ISO basic Laitin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg
Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu
Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

Cursive script 'i' and capital 'I' in the U.S. D'Nealian script style

I (named i /ˈ/, plural ies)[1] is the nint letter an a vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

History eedit

Egyptian hieroglyph ꜥ Phoenician

In Semitic, the letter mey hae originatit in a hieroglyph for an airm that representit a voiced pharyngeal fricative (/ʕ/) in Egyptian, but wis reassigned tae /j/ (as in Inglis "yes") bi Semites, acause thair wird for "airm" began wi that soond. This letter coud an aa be uised tae represent /i/, the close front unrounded vowel, mainly in foreign wirds.

The Greeks adoptit a fairm o this Phoenician yodh as thair letter iota (⟨Ι, ι⟩) tae represent /i/, the same as in the Auld Italic alphabet. In Latin (as in Modren Greek), it wis an aa uised tae represent /j/ an this uise persists in the leids that descendit frae Latin. The modren letter 'j' wis firstly a variation o 'i', an baith wur uised interchyngeably for baith the vowel an the consonant, comin tae be differentiated anly in the 16t century. The dot ower the lawercase 'i' is whiles cried a tittle. In the Turkish alphabet, dotted an dotless I are considered separate letters, representin a front an back vowel, respectively, an baith hae uppercase ('I', 'İ') an lawercase ('ı', 'i') fairms.

In modren Inglis, 'i' represents different soonds, aither a "lang" diphthong /aɪ/ as in kite, which developed frae Middlin Inglis /iː/ efter the Great Vowel Shift o the 15t century, or the "short" /ɪ/ as in bill.

Uisage eedit

The letter 'I' is the fift maist common letter in the Inglis leid. It is an aa uised in mathematics tae denote the imaginary unit  

Computin codes eedit

Character I i
Encodins decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 73 U+0049 105 U+0069
UTF-8 73 49 105 69
Numeric chairacter reference I I i i
EBCDIC faimily 201 C9 137 89
ASCII 1 73 49 105 69
1 An aa for encodings based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodins.

Ither representations eedit

See an aa eedit

Relatit letters an ither similar characters eedit

References eedit

  1. Brown & Kiddle (1870) The institutes of English grammar, p. 19.
    Ies is the plural of the English name of the letter; the plural of the letter itself is rendered I's, Is, i's, or is.

Freemit airtins eedit

  •   Media relatit tae I at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionar defineetion o I at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionar defineetion o i at Wiktionary

The ISO basic Laitin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter I with diacritics
Í í Ì ì Ĭ ĭ Î î Ǐ ǐ Ïï Ḯḯ Ĩĩ Į į Ī ī Ỉ ỉ Ȉ ȉ Ȋ ȋ Ị ị Ḭ ḭ Ɨ ɨ İ i I ı