Saunt Nicholas (Greek: Ἅγιος Νικόλαος, Hágios Nikólaos, Laitin: Sanctus Nicolaus); (15 Mairch 270 – 6 December 343), an aa cried Nikolaos o Myra, wis a historic 4t-century Christian saunt anGreek Bishop o Myra, in Asie Minor (modren-day Demre, Turkey). Acause o the mony miracles attributit tae his intercession, he is an aa kent as Nikolaos the Wonderwirker (Νικόλαος ὁ Θαυματουργός, Nikólaos ho Thaumaturgós). His reputation evolved amang the faithfu, as wis common for early Christian saunts, an his legendary habit o secret gift-givin gae rise tae the tradeetional model o Santae Claus throu Sinterklaas.
Roushie icon depictin St Nicholas wi scenes frae his life. Late 15t century or early 16t century. Naitional Museum, Stockholm.
|Defender o Orthodoxy, Wonderwirker, Haly Hierarch, Bishop o Myra|
15 Mairch 270|
Patara, Roman Empire
6 December 343 (aged 73)|
Myra, Roman Empire
|Veneratit in||Anglicanism, Baptist, Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, Lutheranism, Methodism, Reformed|
|Major shrine||Basilica di San Nicola, Bari, Italy|
6 December [A.S. 19 December] (main feast day – Saint Nicholas Day)|
9 May [A.S. 22 May] (translation of relics)
|Attributes||Vestit as a Bishop. In Eastren Christianity, wearin an omophorion an hauldin a Gospel Beuk. Sometimes shawn wi Jesus Christ ower ane shoulder, hauldin a Gospel Beuk, an wi the Theotokos ower the ither shoulder, hauldin an omophorion|
|Patronage||Bairn, coopers, sailors, fishermen, merchants, broadcasters, the falsely accused, repentant thieves, brewers, pharmacists, airchers, pawnbrokers, Aiberdeen, Galway, Roushie, Greece, Hellenic Navy, Liverpuil, Bari, Siggiewi, Moscow, Amsterdam, Lorraine an Duchy o Lorraine.|
- Book of Martyrs. Catholic Book Publishing. 1948.
- "Serbia". Saint Nicholas Center. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "Who is St. Nicholas?". St. Nicholas Center. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
- "St. Nicholas". Orthodox America. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
- Cunningham, Lawrence (2005). A brief history of saints. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-4051-1402-8.
The fourth-century Saint Nikolaos of Myra, Greek Anatolia (in present-day Turkey) spread to Europe through the port city of Bari in southern Italy... Devotion to the saint in the Low countries became blended with Nordic folktales, transforming this early Greek bishop into that Christmas icon, Santa Claus’.
- Lloyd, John; Mitchinson, John (December 2008). The book of general ignorance (Noticeably stouter edition). Faber and Faber. p. 318. ISBN 978-0-571-24692-2.
- Jones, Charles W. (1978). Saint Nikolaos of Myra, Bari, and Manhattan: Biography of a Legend. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-40700-5.