Gibraltar (Inglis pronunciation: /dʒɨˈbrɒltəɹ/;Spaingie pronunciation: [xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) is a wee Breetish owerseas territory locatit on the soothren end o the Iberie Peninsulae at the entrance o the Mediterranean. It haes an aurie o 6.8 square kilometre (2.6 sq mi) an a northren border wi Andalusie, Spain. The Rock o Gibraltar is the major laundmerk o the region. At its fuit is the densely populatit ceety aurie, hame tae amaist 30,000 Gibraltarians an ither naitionalities.[8]


Banner o Gibraltar
Coat o airms o Gibraltar
Coat o airms
Motto: "Montis Insignia Calpe" (Laitin)
"Badge o the Rock o Gibraltar"[1]
Anthem"God Save the King" (offeecial)

"Gibraltar Anthem" (local)[2]
Location o  Gibraltar  (daurk green) – on the European continent  (green & daurk grey) – in the European Union  (green)
Location o  Gibraltar  (daurk green)

– on the European continent  (green & daurk grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Map o Gibraltar
Map o Gibraltar
StatusBreetish Owerseas Territory
36°8′N 5°21′W / 36.133°N 5.350°W / 36.133; -5.350
Lairgest district
(by population)
Offeecial leidsInglis
Spoken leidsInglis
Ethnic groups
South Asian
Llanito (colloquial)
GovrenmentRepresentative democratic pairlamentar dependency unner constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Charles III
• Govrenor
Sir David Steel
Fabian Picardo
• Mayor
John Gonçalves
• UK government minister[b]
Wendy Morton MP
• Capturt
4 August 1704[3]
• Cedit
11 Apryle 1713[4]
10 September 1967
• Jynt the EEC
1 Januar 1973[c]
• Total
6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
32,194[5] (222nt)
• Density
4,328/km2 (11,209.5/sq mi) (5t)
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
• Total
£1.64 billion
• Per capita
£50,941 (n/a)
HDI (2015)0.961[6]
verra heich · 5th
CurrencyGibraltar poond (£)[d] (GIP)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drivin sideright[e]
Cawin code+350[f]
ISO 3166 codeGI
  1. ^ O mixed Genoese, Maltese, Portuguese an Spaingie strynd.
  2. ^ Meenister o State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office wi responsibility for Europe an the Americaes.
  3. ^ As a Special Member State territory o the Unitit Kinrick.
  4. ^ Cunyies an sterling notes are issued bi the Govrenment o Gibraltar.
  5. ^ Unlik aw ither UK dependencies except the Breetish Indie Ocean Territory, syne 16 Juin 1929.
  6. ^ 9567 frae Spain before 10 Februar 2007.
  7. ^ The .eu domain is an aw uised, shared wi ither European Union member states.

    UK Postcode: GX11 1AA

An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar frae Spain in 1704 durin the War o the Spaingie Succession. The territory wis subsequently cedit tae Breetain "in perpetuity" unner the Treaty o Utrecht in 1713. It wis an important base for the Ryal Navy; the day its economy is based lairgely on tourism, financial services, an shippin.[9][10]

The sovereignty o Gibraltar is a major pynt o contention in Anglo-Spaingie relations as Spain asserts a claim tae the territory.[10] Gibraltarians rejectit proposals for Spainyie sovereignty in a 1967 referendum an again in 2002. Unner the Gibraltar constitution o 2006, Gibraltar govrens its awn affairs, tho some pouers, such as defence an foreign relations, remain the responsibility o the UK Govrenment.

Etymologie eedit

The name Gibraltar is the Spaingie derivation o the Arabic name Jabal-ı Tārık (جبل طارق), meanin "muntain o Tariq."[11] It refers tae the geological formation, the Rock o Gibraltar, which in turn wis namit efter the Berber Umayyad general Tariq ibn-Ziyad who led the initial incursion intae Iberie in advance o the main Moorish force in 711 unner the command o Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I. Earlier, it wis kent as Mons Calpe, ane o the Pillars of Hercules. The day, Gibraltar is colloquially referred tae as Gib or the Rock.

Toun twinnins eedit


See an aw eedit

References eedit

  1. "National Symbols". Archived frae the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 21 Juin 2013. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  2. "Gibraltar: National anthem". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the original on 12 Apryle 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2011. National anthem: name: "Gibraltar Anthem" ... note: adopted 1994; serves as a local anthem; because Gibraltar is a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom)
  3. Gibraltar wis capturt on 24 Julie 1704 Auld Style or 4 August 1704 New Style.
  4. The treaty wis signed on 31 Mairch 1713 Auld Style or 11 Apryle 1713 New Style (Peace an Friendship Treaty o Utrecht atween Fraunce an Great Breetain).
  5. "Census of Gibraltar" (PDF). 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  6. Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons (2015) Avakov, Aleksandr Vladimirovich. Algora Publishing, 1 April 2015.
  7. "Universal Postal Union document on Gibraltar" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 13 Apryle 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  8. "Abstract of Statistics 2009, Statistics Office of the Government of Gibraltar" (PDF). p. 2. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2012. |first= missin |last= (help)The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents (including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen, but not the servicemen themselves) and non-British residents. Visitors and transients are not included. In 2009, this broke down into 23,907 native born, 3,129 UK British, 2,395 Other for a total population of 29,431. On census night there were 31,623 people present in Gibraltar.
  9. Country Profiles: Gibraltar, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 6 May 2010; retrieved 15 May 2010
  10. a b Informe sobre la cuestión de Gibraltar, Spanish Foreign Ministry (in Spaingie)
  11. "History of Gibraltar". Government of Gibraltar. Archived frae the original on 3 Januar 2008. Retrieved 20 December 2007.

Freemit airtins eedit