Sfax (Arabic: صفاقس‎, Safaqis, or [sfaːqs] in Tunisian Arabic, whence the French name) is the seicont lairgest ceety in Tunisie, locatit 270 km (168 miles) sootheast o Tunis. The ceety, foondit in AD 849 on the ruins o Taparura an Thaenae, is the caipital o the Sfax Govrenorate, an a Mediterranean port on the Gulf o Gabès. Sfax haes population o 340,000 (2005), an is an industrial centre for processin phosphates. The ceety wis aften descrived as Tunisie's Seicont ceety, acause ae Tunis haes mair indwallers. Nouadays, Sfax lost this poseetion for ither Tunisan ceeties which hauld mair developed touristic an industrial activities.

Sfax

صفاقس
A Sfax street (Rue Hédi Chaker)
A Sfax street (Rue Hédi Chaker)
Sfax is locatit in Tunisia
Sfax
Sfax
Coordinates: 34°44′N 10°46′E / 34.733°N 10.767°E / 34.733; 10.767Coordinates: 34°44′N 10°46′E / 34.733°N 10.767°E / 34.733; 10.767
KintraTunisie
GovrenoratesSfax Govrenorate
Govrenment
 • MayorMoncef Abdelhedi
Population
 (2004)
 • Tot265,131
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1

HistoryEedit

 
Leukin athort the Place de la République towards Sfax ceety hall (photographed in 2005).

Bi the end o the 10t century Sfax haed acome an independent ceety-state. The ceety wis conquered bi Roger II ofSicily in 1148 an occupied till it wis leeberatit in 1156 bi local forces, an wis briefly occupied bi European forces again, this time bi the Spainyie, in the 16t century. Sfax became an integral base o the Barbary piracy, promptin an unsuccessful invasion bi Venice in 1785. In the late 19t century Sfax an the rest o Tunisie wur conquered bi Fraunce an incorporatit intae the French empire. Durin Warld War II, the Axis pouers uised the ceety as a major base till thay wur defeatit bi Breetish forces. Efter Warld War II, Tunisie wis returned tae Fraunce anerlie tae gain unthirldom in 1956.

TransportEedit

Sfax is served bi a nairae gauge railwey seestem o SNCFT that delivers phosphates an iron ore for export. Sfax is an aa served bi Sfax – Thyna Internaitional Airport wi regularly scheduled flichts tae Paris CDG an Tripoli, an chairter flichts tae Jeddah for the pilgrimage tae Mecca.

The A1 motorway connects Sfax wi Tunis.

CommunicationsEedit

Foondit in 1961, Radio Sfax broadcasts twinty oors a day[1] on MW 720 kHz/105.21 MHz.[2]

EducationEedit

The Varsity o Sfax includes:

  • ENIS (École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Sfax) issued a nummer o well kent scientists an industrials. [1]
  • ESCS (École Supérieure de Commerce de Sfax) issued a nummer o Managers, Economy an Management Researchers an Youth Entrepreneurs. [2]
  • FLSHS (Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines de Sfax) issued a nummer o renouned poets an prose writers .(http://www.flshs.rnu.tn)
  • Sfax Faculty o Medicine (Faculté de Médecine de Sfax). [3]

Internaitional relationsEedit

Twin touns — Sister ceetiesEedit

Sfax is twinned wi:

ReferencesEedit

  1. Jeter, James Phillip (1996). International Afro mass media: a reference guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 130. ISBN 0313284008. Retrieved 2011-01-01. Unknown parameter |coauthor= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  2. Radio Tunis (2010). "Radio Sfax, official site". Radiodiffusion Television Tunisienne. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
  3. Jérôme Steffenino, Marguerite Masson. "Ville de Grenoble –Coopérations et villes jumelles". Grenoble.fr. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  4. "Universitätsstadt Marburg Partnerstädte". marburg.de. Retrieved 2011-03-20.

See an aaEedit