Fungus

A fungus (/ˈfʌŋɡəs/; plural: fungi[3] or funguses[4]) is a memmer o a muckle group o eukaryotic organisms thit is incluidin o microorganisms sic as baurms an moulds, as weel as the mair familiar mushruims. These organisms is clessifee'd as a kinrick, Fungi, which is apairt frae plants, animals, protists an bacteria. Ane muckle difference is thit fungal cells hae cell waas thit hauds chitin, unalike the cell waas o plants an some protists, which hauds cellulose, an unalike the cell waas o bacteriae. These, an ither differences, shaw thit the fungi furm a unifee'd group o relatit organisms, namit as the Eumycota (true fungi or Eumycetes), thit share a common auncestor (is a monophyletic group). This fungal group is distinct frae the structurally seemilar myxomycetes (slime moulds) an oomycetes (watter moulds). The discipline o biology devotit tae the studie o fungi is kent as mycology (frae the Greek μύκης, mukēs, meanin "fungus"). Mycology haes aften been regardit as a brainch o botany, even tho it is its ain kinrick in biological taxonomy. Genetic studies hae shawn thit fungi is mair closely relatit tae ainimals than tae plants.

Fungi
Temporal range: Early DevonianPresent 410–0 Ma
Fungi collage.jpg
Clockwise frae tap left:
Scientific classification e
(unranked): Opisthokonta
(unranked): Holomycota
(unranked): Zoosporia
Kinrick: Fungi
(L.) R.T.Moore[1]
Subkingdoms/Phyla/Subphyla[2]
Blastocladiomycota
Chytridiomycota
Glomeromycota
Microsporidia
Neocallimastigomycota

Dikarya (inc. Deuteromycota)

Ascomycota
Pezizomycotina
Saccharomycotina
Taphrinomycotina
Basidiomycota
Agaricomycotina
Pucciniomycotina
Ustilaginomycotina

Subphyla incertae sedis

Entomophthoromycotina
Kickxellomycotina
Mucoromycotina
Zoopagomycotina

ReferencesEedit

  1. Moore RT (1980). "Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts". Botanica Marina. 23: 361–373.
  2. The clessification seestem presentit here is based on the 2007 phylogenetic study bi Hibbett et al.
  3.  i/ˈfʌn/ or  i/ˈfʌŋɡ/
  4. "Fungus". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 26 Februar 2011.