The Erse leid (Airisch or Airish in Ulstèr-Scotch; Erse: Gaeilge, Gaoluinn, Gaedhlag) is a Celtic leid frae Ireland. It is sib tae Scots an Manx Gaelic, an is ane o the twa offeecial leids o the Republic o Ireland an ane o the thrie o Northren Ireland. Frae the 1st o Januar 2007, the Erse leid becam ane o the offeecial leids o the E.U. The Erse spak in Dunnygal is the nearest tae Scots Gaelic, but ither dialects isna sae eith tae lift for Scots Gaelic spickers.

Erse
Gaeilge
Pronunciation[ˈɡˠeːlʲɟə]
Native taeIreland
EthnicityErse fowk
Native speakers
73,803 daily speakers in Ireland (2016)[1]
4,166 in Northren Ireland[2]
L1 speakers: 141,000 in the EU (2012).[3]
L2 speakers: 1,761,420 in the Republic of Ireland (2016),[1] 104,943 in Northern Ireland (2011)[2]
Early forms
Staundart forms
An Caighdeán Oifigiúil
Laitin (Erse alphabet)
Erse Braille
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Ireland (Statutory leid o naitional identity (1937, Constitution, Article 8(1)). Nae widely uised as an L2 in aw pairts o the kintra. Encouraged bi the govrenment.)
 European Union
Recognised minority
leid in
Regulatit biForas na Gaeilge
Leid codes
ISO 639-1ga
ISO 639-2gle
ISO 639-3gle
Glottologiris1253[5]
Linguasphere50-AAA
Irish speakers in 2011.png
Proportion o respondents that said thay coud speak Erse in the Republic o Ireland an Northren Ireland censuses o 2011.
This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.

The pairts whaur Erse is still spak for common bi fowk is thegither cried the Gaeltacht. It is sindry bits o the kintra, whiles juist a single clachan, skailt athort sieven coonties - Dunnygal an Galway (the twa wi the maist), Mayo, Kerry, Cork, Waterford, an Meath. There's a wee pairt o Belfast whaur mony fowk spicks Erse an aw.

Aboot 1.66 million fowk spik Erse.

ReferencesEedit

  1. a b "7. The Irish language" (PDF). Cso.ie. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  2. a b "2011 Census, Key Statistics for Northern Ireland" (PDF). Nisra.gov.uk. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 8 Mairch 2013. Retrieved 10 Juin 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. "Irish: Ethnologue". Ethnologue. Retrieved 30 December 2018. L1 users: 141,000 (European Commission 2012)
  4. "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 - European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages". Archived frae the original on 16 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  5. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Irish". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.