Gaziantep (Ottoman Turkis: Ayintap; previously an still informally cawed Antep; ʻayn tāb [ʕajn tæːb]; North Sirian vernacular: ʻəntāb [ʕɪ̈nˈtæːb], adj. ʻəntēbī [ʕɪ̈nˈtɛːbiː]) is the caipital ceety o the Gaziantep Province in Turkey. It is amangst the auldest continually inhabitit ceeties in the warld. The ceety haes twa central destricts unner its administration, Şahinbey an Şehitkamil, an the metropolitan aurie haes a total population o 1,252,329[1] (2007) and an area of 7,642 km² (2,950 sq mi).[2] Gaziantep is the saxt lairgest ceety in Turkey an the lairgest ceety in the kintra's Sootheastren Anatolie Region.

EtymologyEedit

Gaziantep wis oreeginally cawed Aïntap (frae Arabic عين تاب) but efter some centuries the name shiftit tae Antep. The oreegin o the name is shroudit in mystery, but there are several theories:

  • "Aïntap" mey be derived frae "Khantap", meanin "keeng's land" in the Hittite leid.
  • "Aïntap" means "full o springs" in Persian.
  • "Aïn", a wird o praise, an "tap", meanin "spring", mey hae combined tae form the name.
  • "Ayin ţaba" means "guid spring" in Aramaic (housomeivver, the Arabic name for the ceety is spelled with t, not ṭ)

In 1921, "Antep" wis legally renamed "Gaziantep", meaning "Victorious Antep".[3]

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns - Sister ceetiesEedit

Gaziantep is twinned wi:

ReferencesEedit

  1. Türkiye istatistik kurumu Address-based population survey 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-21.
  2. Statoids, Districts of Turkey Retrieved on 2008-03-21.
  3. http://www.gaziantep.gov.tr/index.php?page_id=402
  4. "Cities Twinned with Duisburg". www.duisburg.de. Retrieved 7 Mey 2009.
  5. "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). © 2009 Twins2010.com. Retrieved 28 October 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)


Coordinates: 37°04′N 37°23′E / 37.07°N 37.38°E / 37.07; 37.38