For ither uises, see Luton (disambiguation).

Luton (pronounced /ˈluːtən/ (deprecatit template) or locally /ˈluːʔən/) is a lairge toun an unitar authority o Bedfordshire, Ingland, 30 miles (51 kilometres) north o Lunnon. Luton an its near neighbours, Dunstable an Houghton Regis, form the Luton/Dunstable Urban Aurie wi a population o ower 240,000.[3][4]

Luton

Borough of Luton
Luton Toun Haw
Luton shown athin Bedfordshire
Luton shown athin Bedfordshire
Coordinates: 51°54′0″N 0°26′0″W / 51.90000°N 0.43333°W / 51.90000; -0.43333Coordinates: 51°54′0″N 0°26′0″W / 51.90000°N 0.43333°W / 51.90000; -0.43333
KintraUnitit Kinrick
Constituent aurieIngland
RegionEast o Ingland
Ceremonial coontyBedfordshire
BurghLuton
Govrenment
 • TeepBurgh
 • Govrenin bodyLuton Borough Council
 • Executive:Labour
 • MayorSydney Knight
 • MPsKelvin Hopkins (L)
Gavin Shuker (L)
Area
 • Total43.35 km2 (16.74 sq mi)
Population
 • Tot216,800
 • Density4,696/km2 (12,160/sq mi)
 • ethnicity
68.0% White
18.9% S.Asie
7.3% Black
3.1% Mixed Race
2.5% E.Asian and Other
Time zoneGMT
 • Summer (DST)Breetish Simmer Time
Postcode Aurie
Aurie code(s)(01582)
ONS code00KA
DemonymLutonians
Wabsteidwww.luton.gov.uk

Luton is hame tae Blue Square Premier team Luton Town Football Club, whose history includes several spells in the top flicht o the Inglis league as well as a Football League Cup triumph in 1988. They play at Kenilworth Road stadium, which haes been their hame syne 1905.

London Luton Airport, opened in 1938, is ane o Ingland's major airports. Durin the Seicont Warld War it doubled as an RAF base.

The University o Bedfordshire is based in the toun.

The Luton Carnival, held on the late Maey bank holiday, is the lairgest ane-day carnival in Europe.

The toun wis for mony years famous for hat-makin an wis an aa hame tae a lairge Vauxhall Motors factory; the heid office o Vauxhall Motors is still situatit in the towun. Caur production at the plant began in 1905 an continued till 2002, but commercial vehicle production remains.

Twin tounsEedit

Luton participates in internaitional toun twinnin; its pairtners[5] are:

Kintra Place Coonty / Destrict / Region / State Date
  Germany   Bergisch Gladbach   North Rhine-Westphalie 1956
  Fraunce Bourgoin-Jallieu Rhône-Alpes 1956
  Swaden Eskilstuna   Södermanland 1949
  Germany   Berlin-Spandau   Berlin 1959
  Germany   Wolfsburg   Lawer Saxony 1950
  Israel   Haifa   Haifa Destrict 1966

ReferencesEedit

  1. Leadership=Mayor & Cabinet
    Executive=Labour
  2. ONS estimates for total population and density in 2011 and ethnicity in 2009. See the Demografie section abuin for further information.
  3. Luton Borough Council, 2009 Mid year population estimates for Luton.
  4. Central Bedfordshire Council, Central Bedfordshire’s population. Dunstable 35,120. Houghton Regis 16,670.
  5. "Town twinning". Luton Borough Council. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-06-16.