ISO basic Laitin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg
Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu
Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
D'Nealian Cursive.svg
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Circle sheer blue 29.png
Cursive script 'n' and capital 'N' in the U.S. D'Nealian script style

N (named en /ˈɛn/[1]) is the fowerteent letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

History o the fairmsEedit

Ane o the maist common hieroglyphs, snake, wis uised in Egyptian writin tae staund for a soond lik the Inglish ⟨J⟩, acause the Egyptian wird for "snake" wis djet. It is speculatit bi mony that Semitic fowk wirkin in Egyp adaptit hieroglyphics tae creaut the first alphabet, an that thay uised the same snake seembol tae represent N, acause thair wird for "snake" mey hae begun wi that soond. Houiver, the name for the letter in the Phoenician, Ebreu, Aramaic an Arabic alphabets is nun, which means "fish" in some o thir leids. The soond value o the letter wis /n/—as in Greek, Etruscan, Latin an aw modren leids.

Egyptian hieroglyph
for J


N represents a dental or alveolar nasal in virtually aw leids that uise the Latin alphabet, an in the Internaitional Phonetic Alphabet. A common digraph wi 'n' is 'ng', which represents a velar nasal in a variety o leids, uisually poseetioned wird-finally in Inglis. Eften, afore a velar plosive (as in ink or jungle), 'n' alane represents a velar nasal. In Italian an French, 'gn' represents a palatal nasal (/ɲ/). The Portuguese an Vietnamese spellin for this soond is 'nh', while Spainyie an a few ither leids uise the letter 'ñ'. In Inglis, 'n' is generally silent when it is precedit bi an 'm' at the end o wirds, as in hymn; houiver, 'n' is pronoonced in this combination when occurring wird medially, as in hymnal.

'n' is the saxt maist common letter an the seicont-maist commonly uised consonant in the Inglis leid (efter 't').

In mathematics, the italic form (n) is the common seembol for a variable quantity, especially ane which represents an integer.   is eften uised tae refer tae the set o natural nummers.

In statistics, the italic fairm (n) is uised tae denote the nummer o observations or replicates includit in a statistical sample.

In chemistry, N represents the element Nitrogen. In biochemistry, N is the ane-letter code seembol for the amino acid asparagine. It is an aa the seembol for the SI unit o force, the newton.

Relatit letters an ither similar charactersEedit

Computin codesEedit

Character N n
Encodins decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 78 U+004E 110 U+006E
UTF-8 78 4E 110 6E
Numeric chairacter reference N N n n
EBCDIC faimily 213 0 D5 149 0 95
ASCII 1 78 0 4E 110 0 6E
1 An aa for encodins based on ASCII, includin the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 an Macintosh faimilies o encodins.

Ither representationsEedit


  1. "N" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "en," op. cit.

Freemit airtinsEedit

  •   Media relatit tae N at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionar defineetion o N at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionar defineetion o n at Wiktionary

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter N with diacritics
Ńń Ǹǹ Ňň Ññ Ṅṅ Ņņ Ṇṇ Ṋṋ Ṉṉ N̈n̈ Ɲɲ Ƞƞ Ŋŋ Ꞑꞑ ɳ ȵ