(Reguidit frae Plantae)
Temporal range: Mesoproterozoic–present
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Archaeplastida
Kinrick: Plantae
sensu Copeland, 1956
  • Viridiplantae Cavalier-Smith 1981[1]
  • Chlorobionta Jeffrey 1982, emend. Bremer 1985, emend. Lewis and McCourt 2004[2]
  • Chlorobiota Kenrick and Crane 1997[3]
  • Chloroplastida Adl et al., 2005 [4]
  • Phyta Barkley 1939 emed. Holt & Uidica 2007
  • Cormophyta Endlicher, 1836
  • Cormobionta Rothmaler, 1948
  • Euplanta Barkley, 1949
  • Telomobionta Takhtajan, 1964
  • Embryobionta Cronquist et al., 1966
  • Metaphyta Whittaker, 1969

Plants (an aa spelled "plaunts") are ane o five big groups (kinricks) o leevin things. Thay are autotrophic eukaryotes; that means thay hae complex cells, an mak thair ain fuid. For ordinar, thay canna muive.

Plants include familiar kynds sic as trees, yerbs, busses, girses, vines, ferns, fogs, an green algae. The scienteefic study o plants, kent as botany, haes identifeed aboot 350,000 extant speshie o plants. Fungi an non-green algae arena clessed as plants.

Maist plants growe in the grund, wi stocks abuin, an ruits ablow. Watter an some nutrients come frae the ruits. The evaporation o watter frae pores in the leafs pulls watter throu the plant. This is cawed transpiration.

A plant needs sunlicht, carbon dioxide, minerals an watter for tae mak fuid. A green substance in plants cried chlorophyll traps the energy frae the Sun needed tae mak fuid. Chlorophyll is maistly fund in leafs, athin plastids, that are athin the leaf cells. The leaf can be thocht o as a fuid factory. Leafs o plants vary in shape an size, but thay are aye the plant organ best suited tae fang solar energy. Ance the fuid is made in the leaf, it is transportit tae the ither pairts o the plant sic as stocks an ruits.[5][6]

Plants can reproduce in different kinds ay ways. Some plants uise seeds, an ithers uise cones. Maist flouerin plants develop fruit frae thair flouers, that then graw aroond thair seeds.

The wird "plant" can mean tae pit somethin in the grund an aw. For ensaumple, fermers plant seeds in the grund.

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References eedit

  1. Cavalier-Smith, T. (1981). "Eukaryote kingdoms: Seven or nine?". BioSystems. 14 (3–4): 461–481. doi:10.1016/0303-2647(81)90050-2. PMID 7337818.
  2. Lewis, L.A.; McCourt, R.M. (2004). "Green algae and the origin of land plants". American Journal of Botany. 91: 1535–1556. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1535. PMID 21652308.
  3. Kenrick, Paul; Crane, Peter R. (1997). The origin and early diversification of land plants: A cladistic study. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 1-56098-730-8.
  4. Adl, S.M. et al. (2005). "The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists". Journal of Eukaryote Microbiology. 52: 399–451. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2005.00053.x. PMID 16248873.CS1 maint: uises authors parameter (link)
  5. Asimov, Isaac 1968. Photosynthesis. Basic Books, New York, London. ISBN 0-465-05703-9.
  6. Intermediate Learn Science, grades 5-6, by Mike Evans and Linda Ellis