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Gibraltar (Inglis pronunciation: /dʒɨˈbrɒltəɹ/;Spaingie pronunciation: [xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) is a Breetish owerseas territory locatit on the soothren end o the Iberie Peninsulae at the entrance o the Mediterranean. It haes an aurie o 6.8 square kilometres (2.6 sq mi) an a northren border wi Andalusie, Spain. The Rock o Gibraltar is the major laundmerk o the region. At its fuit is the densely populatit ceety aurie, hame tae amaist 30,000 Gibraltarians an ither naitionalities.[8]

Gibraltar
Banner o Gibraltar
Banner
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat o airms
Motto: "Montis Insignia Calpe" (Laitin)
"Badge o the Rock o Gibraltar"[1]
Anthem: "God Save the Queen" (offeecial)

"Gibraltar Anthem" (local)[2]
Location o  Gibraltar  (daurk green) – on the European continent  (green & daurk grey) – in the European Union  (green)
Location o  Gibraltar  (daurk green)

– on the European continent  (green & daurk grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Map o Gibraltar
Map o Gibraltar
Status Breetish Owerseas Territory
Caipital Gibraltar
36°8′N 5°21′W / 36.133°N 5.350°W / 36.133; -5.350
Lairgest district
(by population)
Westside
Offeecial leids Inglis
Spoken leids Inglis
Spaingie
Llanito
Ethnic groups Gibraltarian[a]
Breetish
Maghrebis
South Asian
Demonym Gibraltarian
Llanito (colloquial)
Govrenment Representative democratic pairlamentar dependency unner constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Govrenor
Ed Davis
Fabian Picardo
• Mayor
Kaiane Aldorino
• UK government minister[b]
Alan Duncan MP
Legislatur Pairlament
Formation
• Capturt
4 August 1704[3]
• Cedit
11 Apryle 1713[4]
10 September 1967
• Jynt the EEC
1 Januar 1973[c]
Aurie
• Total
6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 2015 estimate
32,194[5] (222nt)
• Density
4,328/km2 (11,209.5/sq mi) (5t)
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
• Total
£1.64 billion
• Per capita
£50,941 (n/a)
HDI (2015) 0.961[6]
verra heich · 5th
Currency Gibraltar poond (£)[d] (GIP)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drivin side right[e]
Cawin code +350[f]
Patron saunt
ISO 3166 code GI
Internet TLD .gi[g]
  1. ^ O mixed Genoese, Maltese, Portuguese an Spaingie strynd.
  2. ^ Meenister o State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office wi responsibility for Europe an the Americaes.
  3. ^ As a Special Member State territory o the Unitit Kinrick.
  4. ^ Cunyies an sterling notes are issued bi the Govrenment o Gibraltar.
  5. ^ Unlik aw ither UK dependencies except the Breetish Indie Ocean Territory, syne 16 Juin 1929.
  6. ^ 9567 frae Spain before 10 Februar 2007.
  7. ^ The .eu domain is an aw uised, shared wi ither European Union member states.

    UK Postcode: GX11 1AA
    [7]

An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar frae Spain in 1704 durin the War o the Spaingie Succession. The territory wis subsequently cedit tae Breetain "in perpetuity" unner the Treaty o Utrecht in 1713. It wis an important base for the Ryal Navy; the day its economy is based lairgely on tourism, financial services, an shippin.[9][10]

The sovereignty o Gibraltar is a major pynt o contention in Anglo-Spaingie relations as Spain asserts a claim tae the territory.[10] Gibraltarians rejectit proposals for Spainyie sovereignty in a 1967 referendum an again in 2002. Unner the Gibraltar constitution o 2006, Gibraltar govrens its awn affairs, tho some pouers, such as defence an foreign relations, remain the responsibility o the UK Govrenment.

Table o contents

EtymologieEedit

The name Gibraltar is the Spaingie derivation o the Arabic name Jabal-ı Tārık (جبل طارق), meanin "muntain o Tariq."[11] It refers tae the geological formation, the Rock o Gibraltar, which in turn wis namit efter the Berber Umayyad general Tariq ibn-Ziyad who led the initial incursion intae Iberie in advance o the main Moorish force in 711 unner the command o Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I. Earlier, it wis kent as Mons Calpe, ane o the Pillars of Hercules. The day, Gibraltar is colloquially referred tae as Gib or the Rock.

Toun twinninsEedit

Current

See an awEedit

ReferencesEedit

  1. "National Symbols". Gibraltar.gov.gi. Archived frae the oreeginal on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  2. "Gibraltar: National anthem". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 25 September 2011. National anthem: name: "Gibraltar Anthem" ... note: adopted 1994; serves as a local anthem; because Gibraltar is a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom) 
  3. Gibraltar wis capturt on 24 Julie 1704 Auld Style or 4 August 1704 New Style.
  4. The treaty wis signed on 31 Mairch 1713 Auld Style or 11 Apryle 1713 New Style (Peace an Friendship Treaty o Utrecht atween Fraunce an Great Breetain).
  5. "Census of Gibraltar" (PDF). Gibraltar.gov.gi. 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2017. 
  6. Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons (2015) Avakov, Aleksandr Vladimirovich. Algora Publishing, 1 April 2015.
  7. "Universal Postal Union document on Gibraltar" (PDF). Upu.int. Retrieved 3 August 2017. 
  8. "Abstract of Statistics 2009, Statistics Office of the Government of Gibraltar" (PDF). p. 2.  |first1= missin |last1= in Authors list (help) The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents (including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen, but not the servicemen themselves) and non-British residents. Visitors and transients are not included. In 2009, this broke down into 23,907 native born, 3,129 UK British, 2,395 Other for a total population of 29,431. On census night there were 31,623 people present in Gibraltar.
  9. Country Profiles: Gibraltar, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 6 May 2010; retrieved 15 May 2010
  10. 10.0 10.1 Informe sobre la cuestión de Gibraltar, Spanish Foreign Ministry (in Spaingie)
  11. "History of Gibraltar". Government of Gibraltar. Retrieved 20 December 2007. [deid airtin]

Freemit airtinsEedit