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Newcastle upon Tyne (for ordinar cried juist Newcastle) is a ceety in the north-east o Ingland. It is locatit alang the north baunk o the River Tyne an the umwhile coonty toun o Northumberland. Mair nor 190,000 fowk bide in the ceety, but e'en mair bides in the surroondin aurie.

Newcastle upon Tyne
Ceety & metropolitan borough
Newcastle-upon-Tyne-bridges-and-skyline cropped.jpg
St James Park Newcastle south west corner.jpgTheatre Royal, Newcastle upon Tyne.jpg
Newcastle greys monument.jpgNewcastle schloss.jpg
Frae tap-left: Newcastle Quayside an River Tyne, St James' Park stadium, Theatre Royal, Georgian airchitectur aroond Grey's Monument, the Castle
Coat o airms o Newcastle upon Tyne
Coat o airms
Nickname(s): Newcastle, The Toon
Motto(s): "Fortiter Defendit Triumphans"
(Latin: "Triumphing bi brave defence")
Location o Newcastle upon Tyne in Ingland
Location o Newcastle upon Tyne in Ingland
Coordinates: 54°58′N 1°36′W / 54.967°N 1.600°W / 54.967; -1.600Coordinates: 54°58′N 1°36′W / 54.967°N 1.600°W / 54.967; -1.600
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Constituent kintra England
Region North East
Coonty Tyne an Wear
Foondit 2nt century
Toun charter Henry II
Coonty Corporate 1400
Ceety status 1882
Status Ceety & metropolitan borough
 • Govrenin body Newcastle Ceety Cooncil
 • Lord Mayor Cooncillor Jackie Slesenger[1]
 • Admeenistrative HQ Newcastle Civic Centre
 • City 225 km2 (139 sq mi)
Population (2011 est.)[2]
 • City 296,500 (Ranked 39t)
 • Urban 879,996 (Tyneside) (Ranked 7t)
 • Metro 1,650,000 (Tyne an Wear Ceety Region) (Ranked 6t)
Time zone GMT (UTC)
 • Simmer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcode NE
Aurie code(s) 0191
ISO 3166-2 GB-NET
ONS code 00CJ (ONS)
E08000021 (GSS)
OS grid reference NZ249645
Demonym Geordie, Novocastrian


Main airticle: Geordie

The byleid o Newcastle is kent as Geordie, an haes a lairge amoont o vocabulary an distinctive wird pronunciations no uised in ither pairts o Ingland, bit that are sib tae Scots. The Geordie byleid, lik Scots an Staundart Inglis, haes its oreegins in the leid spoken bi the Anglo-Saxon that settlet in Breetian efter the Romans left in the 4t century. But whiles the byleids o ither Inglis regions hae been muckle chyngit bi the influences o ither furrin leids — Norman an Norman–French in parteecular — the Geordie byleid, lik Scots, hauds ontae mony chairicteristics o the auld leid. Some wirds uised in the Geordie byleid is uised in Scots an aw, sic lik bonny, stot, canny, strang an coo. Mony wirds, houaniver, appear tae be uised alanery in Newcastle an the surroondin aurie, sic lik bait ("fuid") an hacky ("clarty").[3]


  1. Lord Mayor | Newcastle City Council. (1 April 2013). Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
  2. Pointer, Graham. "The UK's major urban areas" (PDF). Retrieved 8 April 2007. 
  3. "Newcastle English ("Geordie") – Vocabulary". Retrieved 2008-02-05.