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Kuntsevo (Roushie: Ку́нцево) is a destrict in Wastren Admeenistrative Okrug o the federal ceety o Moscow, Roushie. Population: 142,497 (2010 Census);[1] 125,100 (2002 Census).[3]

Kuntsevo Destrict
Кунцево (Roushie)
Msk zao kuntsevo.svg
Location o Kuntsevo Destrict in Moscow
Coordinates: 55°44′N 37°26′E / 55.733°N 37.433°E / 55.733; 37.433Coordinates: 55°44′N 37°26′E / 55.733°N 37.433°E / 55.733; 37.433
Coat of Arms of Kuntsevo (municipality in Moscow).png
Flag of Kuntsevo (municipality in Moscow).png
Coat o airms
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Location
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Moscow
Stateestics
Population (2010 Census) 142,497 inhabitants[1]
• Urban 100%
• Rural 0%
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[2]
Offeecial wabsteid
Kuntsevo Destrict on WikiCommons

HistoryEedit

In the 18t century, a palace an a pairk wur biggit; thay wur aften visitit bi the Empress Catherine II. Kuntsevo is the steid o the Kirk o Theotokos Orans. In the 19t century, Kuntsevo became a simmer resort for the Muscovites. A simmer theatre wis opened in 1890. Airtists an writers livit an wirkit in Kuntsevo; amang thaim Nikolay Karamzin, Ivan Turgenev, Vasily Perov, an Ivan Kramskoy.

Kuntsevo became a toun in its awn richt in 1926. On 4 Dizember 1941 German troops reached Kuntsevo durin the Battle o Moscow afore bein repulsed. In 1960, it became a pairt o Moscow. Nou a destrict o Moscow, it conteens mony factories, residential auries, an haes a well-connectit infrastructure. Kuntsevo is reportit tae be the location o the Strategic Missile Command centre.[4]

Kuntsevo DachaEedit

Main airticle: Kuntsevo Dacha
 
The Kuntsevo railwey station

Communist leaders stairtit tae settle in Kuntsevo in the 1920s. Joseph Stalin instructit his airchitect, Miron Merzhanov, tae big him a dacha on the bank o the Moskva River an muivit thare in 1934. Wi his muive ither members o the nomenklatura haed thair dachas biggit in the surroondins.[5] Stalin conductit hintle o his business frae his Blizhnyaya Dacha (Ближняя дача) ("nearbi dacha"). It wis hivily protectit an includit a double-perimetre fence, camouflagit 30-millimetre antiaircraft guns, an a security force o three hunder NKVD special troops.[4] Stalin passed awa at the dacha on 5 Mairch 1953.

See an awEedit

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  3. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Globalsecurity.org
  5. Stephen Lovell. Summerfolk: A History of the Dacha. Cornell University Press (2003),ISBN 0-8014-4071-8. p. 153f. ISBN 978-0-8014-4071-7.