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William Howard Taft (15 September 1857 – 8 Mairch 1930) wis the 27nt Preses o the Unitit States frae 1909 tae 1913, an aa later Chief Juistice o the Unitit States, the anerly person tae hae held baith offices. Taft wis electit preses in 1908, the chuisen successor o Theodore Roosevelt, but wis defeatit for re-election bi Woodrow Wilson in 1912 efter Roosevelt split the Republican vote bi runnin as a third-pairty candidate. In 1921, Preses Warren G. Harding appyntit Taft tae be chief juistice, a poseetion in that he served till a month afore his daith.

William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft cph.3b35813.jpg
27t Preses o the Unitit States
In office
4 Mairch 1909 – 4 Mairch 1913
Vice Preses James S. Sherman (1909–1912)
Nane (1912–1913)[lower-alpha 1]
Precedit bi Theodore Roosevelt
Succeedit bi Woodrow Wilson
10t Chief Juistice o the Unitit States
In office
11 Julie 1921 – 3 Februar 1930
Nominatit bi Warren G. Harding
Precedit bi Edward Douglass White
Succeedit bi Charles Evans Hughes
42nt Unitit States Secretar o War
In office
1 Februar 1904 – 30 Juin 1908
Preses Theodore Roosevelt
Precedit bi Elihu Root
Succeedit bi Luke Edward Wright
1st Proveesional Govrenor o Cuba
In office
29 September 1906 – 13 October 1906
Appyntit bi Theodore Roosevelt
Precedit bi Tomás Estrada Palma
(as Preses)
Succeedit bi Charles Edward Magoon
Govrenor-General o the Philippines
In office
4 Julie 1901 – 23 December 1903
Appyntit bi William McKinley
Precedit bi Arthur MacArthur, Jr.
(Military Governor)
Succeedit bi Luke Edward Wright
Juidge o the Unitit States Coort o Appeals for the Saxt Circuit
In office
17 Mairch 1892 – 15 Mairch 1900
Appyntit bi Benjamin Harrison
Precedit bi Seat established
Succeedit bi Henry Franklin Severens
6t Soleecitor General o the Unitit States
In office
4 Februar 1890 – 20 Mairch 1892[1]
Preses Benjamin Harrison
Precedit bi Orlow W. Chapman
Succeedit bi Charles H. Aldrich
Personal details
Born 15 September 1857(1857-09-15)
Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
Dee'd 8 Mairch 1930(1930-03-08) (aged 72)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Restin place Arlington Naitional Seemetry
Poleetical pairty Republican
Spoose(s) Helen Herron (m. 1886)
Bairns
Parents Alphonso Taft
Lousia Maria Torrey
Eddication Yale University (BA)
Varsity o Cincinnati (LLB)
Signatur Cursive signature in ink

Taft wis born in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1857. His faither, Alphonso Taft, wis a U.S. Attorney General an Secretar o War. Taft attendit Yale an, lik his faither, wis a member o Skull and Bones. Efter acomin a lawer, Taft wis appyntit a juidge while still in his twenties. He conteena'd a fest rise, bein named Soleecitor General an as a juidge o the Saxt Circuit Coort o Appeals. In 1901, Preses William McKinley appyntit Taft ceevilian govrenor o the Philippines. In 1904, Roosevelt made him Secretar o War, an he becam Roosevelt's haund-picked successor. Despite his personal ambeetion tae acome chief juistice, Taft declined repeatit offers o appyntment tae the Supreme Coort o the Unitit States, believin his poleetical wark tae be mair important.

Wi Roosevelt's help, Taft haed little opposeetion for the Republican nomination for preses in 1908 an easily defeatit William Jennings Bryan for the presidency that November. In the White House, he focused on East Asie mair than European affairs an repeatitly intervened tae prop up or remuive Laitin American govrenments. Taft socht reductions tae tred tariffs, then a major soorce o govrenmental income, but the resultin bill wis hivily influenced bi special interests. His admeenistration wis filled wi conflict atween the conservative weeng o the Republican Pairty, wi that Taft eften sympathized, an the progressive weeng, taewart that Roosevelt muived mair an mair. Controversies ower conservation an antitrust cases filed bi the Taft admeenistration served tae faur separate the twa men. Roosevelt challenged Taft for renomination in 1912. Taft uised his control o the pairty machinery tae gain a bare majority o delegates an Roosevelt bowtit the pairty. The split left Taft wi little chance o re-election an he teuk anerly Utah an Vermont in Wilson's veectory.

Efter leavin office, Taft returned tae Yale as a professor, conteenin his poleetical activity an wirkin against war throu the League tae Enforce Peace. In 1921, Preses Harding appyntit Taft as chief juistice, an office he haed lang socht. Chief Juistice Taft wis a conservative on business issues an unner him thare war advances in individual richts. In puir heal, he resigned in Februar 1930, an dee'd the follaein month. He wis buiried at Arlington Naitional Seemetry, the first preses an first Supreme Coort juistice tae be interred thare. Taft is generally leetit near the middle in historians' rankins o U.S. preses.

NotesEedit

  1. Vice Preses Sherman dee'd in office. As this wis prior tae the adoption o the Twenty-Fift Amendment in 1967, a vacancy in the office o Vice Preses wis nae filled till the next ensuin election and inauguration.

ReferencesEedit

  1. Jost, Kenneth (1993). The Supreme Court A to Z. CQ Press. p. 428. ISBN 9781608717446.