi)
Lairgest settlement Lerwick
Lymphad3.svg

The lairgest island, kent as "the Mainland," haes an area o 967 km² (374 sq mi), makkin it the third-lairgest Scots island an the fifth-lairgest o the Breetish Isles.

LeidEedit

Main airticles: Norn leid, Shetlandic, and Pechts leid

The Pechts leid deed oot durin the Viking occupation an wis replaced by Auld Norse, whilk in turn evolved intae Norn. This remains the maist kenspeckle aff-faw o Norse cultur on the islands. Awmaist ivery place name in uise thare can be traced back tae the Vikings.[1] Norn continued tae be spoken till the 18t century whan it wis replaced by a insular byleid o Scots kent as Shetlandic an aw, that in turn is bein replaced by Scots Inglis.

Awtho Norn wis spoken for hunders o years it is nou extinct an few written sources remain.

Ensaumple o the Lord's Prayer in Shetland Norn:

ReferencesEedit

  1. Julian Richards, Vikingblod, page 236, Hermon Forlag, ISBN 8283200165



 
Cooncil auries o Scotland
 

Ceitie o Aiberdeen | Aiberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll an Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries an Gallowa | Ceitie o Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lowden | East Renfrewshire | Ceitie o Edinburgh | Fawkirk | Fife | Ceitie o Glesga | Hieland | Inverclyde | The Mairches | Midlowden | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanrikshire | Ooter Hebrides (Wastren Isles) | Orkney | Perth an Kinross | Renfrewshire | Shetland | Sooth Ayrshire | Sooth Lanrikshire | Stirlin | Wast Dunbartonshire | Wast Lowden