Johannesburg (Inglis: /dʒoʊˈhænɪsbɜrɡ/, Afrikaans: [joˈhɑnəsbʏrx]) forbye kent as Jozi, Jo'burg or eGoli, is the lairgest ceety in Sooth Africae. Johannesburg is the provincial caipital o Gauteng, the weelthiest province in Sooth Africae, haein the lairgest economy o ony metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africae. The ceety is ane o the 40 lairgest metropolitan auries in the warld,[7] an is the warld's lairgest ceety that isna situatit on a river, loch, or coastline.[8]

Johannesburg
City of Johannesburg
Clockwise, frae tap: Johannesburg Airt Gailerie, the Hillbrow skyline at nicht, Nelson Mandela Square in Sandton, Johannesburg CBD leukin east ower the M1 Freewey, the Varsity o the Witwatersrand's East Campus an Montecasino in Fourways.
Clockwise, frae tap: Johannesburg Airt Gailerie, the Hillbrow skyline at nicht, Nelson Mandela Square in Sandton, Johannesburg CBD leukin east ower the M1 Freewey, the Varsity o the Witwatersrand's East Campus an Montecasino in Fourways.
Banner o Johannesburg
Banner
Coat o airms o Johannesburg
Coat o airms
Eik-name(s): 
Jo'burg; Jozi; Mudi Mulila Ngoma (Venda version), Joni (Tsonga version); Egoli (Place o Gowd); Gauteng (Place o Gowd)
Motto(s): 
"Unity in development"[1]
KintraSooth Africae
ProvinceGauteng
MunicipalityCeety o Johannesburg
Established1886[2]
Govrenment
 • TeepMetropolitan municipality
 • MayorHerman Mashaba (DA)
Area
 • City334.81 km2 (129.27 sq mi)
Elevation
1,753 m (5,751 ft)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Ceety957,441
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
 • Metro9,616,000
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African64.2%
 • Coloured13.9%
 • Indian/Asian6.7%
 • White13.9%
 • Other1.3%
First leids (2011)
 • Inglis31.1%
 • Zulu19.6%
 • Afrikaans12.1%
 • Xhosa5.2%
 • Other31.9%
Postal code (street)
2001
PO box
2000
Aurie code011
HDIIncrease 0.75 High (2012)[5]
GDPUS$ 83.9 billion[6]
GDP per capitaUS$ 18,918[6]
Wabsteidwww.joburg.org.za

While Johannesburg isnae offeecially ane o Sooth Africae's three caipital ceeties, it does hoose the Constitutional Court Sooth Africae's heichest court. The ceety is the source o a lairge-scale gowd an diamond trade, due tae its location on the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range o braes. Johannesburg is served bi O.R. Tambo Internaitional Airport, the lairgest an busiest airport in Africae an a gateway for internaitional air travel tae an frae the rest o soothren Africae. Mair recently, Lanseria Internaitional Airport haes stairtit internaitional flichts an is situatit conveniently on the conter side o the metropolis.

Accordin tae the 2007 Community Survey, the population o the municipal ceety wis 3,888,180 an the population o the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area wis 7,151,447. A braider definition o the Johannesburg metropolitan aurie, includin Ekhuruleni, the Wast Rand, Soweto an Lenasia, haes a population o 10,267,700. The municipal ceety's land aurie o 1,645 km2 (635 sq mi) is vera lairge whan compared tae ither ceeties, resultin in a moderate population density o 2,364 /km2 (6,120 /sq mi).

Johannesburg includes Soweto, that wis a separate ceety frae the late 1970s til the 1990s. Oreeginally an acronym for "SOuth-WEstern TOwnships", Soweto oreeginatit as a collection o settlements outby fae Johannesburg populatit maistly bi native African wirkers in the gowd minin industry. Eventually incorporatit intae Johannesburg, the apartheid regime (in pouer 1949–1994) separatit Soweto frae the rest o Johannesburg for tae mak it a complete Black aurie. Lenasie is nou pairt o Johannesburg an aw an is an aurie predominantly populatit bi those o Indian ethnicity syne the apartheid era.

Gauteng is grawin rapidly due tae mass urbanisation that is a feature o mony developin kintras. Accordin tae the State o the Ceeties Report, the urban portion o Gauteng comprisin primarily the ceeties o Johannesburg, Ekurhuleni (the East Rand) an Tshwane (greater Pretoria) will be a polycentric urban region wi a projectit population o some 14.6 million fowk bi 2015.

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — sister ceetiesEedit

Johannesburg's twin touns an sister ceeties are:[9]

Kintra Ceety
  Addis Ababa
  Baku
  Birmingham
  Lunnon
  Mumbai
  New Delhi
  New York Ceety
  Windhoek
  São Paulo
  Rio de Janeiro
  Kathmandu

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Johannesburg (South Africa)". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
  2. "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20–26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Main Place Johannesburg". Census 2011.
  4. "The World's Cities in 2016" (PDF). United Nations. 2016. p. 11.
  5. "Gauteng's Human Development Index" (PDF). Gauteng City-Region Observatory. 2013. p. 1. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 11 January 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 Juin 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  7. &Copy; Th. Brinkhoff (2010-01-23). "Principal Agglomerations of the World". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  8. "Johannesburg". Southafrica.to. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  9. "Twinning agreements". Making Joburg an entry point into Africa. City of Johannesburg. Retrieved 28 August 2009.

Freemit airtinsEedit

Govrenment

Other