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Khimki (Roushie: Химки) is a ceety in Moscow Oblast, Roushie, situatit juist northwast o Moscow, at the wast bank o the Moscow Canal. Population: 207,425 (2010 Census);[2] 141,000 (2002 Census);[7] 132,902 (1989 Census);[8] 106,000 (1977); 23,000 (1939).

Khimki
Химки
City[1]
Babakina Street in Khimki (Februar 2010)
Babakina Street in Khimki (Februar 2010)
Banner o Khimki
Banner
Coat o airms o Khimki
Coat o airms
Location o Khimki
Khimki is locatit in Roushie
Khimki
Khimki
Location o Khimki
Khimki is locatit in Moscow Oblast
Khimki
Khimki
Khimki (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°54′N 37°27′E / 55.900°N 37.450°E / 55.900; 37.450Coordinates: 55°54′N 37°27′E / 55.900°N 37.450°E / 55.900; 37.450
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Foondit 1939
Govrenment
 • Mayor Vladimir Strelchenko
Aurie
 • Total 109.79 km2 (42.39 sq mi)
Elevation 180 m (590 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[2]
 • Tot 207,425
 • Estimate (2018)[3] 250,688 (+20.9%)
 • Rank 90t in 2010
 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
 • Subordinatit tae Khimki Ceety Unner Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Caipital o Khimki Ceety Unner Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
 • Urban okrug Khimki Urban Okrug[4]
 • Caipital o Khimki Urban Okrug[4]
Time zone Moscow Time Eedit this on Wikidata[5] (UTC+3)
Postal code(s)[6] 141400-141446
Dialin code(s) +7 495, 498
Twin touns GrodnoEedit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID 46783000001
Wabsteid admhimki.ru

Table o contents

HistoryEedit

Khimki wis offeecially foondit in 1939.[9] It wis establisht aroond a railwey station wi the same name which haed existit syne 1850 on the Moscow-Saunt Petersburg Railwey. Currently, the ceety o Khimki is directly adjacent tae the territory o the ceety o Moscow.

Khimki wis the steid o the closest German advance tae Moscow in November–Dizember 1941. A memorial markin this in a form o a giant tank trap is locatit at the "Kilometer 23" pynt (55°54´46.103"N, 37°24´10.577"E) o Leningradskoye Heich-gate, the highway tae St. Petersburg, juist short o a intersection wi the Moscow-St.Petersburg railwey, an close tae the IKEA shoppin center.

Efter Warld War II, Khimki became hame tae several Soviet aerospace defence development centres, which became the principal employers for the majority o the ceety population. This included R&D enterprises which designed surface-tae-air missiles for S-75, S-125, S-200, S-300 Soviet air defence seestems, ingines for intercontinental ballistic missiles an satellite launch vehicles, an ither teeps o equipment. For this raison, Khimki wis aff leemits for aw foreigners visitin the kintra, despite its location on a heich-gate atween Moscow an its major internaitional airport.

Admeenistrative an municipal statusEedit

Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, it is incorporatit as Khimki Ceety Unner Oblast Jurisdiction—an admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[1] As a municipal diveesion, Khimki Ceety Unner Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporatit as Khimki Urban Okrug.[4]

Present dayEedit

In recent years, the population o the ceety o Khimki haes continued tae grow rapidly due tae massive residential biggin construction driven bi its proximity tae the Moscow megapolis which is densely populatit an needs new auries for expansion.

The ceety enjoys a great deal o commercial activity due tae its location atween Moscow an ane o its main airports, Sheremetyevo. Some aerospace development centres locatit in Khimki currently contribute tae a program o the Internaitional Space Station.

The ceety is hame tae ane o the lairgest shoppin maws in Roushie, which featurs French chain store Auchan an Swadish furnitur retailer IKEA.

In 2010, the ceety wis the location o protests ower the new Moscow-Saunt Petersburg motorwey bein biggit throu the Khimki Forest.[10]

SportsEedit

See an awEedit

ReferencesEedit

NotesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Law #12/2001-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. http://www.msko.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_ts/msko/resources/c7954d80450b9e608f41afde4cdebdf4/Оценка+численности+постоянного+населения+Московской+области+по+состоянию+на+1+января++2018+г.doc.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Law #50/2005-OZ
  5. "Об исчислении времени" [On the calculation of time]. Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Roushie). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019. 
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  7. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. Город Химки, Московская область(in Roushie)
  10. "Russia halts forest highway construction as opposition grows". Chicago Tribune. 2010-08-26. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2012-10-25. 

SourcesEedit

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №72/2015-ОЗ от 5 мая 2015 г. «Об отнесении города Озёры Озёрского района Московской области к категории города областного подчинения Московской области, упразднении Озёрского района Московской области и внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of Januar 31, 2013 On the Admeenistrative-Territorial Structur o Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #72/2015-OZ of Mey 5, 2015 On Re-Clessifeein the Toun o Ozyory in Ozyorsky Destrict o Moscow Oblast as the Toun Unner Oblast Jurisdiction, on Abolishin Ozyorsky Destrict o Moscow Oblast, an on Amendin the Law o Moscow Oblast "On the Admeenistrative-Territorial Structur o Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day follaein the day o the offeecial publication (Januar 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №50/2005-ОЗ от 22 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границе городского округа Химки», в ред. Закона №6/2013-ОЗ от 30 января 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Химки"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №40–41, 5 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #50/2005-OZ of February 22, 2005 On the Status and the Border of Khimki Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #6/2013-OZ of January 30, 2013 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Border of Khimki Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).