Telemark

coonty in Norawa, borderin Vestfold, Buskerud, Hordaland, Rogaland an Aust-Agder
For ither uises, see Telemark (disambiguation).

Aboot this soondTelemark  is a coonty in Norawa, borderin Vestfold, Buskerud, Hordaland, Rogaland an Aust-Agder. The coonty admeenistration is in Skien. Till 1919 the coonty wis kent as Bratsberg amt.

Telemark fylke
Coat o airms o Telemark fylke
Coat o airms
Telemark athin Norawa
Telemark athin Norawa
KintraNorawa
CoontyTelemark
RegionØstlandet
Coonty IDNO-08
Offeecial leid formNeutral
DemonymTeledøl or Telemarking
Admeenistrative centreSkien
Govrenment
 • GovrenorKari Nordheim-Larsen
  Arbeiderpartiet
  (2006–present)
 • Coonty mayorGunn Marit Helgesen
  Høyre
  (2003–present)
Area
(#10 in Norawa, 4.55% o Norawa's land aurie)
 • Total15,299 km2 (5,907 sq mi)
 • Land13,854 km2 (5,349 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
 • Tot167,102
 • Density12/km2 (30/sq mi)
 • Chynge (10 years)
1.8 %
 • Rank in Norawa
13 (3.63% of country)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02 (CEST)
Income (per caipita)139,900 NOK
GDP (per caipita)219,404 NOK (2001)
Naitional Rank:12 (2.38% o kintra)
Wabsteidwww.telemark-fk.no
YearPop.±%
1951136,519—    
1961149,943+9.8%
1971156,778+4.6%
1981162,050+3.4%
1991162,869+0.5%
2001165,595+1.7%
2011169,185+2.2%
2021?180,966+7.0%
2031?191,552+5.8%
Source: Statistics Norway.[1]
Religion in Telemark[2][3]
religion percent
Christianity
86.60%
Islam
1.50%
Buddhism
0.24%
Other
11.66%

LocationEedit

The coonty is locatit in sootheastren Norawa, extendin frae Hardangervidda tae the Skagerrak coast. The coastline extends frae Langesundsfjorden to Gjernestangen at the border tae Aust-Agder. Telemark haes a vera braken an heterogeneous landscape, includin mony hills an valleys.

InfrastructurEedit

The internaitional road E18 goes through the soothren pairts o Telemark, namely Grenland an the municipality o Kragerø. European route 134, anither important motorwa an the fastest route atween Oslo an Bergen, goes through the municipalities o Vinje, Tokke, Kviteseid, Seljord, Hjartdal an Notodden. RV36, stretchin frae Porsgrunn to Seljord, links the E18 an E134 motorwas.

Telemark is well servit bi railweys. The Sørlandsbanen runs through the traditional destricts o Vestmar an Midt-Telemark, servin the municipalities o Drangedal, Nome, and Sauherad. Grenland is primarily servit bi Vestfoldbanen, but haes connections through Bratsbergbanen which runs atween Skien an Notodden an aw.

Geiteryggen Airport in Skien affers flichts tae Bergen an Stockholm.

Frae Langesund, Kystlink operates ferry services tae Swaden an Denmark.

The main bus lines in the coonty are operatit bi Telemark Bilruter, servin wastren an middle pairts o the coonty, an Nettbuss which serves the middle, eastren an soothren pairts o the coonty. Drangedal Bilruter serves the Vestmar region.

PopulationEedit

The lairgest population centres are Skien, Porsgrunn, Notodden, Rjukan an Kragerø. Ither important places are , Fyresdal an Vinje.

The nameEedit

The Norse form o the name was Þelamǫrk. The first element is the genitive plural case o þelir, the name o an auld Germanic tribe. The last element is mǫrk 'firthland, borderland, march'. (See an aw Hedmark and Finnmark.)

Till 1919 the coonty wis cried Bratsberg amt. The amt wis namit efter the ferm Bratsberg (Norse Brattsberg), syne this was the seat o the amtmann ('govrenor'). The first element is the genitive case o brattr m 'steep montain', the last element is berg n 'mountain'. (The name is referrin tae a steep muntainside ahint the ferm.)

Telemark lent its name tae Telemark skiin, a style inventit bi Sondre Norheim, an the characteristic Telemark landin o ski jumpin.

Coat-o-airmsEedit

The coat-o-airms is frae modren times (1970). It shows an auld type o battle axe, significant for the coonty.

HistoryEedit

Some historians uised tae believe that Telemark haed been a petty kinrick in the early Viking Age, prior tae the reign o Harald Fairhair. This assertion, housomeivver, is unfoondit.

The film The Heroes of Telemark is loosely based on the Norse hivy watter sabotage, a raid on a hivy water plant at Rjukan durin Warld War II. Ray Mears made a documentary titled The Real Heroes of Telemark as a response tae the inaccuracies o the film, givin an accoont mair focused on the ootdoor skills that wur required for the operation (spendin months in the muntains an remote cabins).

DestrictsEedit

The coonty is conventionally dividit intae traditional destricts. These are Grenland, Vest-Telemark, Midt-Telemark, Øst-Telemark an Vestmar.

MunicipalitiesEedit

 
Municipalities in Telemark
Rank Name Inhabitants[4] Area km²
1   Skien 51,668 722
2   Porsgrunn 32,623 161
3   Bamble 14,107 282
4   Notodden 12,390 856
5   Kragerø 10,620 289
6   Nome 6,527 389
7   Tinn 6,022 1,858
8   5,595 260
9   Sauherad 4,270 292
10   Drangedal 4,159 998
11   Vinje 3,641 2,740
12   Seljord 2,966 672
13   Kviteseid 2,522 626
14   Siljan 2,412 203
15   Tokke 2,337 907
16   Hjartdal 1,587 741
17   Nissedal 1,404 789
18   Fyresdal 1,381 1,110
Total   Telemark 168,231 13,173

Freemit airtinsEedit

ReferencesEedit

Coordinates: 59°20′00″N 08°30′00″E / 59.33333°N 8.50000°E / 59.33333; 8.50000 Template:Telemark destrict