Shetland (aulder spellin: Zetland, frae Ȝetland; Auld Norse Hjaltland; Gaelic: Sealtainn) is an archipelago aff the northeast coast o mainlaund Scotland. The islands lees tae the northeast o Orkney, 280 km (170 mi) frae the Faroe Islands an mak up pairt o the diveesion atween the Atlantic Ocean tae the wast an the German Ocean tae the east. The hail area is aboot 1,466 km² (566 sq mi). Shetland is ane o the 32 cooncil areas o Scotland. The islands' admeenistrative centre an anely burgh is Lerwick.

Norse nameHjaltland
Meanin o name'Hiltland'
Shetland is located in Scotland
Shetland shawn within Scotland
OS grid referenceHU4363
Coordinates60°21′N 1°13′W / 60.350°N 1.217°W / 60.350; -1.217Coordinates: 60°21′N 1°13′W / 60.350°N 1.217°W / 60.350; -1.217
Physical geography
Island groupNorthren Isles
Aurie1,466 km2 (566 sq mi)
Heichest elevationRonas Hill 450 m (1,480 ft)
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
Cooncil aurieShetland Islands Cooncil
Population23,210 (2012)
Population density15/km2 (40/sq mi)
Lairgest settlementLerwick

The lairgest island, kent as "the Mainland," haes an area o 967 km² (374 sq mi), makkin it the third-lairgest Scots island an the fifth-lairgest o the Breetish Isles.

Leid eedit

The Pechts leid deed oot durin the Viking occupation an wis replaced by Auld Norse, whilk in turn evolved intae Norn. This remains the maist kenspeckle aff-faw o Norse cultur on the islands. Awmaist ivery place name in uise thare can be traced back tae the Vikings.[1] Norn continued tae be spoken till the 18t century whan it wis replaced by a insular byleid o Scots kent as Shetlandic an aw, that in turn is bein replaced by Scots Inglis.

Awtho Norn wis spoken for hunders o years it is nou extinct an few written sources remain.

Fowklair eedit

A wulver be a craitur fae Shetland fowklair alike the warwouf, descrived as a man wi a wouf heid kivert in broun fur. Unalike the veecious warwouf it be a pally beast that wad anely fash thaim that fasht it.

Archaeological steids eedit

Jarlshof is the best kent prehistoric archaeological steid in Shetland.

References eedit

  1. Julian Richards, Vikingblod, page 236, Hermon Forlag, ISBN 8283200165

Cooncil areas o Scotland

Ceity o Aiberdeen | Aiberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll an Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries an Gallowa | Ceetie o Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lowden | East Renfrewshire | Edinburgh | Fawkirk | Fife | Ceetie o Glesga | Hieland | Inverclyde | The Mairches | Midlowden | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanrikshire | Orkney | Perth an Kinross | Renfrewshire | Shetland | Sooth Ayrshire | Sooth Lanrikshire | Stirlin | Wast Dunbartonshire | Wast Lowden | The Waster Isles