Boston (pronooncit /ˈbɒstən/ ( listen)) is the caipital o an lairgest ceety in Massachusetts, an is ane o the auldest ceeties in the Unitit States. The lairgest ceety in New Ingland, Boston is regardit as the unoffeecial "Caipital o New Ingland" for its economic an cultural impact on the entire New Ingland region.[9] The ceety proper haed a 2009 estimatit population o 645,169, makin it the twintiet lairgest in the kintra.[3] Boston is an aa the anchor o a substantially lairger metropolitan aurie cried Greater Boston, hame tae 4.5 million fowk an the tent-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the kintra.[6] Greater Boston as a commutin region includes sax Massachusetts coonties: Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Plymouth, Worcester,[10] northren Bristol Coonty, aw o Rhode Island an pairts o New Hampshire; it is hame tae 7.6 million fowk, makkin it the fift-lairgest Combined Statistical Aurie in the Unitit States.[7][11]

Boston
Ceety
City of Boston
St. Paul Street MBTA station, Boston MA.jpg
Banner o Boston
Banner
Official seal of Boston
Seal
Eik-name(s): 
Beantown,[1] The Hub,[1] The Cradle of Liberty,[2] The Cradle of Modern America,[1] The Athens of America,[2] The Walking City[1]
Motto(s): 
Sicut patribus sit Deus nobis (Latin "As God wis wi oor faithers, so mey He be wi us")
Location in Massachusetts heichlichtit in reid. The remainder o Suffolk Coonty is heichlichtit in pink.
Location in Massachusetts heichlichtit in reid. The remainder o Suffolk Coonty is heichlichtit in pink.
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Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42.35806°N 71.06361°W / 42.35806; -71.06361Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42.35806°N 71.06361°W / 42.35806; -71.06361
Kintra Unitit States
Historic KintrasKinrick o Ingland, Kinrick o Great Breetain
State Massachusetts
Historic ColonyProvince o Massachusetts Bay
CoontySuffolk
Settled (toun)7 September 1630 (date o namin, O.S.)
Incorporatit (ceety)4 Mairch 1822
Govrenment
 • TeepStrang mayor – cooncil
 • MayorThomas M. Menino (D), tae be succeedit bi Marty Walsh (D)
 • CooncilBoston City Council
Area
 • Ceety232 km2 (90 sq mi)
 • Laund125 km2 (48 sq mi)
 • Water107 km2 (41 sq mi)
 • Urban
4600 km2 (1770 sq mi)
 • Metro
11700 km2 (4500 sq mi)
 • CSA27600 km2 (10600 sq mi)
Elevation
43 m (141 ft)
Population
 • Ceety636,479 (US: 21st)
 • Density4980/km2 (12,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,180,000 (US: 10th)
 • Metro
4,590,000 (US: 10t)
 • CSA
7600000 (US: 6t)
 • Demonym
Bostonian
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
Area code(s)617 and 857
FIPS code25-07000
GNIS feature ID0617565
Websitecityofboston.gov

Sister ceetiesEedit

Boston haes aicht offeecial sister ceeties as recognised bi Sister Cities International.[12] The date column indicates the year in which the relationship wis established. Kyoto wis Boston's first sister ceety.

Ceety Kintra Date References
Kyoto   Japan 1959 [13]
Strasbourg   Fraunce 1960 [14][15]
Barcelona   Spain 1980 [16][17]
Hangzhou   Fowkrepublic o Cheenae 1982 [12]
Padua   Italy 1983 [18]
Melbourne   Australie 1985

[19]

Taipei   Republic o Cheenae (Taiwan) 1996 [20]
Sekondi-Takoradi   Ghana 2001 [12]

Boston an aa haes less formal friendship or pairtnership relationships wi a additional three ceeties.

Ceety Kintra Date References
Boston, Lincolnshire   Unitit Kinrick 1999 [21][22]
Haifa   Israel 1999 [23]
Valladolid   Spain 2007 [24]

ReferencesEedit

  1. a b c d Dalager, Norman (10 August 2006). "What's in a nickname?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 8 Apryle 2009.
  2. a b Wechter 2009, p. 14.
  3. a b "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – State – County Subdivision, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 23 Mairch 2011.
  4. "State & County QuickFacts – Boston (city), Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. 10 Januar 2013. Retrieved 5 Februar 2013.
  5. "Alphabetically sorted list of Census 2000 Urbanized Areas" (TXT). United States Census Bureau, Geography Division. Retrieved 11 Apryle 2009.
  6. a b "Metropolitan and micropolitan statistical area population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CBSA-EST2008-alldata)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 11 Apryle 2009.
  7. a b "Combined statistical area population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CSA-EST2008-alldata)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 11 Apryle 2009.
  8. "ZIP Code Lookup – Search By City". United States Postal Service. Retrieved 20 Apryle 2009.
  9. Steinbicker, Earl (2000). 50 one day adventures—Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Maine, and New Hampshire. Hastings House/Daytrips Publishers. p. 7. ISBN 0-8038-2008-9.
  10. "Boston Worcester Manchester Demographic Profile: Region 19". Federal Transit Administration. 31 Januar 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 21 pp.
  11. "Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH Combined Statistical Area" (PDF). U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2007. Retrieved 20 Juin 2009. Included in the CSA: MA counties: Bristol, Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk and Worcester; NH counties: Belknap, Hillsborough, Merrimack, Rockingham and Strafford; RI counties (entire state): Bristol, Kent, Newport, Providence and Washington (South County)
  12. a b c "Boston Sister Cities". The City of Boston. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  13. "Sister and Other Associated Cities". Kyoto City Web. City of Kyoto. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  14. "Twinning, cooperation and international solidarity" (in French). Strasbourg.eu. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  15. "Boston Strasbourg Sister City Association". Boston-Strasbourg Sister City Association (BSSCA). Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  16. "Twinning agreements – Boston". Barcelona City Council. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  17. "Barcelona internacional - Ciutats agermanades" (in Spanish). © 2006–2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Retrieved 13 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  18. "The twin cities of Padua". Padovanet (in Italian). Comune di Padova. 4 Juin 2008. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  19. "Sister cities – Boston". City of Melbourne. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  20. "International Sister Cities". Taipei City Council. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  21. "Town twinning". Boston Borough Council. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  22. "Partnership of the Historic Bostons". Partnership of the Historic Bostons. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.
  23. "Boston" (in Hebrew). Haifa Municipality. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  24. Press Office of the Municipality of Valladolid (18 September 2007). "Valladolid and Boston have signed a protocol of friendship between the two cities" (in Spanish). Ayuntamiento de Valladolid. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)