Leon Trotsky (Roushie: Aboot this soondЛев Дави́дович Тро́цкий , Ukrainian: Лев Дави́дович Тро́цький (Lev Davidovich Trotsky, an aa transliteratit Lyev, Trotski, Trotskij, Trockij an Trotzky); 7 November [A.S. 26 October] 1879 – 21 August 1940), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Roushie: Лев Дави́дович Бронште́йн), wis a Roushie Marxist revolutionary an theorist, Soviet politeecian, an the foonder an first leader o the Red Airmy.

Leon Trotsky
Fowkcommissar o Foreign Affairs o the RSFSR
In office
8 November 1917 – 13 Mairch 1918
PremierVladimir Lenin
Precedit biMikhail Tereshchenko
Succeedit biGeorgy Chicherin
Fowkcommissar o Militar an Naval Affairs o the Soviet Union
In office
29 August 1919 – 15 Januar 1925
PremierVladimir Lenin
Alexey Rykov
Precedit biLev Kamenev
Succeedit biMikhail Frunze
Preses o the Petrograd Soviet
In office
8 October 1917 – 8 November 1917
Personal details
BornLev (Leiba) Davidovich Bronshtein
7 November 1879(1879-11-07)
near Yelizavetgrad, Kherson Governorate, Roushie Empire
Dee'd21 August 1940(1940-08-21) (aged 60)
Coyoacán, DF, Mexico
Poleetical pairtyRSDLP, SDPS, Communist Pairty o the Soviet Union, Left Opposition, IV International
Spoose(s)Aleksandra Sokolovskaya, Natalia Sedova
ReligionNane (atheist)[1]

Trotsky wis ane o the leaders o the Roushie October Revolution, seicont ae tae Vladimir Lenin. Durin the early days o the Soviet Union, he servit first as Fowkcommissar for Foreign Affairs an later as the foonder an commander o the Red Airmy an Fowkcommissar o War, he wis a major figure in the Bolshevik victory in the Roushie Civil War. He wis amang the first memmers o the Politburo an aw.

Efter leadin a failed struggle o the Left Opposition against the policies an rise o Joseph Stalin in the 1920s an the increasin role o bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, Trotsky wis successively remuivit frae pouer, expelled frae the Communist Pairty, deportit frae the Soviet Union an assassinatit on Stalin's orders. An early advocate o Reid Airmy intervention against European fascism,[2] Trotsky opposed Stalin's peace greements wi Adolf Hitler in the 1930s an aw.

As the heid o the Fowert Internaitional, Trotsky continued in exile tae oppose the Stalinist bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, an wis eventually assassinatit in Mexico, bi Ramón Mercader, a Soviet agent.[3] Trotsky's ideas form the basis o Trotskyism, a major schuil o Marxist thocht that is opposed tae the theories o Stalinism.



Trotsky's hoose in Coyoacán wis preserved much as it wis on the day o the assassination an is the nou a museum run bi a buird whilk includes his grandson Esteban Volkov. The current director o the museum is Carlos Ramirez Sandoval. Trotsky's grave is locatit in the gairden on the grunds. A new foundation (Internaitional Friends o the Leon Trotsky Museum) haes been organisit for tae raise siller tae further improve the Museum.

Trotsky wis ane o the few Soviet poleetical figurs who wis niver rehabilitatit bi the Gorbachev admeenistration.

Trotsky wis rehabilitatit in 16 Juin 2001 on the basis o the decision o the General Prosecutor's Office.

Trotsky's grandson, Esteban Volkov, who lives in Mexico, is an active promoter o his grandfaither. Trotsky's great-granddochter, Mexican American Nora Volkow (Volkov's dochter), is currently heid o the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse.


  1. Robert Service (2009). Trotsky: A Biography. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. pp. 199–201. ISBN 0-674-03615-8
  2. See, for example, the letter publisht in the Internal Bulletin o the Communist League o Americae, no.11, 31 Mairch 1933 "Leon Trotsky: Germany and the USSR (1933)". Trotsky Internet Archive. Retrieved 25 Juin 2009.
  3. The murther weapon wis a hidden cut-doun ice axe, no an ice pick. Mony history an reference beuks hae ramfeeselt the twa. See Robert Conquest, The Great Terror: A Reassessment, Oxford University Press, 1991, ISBN 0-19-507132-8, p. 418 for a detailed account