Rusyns (Rusyn: Русины / Rusynŷ), whiles cried Rusnaks (Rusyn: Руснакы / Rusnakŷ), kent as Carpatho-Ruthenians or Carpatho-Roushies (Rusyn: Карпато-Русини / Karpato-Rusyny) forby, are an East Slavic fowk that spik the Rusyn leid.

Rusyns
Flag of Carpathian Ruthenia.svg
Banner o Rusyns[1]
Karpatska Ukraina-2 COA.svg
Coat o airms o Rusyns
Tot population
75,000–110,000[a]
(est. 1.2-1.6 million)[2][3]
Regions wi signeeficant populations
 Slovakie33,482[4]
 Ukraine10,183–32,386[5]
 Serbie14,246[6]
 United States8,934[note 1][7]
 Croatie2,879[8]
 Hungary2,342[9]
 Czech Republic1,109[10]
 Poland638–10,531[note 2][11]
 Romanie200–4,090[note 3][12][13][14]
Leids
Rusyn · Ukrainian · Slovak
Serbian · Hungarian
Releegion
Maistly Greek Catholic (Ruthenian Greek Catholic Kirk) wi Eastren Orthodox minority (Roushie Orthodox Kirk an Serbie Orthodox Kirk)
Relatit ethnic groups
Ukrainians, Slovaks, Poles, Hungarians

Thay came fae an East Slavic fowk that bade in the northren airts o the Eastren Carpathies fae the Early Middle Ages. Thegither wi ither East Slavs fae neebourin airts, thay war aften cried by the common exonym Ruthenians, or by the mair speceefic name Carpathie Ruthenians, wi sub-gruip names sic as Dolinyans, Boykos, Hutsuls an Lemkos. Unalike thair neebours tae the east, that adoptit the uise o the ethnonym Ukrainians in the early 20t yearhunner, Rusyns haint thair name. As woners o northeastren airts o the Carpathie Moontains, Rusyns are closely connectit tae, an sumtimes associatit wi, ither Slavic fowk in the airt, sic as the Wast Slavic heichlander community o Gorals (literally, "Heichlanders"). The uiss o the Rusyn ethnonym is aften poleeticised, particular acause o the thocht in modren Roushie that conseeders the Ruthenian naition pairt o the naition o Muckle Roushies.

NotesEedit

  1. The tot feegur is ainly an estimate - the sum o aw the referenced populations ablo.
  1. Respondents in the U.S. census identifee'd as Carpatho Rusyn
  2. Accordin tae o the 2011 Pols census, 10,531 respondents identifee'd as Lemkos, separately frae Rusyns.
  3. While an estimatit 200 fowk identifee'd thaimsels as "Rusyns" in 2011, in the 2002 Romanie census, 3,890 fowk identifee'd as Hutsuls (Romanie: Huțuli; Rusyn Hutsuly) – a minority that's memmers aften identifee as or are regairdit as a subgroup o the Rusyns. A faur 61,091 Romanie ceetizens identifee'd as Ukrainian (Romanian: Ucraineni). As the archaic exonym "Ruthenians" wis applied indiscriminately tae baith Rusyns an Ukrainians, some Ukrainian-Romanies mey an aw regaird thaimsels as Rusyns in the sense o a subgroup o a braider Ukrainian identity.

ReferencesEedit

  1. "Academy of Rusyn Culture in the Slovak Republic: Rusyn Symbols". Academy of Rusyn Culture in the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  2. Paul Magocsi (1995). "The Rusyn Question". Political Thought. 2–3 (6).
  3. М. Ю. Дронов (2016). РУСИ́НЫ. Great Russian Encyclopedia (in Russian). Bolshaya Rossiyskaya Entsiklopediya, Russian Academy of Sciences. В этногенезе Р. приняли участие потомки племени белых хорватов, выходцы из др. вост.–слав. земель и др.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  4. "Permanently resident population by nationality and by regions and districts" (PDF) (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2011. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 17 Apryle 2012.
  5. Чисельність осіб окремих етнографічних груп украінського етносу та їх рідна мова [Number of persons individual ethnographic groups of the Ukrainian ethnicity and their native language]. ukrcensus.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). 2001. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2016. Карта говорiв української мови, 10.10.2008; Энциклопедический словарь: В 86 томах с иллюстрациями и дополнительными материалами. Edited by Андреевский, И.Е. − Арсеньев, К.К. − Петрушевский, Ф.Ф. − Шевяков, В.Т., s.v. Русины. Online version. Вологда, Russia: Вологодская областная универсальная научная библиотека, 2001 (1890−1907), 10.10.2008; Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Edited by Gordon, Raymond G., Jr., s.v. Rusyn. Fifteenth edition. Online version. Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.: SIL International, 2008 (2005), 10.10.2008; Eurominority: Peoples in search of freedom. Edited by Bodlore-Penlaez, Mikael, s.v. Ruthenians. Quimper, France: Organization for the European Minorities, 1999–2008, 10.10.2008.
  6. Становништво према националној припадности [Population by ethnicity]. Serbian Republic Institute of Statistics (in Serbie). Archived frae the original on 16 Apryle 2013.
  7. "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported, 2010 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  8. "STANOVNIŠTVO PREMA NARODNOSTI, PO GRADOVIMA/OPĆINAMA, POPIS 2001" [Population by ethnicity in cities and municipalities, 2001 Census] (in Croatian). State Institute for Statistics of the Republic of Croatia.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  9. Vukovich, Gabriella (2018). Mikrocenzus 2016 - 12. Nemzetiségi adatok [2016 microcensus - 12. Ethnic data] (PDF). Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian). Budapest. ISBN 978-963-235-542-9. Retrieved 9 Januar 2019.
  10. "Rusínská národnostní menšina". Retrieved 18 Mairch 2015.
  11. "Ludność. Stan i struktura demograficzno społeczna" [State and structure of the social demographics of the population] (PDF). Central Statistical Office of Poland (in Pols). 2013. p. 91. Retrieved 14 Apryle 2013.
  12. Moser, Michael (2016). "Rusyn". In Tomasz Kamusella, Motoki Nomachi & Catherine Gibson (eds.). The Palgrave Handbook of Slavic Languages, Identities and Borders (in English). Basingstoke UK: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 132. Cite uses deprecated parameter |editors= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  13. "Populaţia după etnie" (PDF) (in Romanian). Institutul Naţional de Statistică. Retrieved 28 October 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  14. "Date naţionale" (in Romanian). Erdélyi Magyar Adatbank. Archived frae the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)