The Open Championship

The Open Championship (Scots: The Appen Championship), eften referred tae as The Open or the British Open, is the auldest o the fower major championships in professional gowf.

The Open Championship
2017 Open Championship logo.png
Tournament information
LocationUnitit Kinrick, varies
Established17 October 1860 (1860-10-17)
159 years ago
Coorse(s)Royal Birkdale Golf Club
Southport, Ingland (in 2017)
Par70 (in 2017)
Lenth7,173 yd (6,559 m)
(in 2017)
Organised biThe R&A
Tour(s)European Tour
PGA Tour
Japan Golf Tour
FormatStroke play
Prize fund£6.5 million
7.4 million
$8.6 million
Month playedJulie
Tournament record score
Aggregate264* Henrik Stenson (2016)
*record for aw majors
Tae par−20* Henrik Stenson (2016)
*equals record for aw majors
Current champion
Swaden Henrik Stenson
2017 Open Championship

ChampionsEedit

Year Dates Champion Kintra Venue Winnin
score
Winnin
mairgin
Rinner(s)-up Winner's
share (£)
148t 2019 18–21 Jul Shane Lowry   Ireland Royal Portrush 269 −15 6 strokes   Tommy Fleetwood (ENG) 10,750,000 1,935,000
2018 19–22 Jul Francesco Molinari   Italy Carnoustie 276 (−8) 2 strokes   Kevin Kisner
  Rory McIlroy
  Justin Rose
  Xander Schauffele
1,420,000
2017 20–23 Jul Jordan Spieth   Unitit States Royal Birkdale 268 (−12) 3 strokes   Matt Kuchar 1,420,000
2016 14–17 Jul Henrik Stenson   Swaden Royal Troon 264 (−20) 3 strokes   Phil Mickelson 1,175,000
2015 16–20 Jul Zach Johnson   Unitit States St Andrews 273 (−15) Playoff   Marc Leishman
  Louis Oosthuizen
1,150,000
2014 17–20 Jul Rory McIlroy   Northren Ireland Royal Liverpool 271 (−17) 2 strokes   Rickie Fowler
  Sergio García
975,000
2013 18–21 Jul Phil Mickelson   Unitit States Muirfield 281 (−3) 3 strokes   Henrik Stenson 945,000
2012 19–22 Jul Ernie Els (2)   Sooth Africae Royal Lytham & St Annes 273 (−7) 1 stroke   Adam Scott 900,000
2011 14–17 Jul Darren Clarke   Northren Ireland Royal St George's 275 (−5) 3 strokes   Dustin Johnson
  Phil Mickelson
900,000
2010 15–18 Jul Louis Oosthuizen   Sooth Africae St Andrews 272 (−16) 7 strokes   Lee Westwood 850,000
2009 16–19 Jul Stewart Cink   Unitit States Turnberry 278 (−2) Playoff   Tom Watson 750,000
2008 17–20 Jul Pádraig Harrington (2)   Ireland Royal Birkdale 283 (+3) 4 strokes   Ian Poulter 750,000
2007 19–22 Jul Pádraig Harrington   Ireland Carnoustie 277 (−7) Playoff   Sergio García 750,000
2006 20–23 Jul Tiger Woods (3)   Unitit States Royal Liverpool 270 (−18) 2 strokes   Chris DiMarco 720,000
2005 14–17 Jul Tiger Woods (2)   Unitit States St Andrews 274 (−14) 5 strokes   Colin Montgomerie 720,000
2004 15–18 Jul Todd Hamilton   Unitit States Royal Troon 274 (−10) Playoff   Ernie Els 720,000
2003 17–20 Jul Ben Curtis   Unitit States Royal St George's 283 (−1) 1 stroke   Thomas Bjørn
  Vijay Singh
700,000
2002 18–21 Jul Ernie Els   Sooth Africae Muirfield 278 (−6) Playoff   Stuart Appleby
  Steve Elkington
  Thomas Levet
700,000
2001 19–22 Jul David Duval   Unitit States Royal Lytham & St Annes 274 (−10) 3 strokes   Niclas Fasth 600,000
2000 20–23 Jul Tiger Woods   Unitit States St Andrews 269 (−19) 8 strokes   Thomas Bjørn
  Ernie Els
500,000
1999 15–18 Jul Paul Lawrie   Scotland Carnoustie 290 (+6) Playoff   Justin Leonard
  Jean van de Velde
350,000
1998 16–19 Jul Mark O'Meara   Unitit States Royal Birkdale 280 (E) Playoff   Brian Watts 300,000
1997 17–20 Jul Justin Leonard   Unitit States Royal Troon 272 (−12) 3 strokes   Darren Clarke
  Jesper Parnevik
250,000
1996 18–21 Jul Tom Lehman   Unitit States Royal Lytham & St Annes 271 (−13) 2 strokes   Ernie Els
  Mark McCumber
200,000
1995 20–23 Jul John Daly   Unitit States St Andrews 282 (−6) Playoff   Costantino Rocca 125,000
1994 14–17 Jul Nick Price   Zimbabwe Turnberry 268 (−12) 1 stroke   Jesper Parnevik 110,000
1993 15–18 Jul Greg Norman (2)   Australie Royal St George's 267 (−13) 2 strokes   Nick Faldo 100,000
1992 16–19 Jul Nick Faldo (3)   Ingland Muirfield 272 (−12) 1 stroke   John Cook 95,000
1991 18–21 Jul Ian Baker-Finch   Australie Royal Birkdale 272 (−8) 2 strokes   Mike Harwood 90,000
1990 19–22 Jul Nick Faldo (2)   Ingland St Andrews 270 (−18) 5 strokes   Mark McNulty
  Payne Stewart
85,000
1989 20–23 Jul Mark Calcavecchia   Unitit States Royal Troon 275 (−13) Playoff   Wayne Grady
  Greg Norman
80,000
1988 14–18 Jul Seve Ballesteros (3)   Spain Royal Lytham & St Annes 273 (−11) 2 strokes   Nick Price 80,000
1987 16–19 Jul Nick Faldo   Ingland Muirfield 279 (−5) 1 stroke   Paul Azinger
  Rodger Davis
75,000
1986 17–20 Jul Greg Norman   Australie Turnberry 280 (E) 5 strokes   Gordon J. Brand 70,000
1985 18–21 Jul Sandy Lyle   Scotland Royal St George's 282 (+2) 1 stroke   Payne Stewart 65,000
1984 19–22 Jul Seve Ballesteros (2)   Spain St Andrews 276 (−12) 2 strokes   Bernhard Langer
  Tom Watson
55,000
1983 14–17 Jul Tom Watson (5)   Unitit States Royal Birkdale 275 (−9) 1 stroke   Andy Bean
  Hale Irwin
40,000
1982 15–18 Jul Tom Watson (4)   Unitit States Royal Troon 284 (−4) 1 stroke   Peter Oosterhuis
  Nick Price
32,000
1981 16–19 Jul Bill Rogers   Unitit States Royal St George's 276 (−4) 4 strokes   Bernhard Langer 25,000
1980 17–20 Jul Tom Watson (3)   Unitit States Muirfield 271 (−13) 4 strokes   Lee Trevino 25,000
1979 18–21 Jul Seve Ballesteros   Spain Royal Lytham & St Annes 283 (−1) 3 strokes   Ben Crenshaw
  Jack Nicklaus
15,000
1978 12–15 Jul Jack Nicklaus (3)   Unitit States St Andrews 281 (−7) 2 strokes   Ben Crenshaw
  Raymond Floyd
  Tom Kite
  Simon Owen
12,500
1977 6–9 Jul Tom Watson (2)   Unitit States Turnberry 268 (−12) 1 stroke   Jack Nicklaus 10,000
1976 7–10 Jul Johnny Miller   Unitit States Royal Birkdale 279 (−9) 6 strokes   Seve Ballesteros
  Jack Nicklaus
7,500
1975 9–13 Jul Tom Watson   Unitit States Carnoustie 279 (−5) Playoff   Jack Newton 7,500
1974 10–13 Jul Gary Player (3)   Sooth Africae Royal Lytham & St Annes 282 (−2) 4 strokes   Peter Oosterhuis 5,500
1973 11–14 Jul Tom Weiskopf   Unitit States Troon 276 (−12) 3 strokes   Neil Coles
  Johnny Miller
5,500
1972 12–15 Jul Lee Trevino (2)   Unitit States Muirfield 278 (−6) 1 stroke   Jack Nicklaus 5,500
1971 7–10 Jul Lee Trevino   Unitit States Royal Birkdale 278 (−10) 1 stroke   Lu Liang-Huan 5,500
1970 8–12 Jul Jack Nicklaus (2)   Unitit States St Andrews 283 (−5) Playoff   Doug Sanders 5,250
1969 9–12 Jul Tony Jacklin   Ingland Royal Lytham & St Annes 280 (−4) 2 strokes   Bob Charles 4,250
1968 10–13 Jul Gary Player (2)   Sooth Africae Carnoustie 289 (+1) 2 strokes   Bob Charles
  Jack Nicklaus
3,000
1967 12–15 Jul Roberto De Vicenzo   Argentinae Royal Liverpool 278 (−10) 2 strokes   Jack Nicklaus 2,100
1966 6–9 Jul Jack Nicklaus   Unitit States Muirfield 282 (−2) 1 stroke   Doug Sanders
  Dave Thomas
2,100
1965 7–9 Jul Peter Thomson (5)   Australie Royal Birkdale 285 (−3) 2 strokes   Brian Huggett
  Christy O'Connor Snr
1,750
1964 8–10 Jul Tony Lema   Unitit States St Andrews 279 (−9) 5 strokes   Jack Nicklaus 1,500
1963 10–13 Jul Bob Charles   New Zealand Royal Lytham & St Annes 277 (−3) Playoff   Phil Rodgers 1,500
1962 11–13 Jul Arnold Palmer (2)   Unitit States Troon 276 (−12) 6 strokes   Kel Nagle 1,400
1961 12–15 Jul Arnold Palmer   Unitit States Royal Birkdale 284 (−4) 1 stroke   Dai Rees 1,400
1960 6–9 Jul Kel Nagle   Australie St Andrews 278 (−10) 1 stroke   Arnold Palmer 1,250
1959 1–3 Jul Gary Player   Sooth Africae Muirfield 284 (E) 2 strokes   Fred Bullock
  Flory Van Donck
1,000
1958 2–5 Jul Peter Thomson (4)   Australie Royal Lytham & St Annes 278 (−6) Playoff   Dave Thomas 1,000
1957 3–5 Jul Bobby Locke (4)   Sooth Africae St Andrews 279 (−9) 3 strokes   Peter Thomson 1,000
1956 4–6 Jul Peter Thomson (3)   Australie Royal Liverpool 286 (+2) 3 strokes   Flory Van Donck 1,000
1955 6–8 Jul Peter Thomson (2)   Australie St Andrews 281 (−7) 2 strokes   John Fallon 1,000
1954 7–9 Jul Peter Thomson   Australie Royal Birkdale 283 (−5) 1 stroke   Bobby Locke
  Dai Rees
  Syd Scott
750
1953 8–10 Jul Ben Hogan   Unitit States Carnoustie 282 (−6) 4 strokes   Antonio Cerdá
  Dai Rees
  Frank Stranahan (a)
  Peter Thomson
500
1952 9–11 Jul Bobby Locke (3)   Sooth Africae Royal Lytham & St Annes 287 (−1) 1 stroke   Peter Thomson 300
1951 4–6 Jul Max Faulkner   Ingland Royal Portrush 285 (−3) 2 strokes   Antonio Cerdá 300
1950 5–7 Jul Bobby Locke (2)   Sooth Africae Troon 279 (−9) 2 strokes   Roberto de Vicenzo 300
1949 6–9 Jul Bobby Locke   Sooth Africae Royal St George's 283 (−5) Playoff   Harry Bradshaw 300
1948 30 Jun – 2 Jul Henry Cotton (3)   Ingland Muirfield 284 (E) 5 strokes   Fred Daly 150
1947 2–4 Jul Fred Daly   Northren Ireland Royal Liverpool 293 (+5) 1 stroke   Reg Horne
  Frank Stranahan (a)
150
1946 3–5 Jul Sam Snead   Unitit States St Andrews 290 (+2) 4 strokes   Johnny Bulla
  Bobby Locke
150
1940–45: No Championships because of World War II
1939 5–7 Jul Dick Burton   Ingland St Andrews 290 (−2) 2 strokes   Johnny Bulla 100
1938 6–8 Jul Reg Whitcombe   Ingland Royal St George's 295 (+15) 2 strokes   Jimmy Adams 100
1937 7–9 Jul Henry Cotton (2)   Ingland Carnoustie 290 2 strokes   Reg Whitcombe 100
1936 25–27 Jun Alf Padgham   Ingland Royal Liverpool 287 1 stroke   Jimmy Adams 100
1935 26–28 Jun Alf Perry   Ingland Muirfield 283 4 strokes   Alf Padgham 100
1934 27–29 Jun Henry Cotton   Ingland Royal St George's 283 5 strokes   Sid Brews 100
1933 5–8 Jul Denny Shute   Unitit States St Andrews 292 Playoff   Craig Wood 100
1932 8–10 Jun Gene Sarazen   Unitit States Prince's 283 5 strokes   Macdonald Smith 100
1931 3–5 Jun Tommy Armour   Unitit States Carnoustie 296 1 stroke   José Jurado 100
1930 18–20 Jun Bobby Jones (a) (3)   Unitit States Royal Liverpool 291 2 strokes   Leo Diegel
  Macdonald Smith
100
1929 8–10 May Walter Hagen (4)   Unitit States Muirfield 292 6 strokes   Johnny Farrell 75
1928 9–11 May Walter Hagen (3)   Unitit States Royal St George's 292 2 strokes   Gene Sarazen 75
1927 13–15 Jul Bobby Jones (a) (2)   Unitit States St Andrews 285 6 strokes   Aubrey Boomer
  Fred Robson
75
1926 23–25 Jun Bobby Jones (a)   Unitit States Royal Lytham & St Annes 291 2 strokes   Al Watrous 75
1925 25–26 Jun Jim Barnes   Unitit States Prestwick 300 1 stroke   Archie Compston
  Ted Ray
75
1924 26–27 Jun Walter Hagen (2)   Unitit States Royal Liverpool 301 1 stroke   Ernest Whitcombe 75
1923 14–15 Jun Arthur Havers   Ingland Troon 295 1 stroke   Walter Hagen 75
1922 22–23 Jun Walter Hagen   Unitit States Royal St George's 300 1 stroke   Jim Barnes
  George Duncan
75
1921 23–25 Jun Jock Hutchison   Unitit States St Andrews 296 Playoff   Roger Wethered (a) 75
1920 30 Jun – 1 Jul George Duncan   Scotland Royal Cinque Ports 303 2 strokes   Sandy Herd 75
1915–19: No Championships because of World War I
1914 18–19 Jun Harry Vardon (6)   Jersey Prestwick 306 3 strokes   J.H. Taylor 50
1913 23–24 Jun J.H. Taylor (5)   Ingland Royal Liverpool 304 8 strokes   Ted Ray 50
1912 24–25 Jun Ted Ray   Jersey Muirfield 295 4 strokes   Harry Vardon 50
1911 26–30 Jun Harry Vardon (5)   Jersey Royal St George's 303 Playoff   Arnaud Massy 50
1910 21–24 Jun James Braid (5)   Scotland St Andrews 299 4 strokes   Sandy Herd 50
1909 10–11 Jun J.H. Taylor (4)   Ingland Royal Cinque Ports 291 6 strokes   Tom Ball
  James Braid
50
1908 18–19 Jun James Braid (4)   Scotland Prestwick 291 8 strokes   Tom Ball 50
1907 20–21 Jun Arnaud Massy   Fraunce Royal Liverpool 312 2 strokes   J.H. Taylor 50
1906 13–15 Jun James Braid (3)   Scotland Muirfield 300 4 strokes   J.H. Taylor 50
1905 7–9 Jun James Braid (2)   Scotland St Andrews 318 5 strokes   Rowland Jones
  J.H. Taylor
50
1904 8–10 Jun Jack White   Scotland Royal St George's 296 1 stroke   James Braid
  J.H. Taylor
50
1903 10–11 Jun Harry Vardon (4)   Jersey Prestwick 300 6 strokes   Tom Vardon 50
1902 4–5 Jun Sandy Herd   Scotland Royal Liverpool 307 1 stroke   James Braid
  Harry Vardon
50
1901 5–6 Jun James Braid   Scotland Muirfield 309 3 strokes   Harry Vardon 50
1900 6–7 Jun J.H. Taylor (3)   Ingland St Andrews 309 8 strokes   Harry Vardon 50
1899 7–8 Jun Harry Vardon (3)   Jersey St George's 310 5 strokes   Jack White 30
1898 8–9 Jun Harry Vardon (2)   Jersey Prestwick 307 1 stroke   Willie Park, Jnr 30
1897 19–20 May Harold Hilton (a) (2)   Ingland Royal Liverpool 314 1 stroke   James Braid 30
1896 10–11,13 Jun Harry Vardon   Jersey Muirfield 316 Playoff   J.H. Taylor 30
1895 12–13 Jun J.H. Taylor (2)   Ingland St Andrews 322 4 strokes   Sandy Herd 30
1894 11–12 Jun J.H. Taylor   Ingland St George's 326 5 strokes   Douglas Rolland 30
1893 31 Aug – 1 Sep William Auchterlonie   Scotland Prestwick 322 2 strokes   Johnny Laidlay (a) 30
1892 22–23 Sep Harold Hilton (a)   Ingland Muirfield 305 3 strokes   John Ball (a)
  Sandy Herd
  Hugh Kirkaldy
35
1891 6–7 Oct Hugh Kirkaldy   Scotland St Andrews 166 2 strokes   Willie Fernie
  Andrew Kirkaldy
10
1890 11 Sep John Ball (a)   Ingland Prestwick 164 3 strokes   Willie Fernie
  Archie Simpson
13
1889 8,11 Nov Willie Park, Jnr (2)   Scotland Musselburgh 155 Playoff   Andrew Kirkaldy 8
1888 6,8 Oct Jack Burns   Scotland St Andrews 171 1 stroke   David Anderson Jr.
  Ben Sayers
8
1887 16 Sep Willie Park, Jnr   Scotland Prestwick 161 1 stroke   Bob Martin 8
1886 5 Nov David Brown   Scotland Musselburgh 157 2 strokes   Willie Campbell 8
1885 3 Oct Bob Martin (2)   Scotland St Andrews 171 1 stroke   Archie Simpson 10
1884 3 Oct Jack Simpson   Scotland Prestwick 160 4 strokes   Willie Fernie
  Douglas Rolland
8
1883 16–17 Nov Willie Fernie   Scotland Musselburgh 159 Playoff   Bob Ferguson 8
1882 30 Sep Bob Ferguson (3)   Scotland St Andrews 171 3 strokes   Willie Fernie 12
1881 14 Oct Bob Ferguson (2)   Scotland Prestwick 170 3 strokes   Jamie Anderson 8
1880 9 Apr Bob Ferguson   Scotland Musselburgh 162 5 strokes   Peter Paxton 8
1879 27,29 Sep Jamie Anderson (3)   Scotland St Andrews 169 3 strokes   Jamie Allan
  Andrew Kirkaldy
10
1878 4 Oct Jamie Anderson (2)   Scotland Prestwick 157 2 strokes   Bob Kirk 8
1877 6 Apr Jamie Anderson   Scotland Musselburgh 160 2 strokes   Bob Pringle 8
1876 30 Sep, 2 Oct Bob Martin   Scotland St Andrews 176 Playoff   Davie Strath 10
1875 10 Sep Willie Park, Snr (4)   Scotland Prestwick 166 2 strokes   Bob Martin 8
1874 10 Apr Mungo Park   Scotland Musselburgh 159 2 strokes   Tom Morris, Jnr 8
1873 4 Oct Tom Kidd   Scotland St Andrews 179 1 stroke   Jamie Anderson 11
1872 13 Sep Tom Morris, Jnr (4)   Scotland Prestwick 166 3 strokes   Davie Strath 8
1871 Championship cancelled as no trophy available
1870 15 Sep Tom Morris, Jnr (3)   Scotland Prestwick 149 12 strokes   Bob Kirk
  Davie Strath
6
1869 16 Sep Tom Morris, Jnr (2)   Scotland Prestwick 157 11 strokes   Bob Kirk 6
1868 23 Sep Tom Morris, Jnr   Scotland Prestwick 154 3 strokes   Tom Morris, Snr 6
1867 26 Sep Tom Morris, Snr (4)   Scotland Prestwick 170 2 strokes   Willie Park, Snr 7
1866 13 Sep Willie Park, Snr (3)   Scotland Prestwick 169 2 strokes   Davie Park 6
1865 14 Sep Andrew Strath   Scotland Prestwick 162 2 strokes   Willie Park, Snr 8
1864 16 Sep Tom Morris, Snr (3)   Scotland Prestwick 167 2 strokes   Andrew Strath 6
1863 18 Sep Willie Park, Snr (2)   Scotland Prestwick 168 2 strokes   Tom Morris, Snr -
1862 11 Sep Tom Morris, Snr (2)   Scotland Prestwick 163 13 strokes   Willie Park, Snr -
1861 26 Sep Tom Morris, Snr   Scotland Prestwick 163 4 strokes   Willie Park, Snr -
1860 17 Oct Willie Park, Snr   Scotland Prestwick 174 2 strokes   Tom Morris, Snr -

(a) denotes amateur
"Dates" column includes aw days on which play teuk place or wis planned tae take place, includin ony playoffs