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UisageEedit

In Inglis an maist ither European leids, P is a voiceless bilabial plosive. Baith ineetial an final ‹p›s can be combined wi mony ither discrete consonants in Inglis wirds. A common example o assimilation is the tendency o prefixes endin in ‹n› tae assume an ‹m› soond afore ‹p›s (such as: in + pulseimpulse — see: Leet o Latin wirds wi Inglis derivatives).

A common digraph in Inglis is ‹ph›, which represents the voiceless labiodental fricative /f/, an can be uised tae transleeterate Phi (‹φ›) in loanwords frae Greek. In German, the digraph ‹pf› is common, representin a labial affricate o /pf/.

Arabic speakers are uisually unaccustomed tae pronooncin /p/; thay pronoonce it as /b/. In wirds that Arabic inheritit frae the Proto-Semitic leid, /p/ is uisually pronoonced /f/.

Maist Inglis wirds beginnin wi P are o foreign origin, primarily French, Latin, Greek, an Slavic; thir leids preserve Proto-Indo-European initial /*p/. Native Inglis cognates o sic wirds eften stairt wi F, syne Inglis is a Germanic leid an sicweys haes unnergone Grimm's law; a native Inglis wird wi initial /p/ wad reflect Proto-Indo-European ineetial /*b/, which is sae rare that its existence as a phoneme is disputit.

Houiver, native Inglish wirds wi non-initial P are quite common; sic wirds can come frae aither Kluge's law or the sp combination; PIE /*p/ is preserved efter s.

HistoryEedit

Phoenician
P
Archaic Greek
Pi
Greek
Pi
Etruscan
P
Latin
P
         

Relatit letters an ither similar charactersEedit

The Latin letter P represents the same soond as the Greek letter pi, but it leuks lik the Greek letter rho.

Computin codesEedit

Character P p
Unicode name LATIN CAIPITAL LETTER P     LATIN SMAA LETTER P
Encodins decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 80 U+0050 112 U+0070
UTF-8 80 50 112 70
Numeric chairacter reference P P p p
EBCDIC faimily 215 D7 151 97
ASCII 1 80 50 112 70
1 An aa for encodins based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodins.

Ither representationsEedit

ReferencesEedit

  1. "P", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "pee," op. cit.

Freemit airtinsEedit

  •   Media relatit tae P at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionar defineetion o P at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionar defineetion o p at Wiktionary


Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter P with diacritics
Ṕṕ Ṗṗ Ᵽᵽ Ƥƥ P̃p̃
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