Sindh (pronounced [sɪnd̪ʱ]: Sindhi: سنڌ‎, Urdu: سندھ‎) historically referred tae as Ba'ab-ul-Islam (lit. The gateway o Islam), is ane o the fower provinces o Pakistan an historically is hame tae the Sindhi fowk. It is an aw locally kent as the "Mehran". The name o Sindh is derivit frae the Indus River that separates it frae Balochistan an the greater Iranian Plateau. This river wis kent tae the auncient Iranians in Avestan as Harauhuti, in Sanskrit as Sarasvati, tae Assiries (as early as the seivent century BC) as Sinda, tae the Greeks as Indos, tae the Romans as Indus, tae the Persies as Ab-e-sind, tae the Pashtuns as "Abasind", tae the Arabs as Al-Sind, tae the Cheenese as Sintow, an tae the Javanese as the Santri.


Location o Sindh in Pakistan
Location o Sindh in Pakistan
Map o Sindh PAKISTAN
Map o Sindh PAKISTAN
Coordinates: 24°52′N 67°03′E / 24.87°N 67.05°E / 24.87; 67.05
Established1 Julie 1970
Lairgest ceetyKarachi
 • TeepProvince
 • BodiProvincial Assembly
 • GovrenorIshrat ul Ibad (MQM)
 • Chief MeenisterSyed Qaim Ali Shah
 • Heich CourtSindh Heich Court
 • Total140,914 km2 (54,407 sq mi)
 (1998 est.)[1]
 • Total35,470,648
 • Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)
Main Leid(s)
Ither: Punjabi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki[2][3][4]
Assembly seats168[5]
Union Councils1108[6]

Sindh is bundit tae the wast bi the Indus River an Balochistan, tae the north bi Punjab, the east bi the Indie states o Gujarat an Rajasthan an tae the sooth bi the Arabie Sea. The caipital o the province is Karachi, Pakistan's lairgest ceety an financial hub. Maist o the population in the province is Muslim, wi sizeable Christian, Zoroastrian an Hindu minorities. The main leid spoken is Sindhi bi aboot 40 million fowk, while there exists a significant Urdu-speakin minority.


  1. "Sind - type and level of administrative division". World Gazetteer. Archived frae the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
  2. "Percentage Distribution of Households by Language Usually Spoken and Region/Province, 1998 Census" (PDF). Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2008. Federal Bureau of Statistics - Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 18 November 2008. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
  3. "Sindh (province, Pakistan)" at Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  4. "About Sindh Archived 2010-06-20 at the Wayback Machine" at
  5. "Provincial Assembly Seats". Archived frae the original on 14 December 2014. Retrieved 1 Februar 2012.
  6. "Government of Sindh". Archived frae the original on 16 Juin 2019. Retrieved 1 Februar 2012.

Further reading